Kungälv from Bohus fästning in July 2006
|Coordinates: 57°52′N 11°58′E|
|County||Västra Götaland County|
|• Total||11.52 km2 (4.45 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,976/km2 (5,120/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
According to official Swedish sources the city was founded in 1612, when the city of Konghelle was moved closer to the Bohus Fortress. However, this is disputed because other sources indicate that it was just a strategic relocation of the existing Norwegian city, the capital of Norway at one point under Sigurd I Magnusson, something frequently used for marketing and tourist purposes. For this reason, Kungälv could celebrate its "1000-year anniversary" in 1959.
Sigurd I Magnusson (Sigurd Jorsalfare, i.e., Sigurd the Crusader) was the King of Norway (1103–1130) and is the best-known crusader king of Scandinavia. He was also the first European king to join the crusades at a time where Kungälv was Norwegian territory.
Sigurd returned to Norway in 1111, where he made his capital in Konghelle (in the vicinity of Kungälv in present-day Sweden) and built a castle there, where he kept a relic given to him by King Baldwin, a splinter reputed to be from the True Cross. Sigurd died in 1130 and was buried in Hallvardskirken (Hallvards church) in Oslo, in present-day Norway.
In the 1120s Pomeranian ships from Stettin (present-day Szczecin, Poland), from the southern coast of the Baltic Sea attacked the Danish coast. On 10 August 1135 Duke Ratibor assaulted the Norwegian towns. Konghelle, was captured and burnt to the ground by the forces of prince Ratibor, assisted by a fleet of 550 ships with cavalry on board (each carrying forty-four men and two horses). They laid the town to ruins, killed a large part of the population, and abducted most of the survivors as thralls to Szczecin. Snorri Sturluson, writing a century later, said that Konghelle never completely recovered.
The Bohus Fortress and the cookie and biscuit store Bräckboden are the most popular tourist attractions in Kungälv.
- Mikael Andersson, Former NHL-forward and Olympian was raised in Kungälv.
- Niklas Andersson, Former NHL-forward and younger brother of Mikael was born and raised in Kungälv.
- P. J. Axelsson, Former Boston Bruins forward and Olympian was born and raised in Kungälv.
- Mirsad Bektašević the jihadist was born in Serbia and grew up in Kungälv
- Carin Koch, Professional golfer was born and raised in Kungälv.
- Lise Meitner, Austrian physicist who worked on radioactivity and nuclear physics; resided in Kungälv
- John Hron, the victim of a high-profile murder / hate crime was raised in Kungälv
- Fredrik Sjöström, Former NHL-forward was raised in Kungälv.
- Ernst Skarstedt, Swedish-American author, journalist and editor was born in Kungälv.
- Pontus Wernbloom, Professional football player.
The following sports clubs are located in Kungälv:
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kungälv.|
- "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2005 och 2010" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 14 December 2011. Archived from the original on 27 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
- Jöran Sahlgren; Gösta Bergman (1979). Svenska ortnamn med uttalsuppgifter (in Swedish). p. 15.
- Kungälv firar 1000 års-jubileum 1959 Archived 2013-06-04 at the Wayback Machine
- Olav Tryggvason's saga (Heimskringla. (Snorri Sturluson, chapter 113)
- Alin et al. (1948), p. 30.
- Olàn (1923), p. 39