Kolding (Danish pronunciation: [ˈkʰɒleŋ]) is a Danish seaport located at the head of Kolding Fjord in the Region of Southern Denmark. It is the seat of Kolding Municipality. It is a transportation, commercial, and manufacturing centre, and has numerous industrial companies, principally geared towards shipbuilding. The manufacturing of machinery and textiles and livestock export are other economically significant activities.

The castle lake "Kolding Slotsø"

Coat of arms
Kolding (left center) in Denmark
Coordinates: 55°29′30″N 9°30′0″E
RegionSouthern Denmark (Syddanmark)
First documented1231[1]
  MayorJørn Pedersen
50 m (160 ft)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Area code(s)(+45) 7

With a population of 90,066 (1 January 2014), the Kolding municipality is the seventh largest in Denmark. The city itself has a population of 60,854 (1 January 2019)[2] and is also the seventh largest city in Denmark.

The city is part of the Triangle Region, which includes the neighbouring cities of Fredericia and Vejle.


In the Battle of Kolding, fought on 25 December 1658, the allied Polish and Danish forces under hetman Stefan Czarniecki defeated the Swedish forces of Charles X Gustav of Sweden.

A battle between German and Danish forces took place near the town on 23 April 1849 during the First War of Schleswig.

On 3 November 2004, the N. P. Johnsen's Fireworks Factory in the suburb of Seest exploded. One firefighter died, 85 people were injured, and around 2000 people were evacuated and some of them lost their homes during this disaster in this suburb of Kolding.


Located in Kolding is the former royal castle of Koldinghus. This was built in the 13th century by King Eric Klipping and is now a museum with certain parts of the castle, including its chapel and hall, being used for governmental ceremonial events. It was the last royal residence in Jutland. Another notable site is the 13th century stone Church of Saint Nicholas (Danish: Sankt Nicolai), which is one of the oldest in Denmark. Popular tourist attractions include the Trapholt art museum and the gardens Geografisk Have. Trapholt holds collections of Danish arts from 1900 onwards and a smaller number of non-Danish exhibits. Kolding is also the site of Designskolen Kolding, a university design school.

Main sights

The municipal museum, the Museet på Koldinghus, is located in the castle and former royal palace. It has a collection of Danish art from the late Middle Ages to the 1940s, miscellaneous artefacts of local interest, and an extensive collection of items in gold and silver.

The Trapholt art museum features many pieces from mainly Danish artists, along with a large collection of chairs.

Also Kolding houses the Danish Museum of Nurses (Danish: Dansk Sygeplejemuseum) which is situated in the former reception building of the former tuberculosis sanatorium for children. The exhibition also include this past of the buildings. The main part of the sanatorium is now a hotel, situated in a minor forest and overlooking the water. The building itself is very beautiful and built to resemble a palace.


A branch of University College South (Danish: University College Syd) can be found in Kolding.

A branch campus of University of Southern Denmark (Danish: Syddansk Universitet) is located in the former hospital which was closed in 1975. Further, the new Campus Kolding opened downtown in 2014[3]. The city is also home to Design School Kolding (Designskolen Kolding), established in 1967 and teaching undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in the areas of fashion, graphic design and textiles.[4]

The new building of University of Southern Denmark will be built further to the east at Grønborggrunden in central Kolding.[5]

Sister cities

Kolding is twinned with the following towns.[6]

City Region Country Year
Anjō Aichi Prefecture  Japan 1997
Delmenhorst  Lower Saxony  Germany 1979
Drammen Buskerud  Norway 1946
Huéscar Granada  Spain 1982
Lappeenranta South Karelia  Finland 1947
Nanortalik Kujalleq  Greenland 2007
Örebro Närke  Sweden 1946
Panevėžys Panevėžys County  Lithuania 2000
Pisa  Tuscany  Italy 2007
Stykkishólmur Western Region  Iceland 1979
Szombathely Vas County  Hungary 1991

Notable people


See also


  1. Bøje, Jens Anker (19 June 2007). "Kolding - byens historie i korte træk" (in Danish). kolding.dk. Archived from the original on 7 June 2007. Retrieved 24 June 2007.
  2. BY3: 1st January, by urban areas The Mobile Statbank from Statistics Denmark
  3. https://www.sdu.dk/en/om_sdu/byerne/kolding/studieliv
  4. "Design School Kolding". Cumulus. Archived from the original on 20 March 2014. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  5. Venskabsbyer Archived 10 June 2007 at the Wayback Machine
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.