Krems an der Donau

Krems an der Donau (German pronunciation: [ˈkʁɛms ʔan deːɐ̯ ˈdoːnaʊ̯]; Czech: Kremže) is a town of 23,992 inhabitants in Austria, in the federal state of Lower Austria. It is the fifth-largest city of Lower Austria and is approximately 70 kilometres (43 miles) west of Vienna. Krems is a city with its own statute (or Statutarstadt), and therefore it is both a municipality and a district.

Krems
View of Krems

Coat of arms
Krems
Location of Krems in Austria
Coordinates: 48°25′N 15°37′E
CountryAustria
StateLower Austria
DistrictStatutory city (Austria)
Town rights1305
Government
  MayorReinhard Resch (SPÖ)
  First Vice-MayorEva Hollerer (SPÖ)
  Second Vice-MayorErwin Krammer (ÖVP)
Area
  Statutory city (Austria)51.66 km2 (19.95 sq mi)
Elevation
203 m (666 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
  Statutory city (Austria)24,610
  Density465/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
  Urban
c. 50,000
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
3500, 3506 (Krems-Süd)
Area code02732, 02739 (Krems-Süd)
License plateKS
Websitewww.krems.at

Geography

Krems is located at the confluence of the Krems and Danube Rivers at the eastern end of Wachau valley, in the southern Waldviertel.

Krems borders the following municipalities: Stratzing, Langenlois, Rohrendorf bei Krems, Gedersdorf, Traismauer, Nußdorf ob der Traisen, Paudorf, Furth bei Göttweig, Mautern an der Donau, Dürnstein, and Senftenberg.

History

Krems was first mentioned in 995 in a certificate of Otto III,[3] but settlement was apparent even before then. For example, a child's grave, over 27,000 years old, was found here. This is the oldest grave found in Austria.

During the 11th and 12th centuries, Chremis, as it was then called, was almost as large as Vienna.

Krems is the primary producer of Marillenschnaps, an apricot brandy.

Krems is the hometown of Martin Johann Schmidt, called "Kremserschmidt", the leading painter, draughtsman and etcher of the Austrian late Baroque.

City division

  • Innenstadt (Inner City)
  • Weinzierl
  • Mitterau
  • Stein
  • Egelsee
  • Rehberg
  • Am Steindl
  • Gneixendorf
  • Lerchenfeld
  • Krems-Süd (South Krems)

Population development

The population (with principal residence status) in the agglomeration was about 50,000 at the end of 2010.

Climate

Climate data for Krems
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.8
(62.2)
21.1
(70.0)
24.9
(76.8)
27.8
(82.0)
31.6
(88.9)
36.8
(98.2)
36.0
(96.8)
36.5
(97.7)
33.5
(92.3)
27.2
(81.0)
23.5
(74.3)
16.1
(61.0)
36.8
(98.2)
Average high °C (°F) 3.1
(37.6)
5.1
(41.2)
10.2
(50.4)
15.3
(59.5)
20.6
(69.1)
23.3
(73.9)
25.8
(78.4)
25.5
(77.9)
20.4
(68.7)
14.5
(58.1)
7.5
(45.5)
3.7
(38.7)
14.6
(58.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
0.8
(33.4)
4.9
(40.8)
9.3
(48.7)
14.6
(58.3)
17.6
(63.7)
19.5
(67.1)
18.9
(66.0)
14.3
(57.7)
8.9
(48.0)
3.7
(38.7)
0.7
(33.3)
9.4
(48.9)
Average low °C (°F) −3.2
(26.2)
−2.5
(27.5)
0.8
(33.4)
4.5
(40.1)
9.0
(48.2)
12.0
(53.6)
13.8
(56.8)
13.4
(56.1)
9.7
(49.5)
4.9
(40.8)
0.8
(33.4)
−2.1
(28.2)
5.1
(41.2)
Record low °C (°F) −22.8
(−9.0)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−4.7
(23.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
1.3
(34.3)
5.7
(42.3)
4.8
(40.6)
0.6
(33.1)
−7.9
(17.8)
−16.3
(2.7)
−22.7
(−8.9)
−22.8
(−9.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 17.3
(0.68)
21.0
(0.83)
27.4
(1.08)
37.5
(1.48)
58.2
(2.29)
80.2
(3.16)
79.8
(3.14)
62.0
(2.44)
45.5
(1.79)
28.3
(1.11)
33.6
(1.32)
24.9
(0.98)
515.7
(20.3)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 8.3
(3.3)
7.5
(3.0)
6.2
(2.4)
0.2
(0.1)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
4.2
(1.7)
6.8
(2.7)
33.2
(13.1)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.0 5.1 5.8 6.5 9.0 9.9 9.6 8.4 6.9 5.0 7.2 6.0 84.4
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 10.1 6.9 2.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.8 6.2 27.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.3 88.8 127.4 171.5 219.6 214.2 238.5 234.9 157.3 120.9 53.9 41.9 1,724.2
Source: Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics[4]

Main sights

Old town

  • Bürgerspitalkirche
  • Dominikanerkirche
  • Dreifaltigkeitssäule
  • Göglhaus
  • Gozzoburg
  • Großes Sgraffitohaus
  • Pfarrkirche St. Veit
  • Piaristenkirche
  • Pulverturm
  • Rathaus
  • Simandlbrunnen
  • Steiner Tor: The gate, erected in 1480, is the second remaining medieval gate

Outside the Old Town

  • Frauenbergkirche
  • Göttweigerhofkapelle
  • Großer Passauerhof
  • Karikaturmuseum Krems
  • Kloster Und
  • Kremser Tor
  • Kunsthalle Krems
  • Forum Frohner
  • Landesgalerie Niederösterreich
  • Linzer Tor
  • Mauthaus
  • Minoritenkirche
  • Pfarrkirche Hl. Nikolaus
  • Salzstadl
  • University Krems

Transport

The city's main railway station is a junction of the Franz-Josefs Railway to Vienna, the Kremser Railway to St. Pölten, the Donauufer Railway to Spitz and the regional railway to Horn. It is at the intersection of the Stockerauer Speedway S5 and the Kremser Speedway S33, and is traversed by the Danube Road B3, the Retzer Road B35, the Kremser Road B37 and the Langenloiser Road B218. Krems is a junction of the Wieselbus bus lines, which provides radial connections between Sankt Pölten and the different regions of Lower Austria.

Main Roads

  • Stockerauer Schnellstraße (S5) from Krems to Vienna
  • Kremser Schnellstraße (S33) from Krems to St. Pölten
  • Donau Straße (B3) from Krems to Linz
  • Aggsteiner Straße (B33) from Krems to Melk
  • Retzer Straße (B35) from Krems to Retz
  • Kremser Straße (B37) from Krems to Rastenfeld
  • Langenloiser Straße (B218) from Krems to Langenlois

Railroad

Air traffic

In the city

A network of four bus lines operates at regular intervals within the city. Every summer, a tourist train connects the ancient parts of the city with museums, the central railway station and the passenger ship terminal of Krems.

Politics

Municipal council

The municipal council consists of 40 members and since the municipal elections in 2017 it consists of the following parties:

Municipal elections in Krems were held, as the same time as the Austrian legislative election, 2017 on 15th October 2017.

City's senate

The city's senate consists of 10 members:

  • SPÖ: 5 members
  • ÖVP: 4 members
  • FPÖ: 1 members

Public facilities

Educational facilities

Prison

  • Justizanstalt Stein is a prison housing some of Austria's worst offenders.

Leisure and sports sites

Swimming is available at Kremser Strandbad (indoor swimming pool) and outdoor.

Personalities linked to Krems an der Donau

Twin towns

Krems is twinned with the following cities:

References

  1. "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. "Krems an der Donau - Wasserwerk".
  4. "Klimadaten von Österreich 1971-2000 -Krems" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Retrieved 2012-09-06.
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