Kokartus is an extinct genus of prehistoric salamander from the Middle Jurassic Balabansai Svita of Kyrgyzstan.[1]

Temporal range: Middle Jurassic, Bathonian–Callovian
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Family: Karauridae
Genus: Kokartus
Nessov, 1988
K. honorarius
Binomial name
Kokartus honorarius
Nessov, 1988

The absence of clear lines of arrested growth and annuli in long bones suggests that the animals lived in an environment with stable local conditions. Due to the morphological features of the bones, it is assumed that the living animal was neotenic.[2]


  1. Averianov, Alexander O.; Martin, Thomas; Skutschas, P. P.; Rezvyi, A. S.; Bakirov, A. A. (2008). "Amphibians from the Middle Jurassic Balabansai Svita in the Fergana Depression, Kyrgyzstan (Central Asia)". Palaeontology. 51 (2): 471–485. doi:10.1111/j.1475-4983.2007.00748.x.
  2. Skutschas, Pavel; Stein, Koen (12 February 2015). "Long bone histology of the stem salamanderKokartus honorarius(Amphibia: Caudata) from the Middle Jurassic of Kyrgyzstan". Journal of Anatomy. 226 (4): 334–347. doi:10.1111/joa.12281. PMC 4386933. PMID 25682890.

See also

  • Prehistoric amphibian
  • List of prehistoric amphibians

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.