Ku (kana)

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. Both represent [ku͍], and their shapes come from the kanji 久.

ku
transliterationku
translit. with dakutengu
translit. with handakuten(ngu)
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kanaクラブのク
(Kurabu no "ku")

This kana may have a dakuten added, transforming it into in hiragana, in katakana, and gu in Hepburn romanization. The dakuten's addition also changes the sound of the syllable represented, to [ɡu͍] in initial positions, and varying between [ŋu͍] and [ɣu͍] in the middle of words. A handakuten (゜) does not occur with ku in normal Japanese text, but it may be used by linguists to indicate a nasal pronunciation [ŋu͍].

In the Ainu language, the katakana ク can be written as small ㇰ, representing a final k sound as in アイヌイタㇰ Ainu itak (Ainu language).[1] This was developed along with other extended katakana to represent sounds in Ainu that are not found in standard Japanese katakana.

Forms Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal k-
(か行 ka-gyō)
ku
kuu
くう, くぅ
くー
クウ, クゥ
クー
Addition dakuten g-
(が行 ga-gyō)
gu
guu
ぐう, ぐぅ
ぐー
グウ, グゥ
グー
Other additional forms
Form A (kw-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
kwa くぁ/くゎ クァ/クヮ
kwi くぃ/くゐ クィ/クヰ
kwu くぅ クゥ
kwe くぇ クェ
kwo くぉ クォ
Form B (gw-)
Romaji Hiragana Katakana
gwa ぐぁ/ぐゎ グァ/グヮ
gwi ぐぃ/ぐゐ グィ/グヰ
gwu ぐぅ グゥ
gwe ぐぇ グェ
gwo ぐぉ グォ

Stroke order

Other communicative representations

Character
Unicode nameHIRAGANA LETTER KUKATAKANA LETTER KUHALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER KUKATAKANA LETTER SMALL KUHIRAGANA LETTER GUKATAKANA LETTER GU
Encodingsdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhex
Unicode12367U+304F12463U+30AF65400U+FF7812784U+31F012368U+305012464U+30B0
UTF-8227 129 143E3 81 8F227 130 175E3 82 AF239 189 184EF BD B8227 135 176E3 87 B0227 129 144E3 81 90227 130 176E3 82 B0
Numeric character referenceくくククククㇰㇰぐぐググ
Shift JIS130 17382 AD131 7883 4E184B8130 17482 AE131 7983 4F
  • Braille
く / ク in Japanese Braille
く / ク
ku
ぐ / グ
gu
くう / クー
ぐう / グー
Other kana based on Braille
きゅ / キュ
kyu
ぎゅ / ギュ
gyu
きゅう / キュー
kyū
ぎゅう / ギュー
gyū

The Wabun code for く or ク is ・・・-.

References

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