Krasukha (electronic warfare system)

The Krasukha (Russian: Красуха; English: Belladonna or Deadly Nightshade) is a Russian mobile, ground-based, electronic warfare (EW) system. This system is produced by the KRET corporation on different wheeled platforms.[1][2] The Krasukha's primary targets are airborne radio-electronics (such as UAVs) and airborne systems guided by radar. The Krasukha has multiple applications in the Russian Armed Forces.[3]

1L269 Krasukha-2/4

Krasukha-2/4 at Engineering Technologies 2014
TypeElectronic Counter Measure system
Place of originRussia
Service history
In service2014–present
Used byRussian Federation
Production history
DesignerKRET corporation
ManufacturerKRET corporation,
BAZ (for wheeled platform of Krasukha-4)
Produced2010–present
Variants1L269 Krasukha-2
1RL257 Krasukha-4
Specifications

Operational
range
  • Krasukha-2: 250 km
  • Krasukha-4: 300 km

Krasukha-2

The Krasukha-2 is intended to jam AWACS at ranges of up to 250 kilometres (160 mi).[3][4] The Krasukha-2 is also able to jam other airborne radars, such as radar guided missiles. The missiles, once jammed, are then provided a false target away from the original to ensure that the missiles are no longer a threat. The Krasukha-2 guards mobile high priority targets such as the 9K720 Iskander SRBM.[3]

Krasukha-4

The Krasukha-4 broadband multifunctional jamming station is mounted on a BAZ-6910-022 four-axle-chassis. Like the Krasukha-2, the Krasukha-4 counters AWACS and other airborne radar systems. The Krasukha-4 has the range to effectively disrupting low Earth orbit (LEO) satellites and can cause permanent damage to targeted radio-electronic devices.[2][5] Ground based radars are also a viable target for the Krasukha-4.[1]

Operators

Operational history

Krasukha jammers were reportedly deployed to support Russian forces in Syria.[8] They have reportedly been blocking small U.S. surveillance drones from receiving GPS satellite signals.[9]

In July 2018, an OSCE monitoring mission drone recorded a 1L269 Krasukha-2 among other electronic warfare equipment deployed near Chornukhyne, Ukraine.[10]

References

  1. ""Electronic warfare complex "Krasuha-4""". KRET. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  2. "Advanced system to guard Russia from hi-tech surveillance, drone attacks". Russia Today. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  3. "1L269 Krasukha-2". Deagel.com. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  4. "KRET has fulfilled the state defense order for the delivery of Krasuha-2". Rostek. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  5. "Krasukha-4". Deagel.com. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  6. Secret-difa3 (13 December 2013). "Tout sur la défense au Maghreb: L'Algérie se dote d'un système de brouillage innovant". Tout sur la défense au Maghreb. Retrieved 13 November 2018.
  7. دفاع و امنیت (4 August 2019). "سامانه مرموز جنگال در ایران +فیلم". https://www.mashreghnews.ir/service/defence-news. Retrieved 4 August 2019. External link in |website= (help)
  8. Axe, David (21 October 2017). "The jammer can disrupt an enemy's own signals, potentially preventing ground-based controllers from steering their drones via satellite". Vice News. Russia deployed Krasukha systems to Syria in an effort to form a sort of electronic shield over Russian and allied forces in the country.
  9. Varfolomeeva, Anna (1 May 2018). "Signaling strength: Russia's real Syria success is electronic warfare against the US". The Defense Post. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  10. OSCE. "Latest from the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine (SMM), based on information received as of 19:30, 10 August 2018". www.osce.org. Retrieved 14 August 2018.

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