Norman Tindale estimated their tribal lands as covering approximately 2,000 square miles (5,200 km2). These covered the inland area northeast of Mount Litchfield, around the midwaters of the Reynolds River and the headwaters of the Adelaide River. Their northeastern limits were close to Rum Jungle and Batchelor.
- Tindale 1974, p. 229.
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- Foelsche, Paul (1895). "On the Manners, Customs, &c., of some Tribes of the Aborigines in the neighbourhood of Port Darwin and the West Coast of the Gulf of Carpentaria, North Australia". The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland. 24: 190–198. JSTOR 2842215.
- Stanner, W. E. H. (December 1933). "Ceremonial Economics of the Mulluk Mulluk and Madngella Tribes of the Daly River, North Australia. A Preliminary Paper". Oceania. 4 (2): 156–175. JSTOR 40327457.
- Stretton, W. G. (1893). "Customs, rites and superstitions of the aboriginal tribes of the Gulf of Carpentaria" (PDF). Journal of the Royal Geographical Society of Australia (Adelaide Branch). 17: 227–253.
- Tindale, Norman Barnett (1974). "Kungarakan (NT)". Aboriginal Tribes of Australia: Their Terrain, Environmental Controls, Distribution, Limits, and Proper Names. Australian National University. ISBN 978-0-708-10741-6.