The JSC Klimov (or Joint Stock Company Klimov) presently manufactures internationally certified gas turbine engines, main gearboxes and accessory drive gearboxes for transport aircraft.

JSC Klimov
Joint-stock company
Founded1912 (1912)
ProductsGas turbines, Engines, Gearboxes, Auxiliary power units
Revenue$327 million[1] (2017)
$9.84 million[1] (2017)
$2.91 million[1] (2017)
Total assets$482 million[1] (2017)
Total equity$76.6 million[1] (2017)
Number of employees
82,000 (2014) 
ParentUnited Engine Corporation[2]

Originally established as Kirill Klimov Experimental Design Bureau in Saint-Petersburg under the direction of Vladimir Yakovlevich Klimov (Влади́мир Я́ковлевич Кли́мов) (1892–1962), Klimov designed engines for Soviet aircraft based on Renault aircraft engine designs.[3]


The Klimov OKB was formed in the early 1930s to produce and improve upon the liquid-cooled Hispano-Suiza 12Y V-12 piston engine for which the USSR had acquired a license. At that time Klimov also manufactured motorcycles.

In 1946 the British government allowed Rolls-Royce to sell a number of Nene and Derwent V turbojet engines to the Soviet Union. Klimov OKB was given the task of "metrifying" the British designs, without the knowledge or permission of the West, as the VK-1 and RD-500.

Klimov United Engine Company is now located in Saint-Petersburg region.

Piston engines

  • M-100 – Hispano-Suiza 12Ydrs built under license
  • M-103 – improved M-100
  • M-105 – improved M-103; later redesignated as VK-105
  • M-110
  • M-120 – prototype inline 18-cylinder with three M-103A blocks in an inverted Y configuration; cancelled due to engine malfunction
During World War II, designations were changed from M (motor) to VK (the lead designer's initials)
  • VK-106 – prototype developed from M-105 with improved performance at lower altitudes; cancelled due to cooling problems
  • VK-107
  • VK-108 – prototype version of VK-107 with 1850 hp on takeoff; never entered production
  • VK-109
  • VK-110
  • VK-150

Gas turbine engines

  • RD-10 (along AI Ivchenko Progress (Motor Sich), KMPO & SNTK Kuznetsov (OAO Motorostroitel), elsewhere)
  • RD-33 and variants, derivatives
RD-5000B for UCAV UAV like MiG Skat
    • Klimov VK-10M 22 to 24,200 lbf (97.87 - 107.647 kN)
  • RD-35 , agreement with Slovakian PSLM ZVL
  • RD-45
  • GTD-350
  • RD-500 , copy of the Rolls-Royce Derwent V
  • TV2-117 (built by Isotov from 1959–1964)
  • TV3-117 variants
TV3-117VM VMA for Mil and Kamov helicopters
TV3-117VMA-SBM1 Turboprop for the An-140 , MiG-110 , Be-32K
TV7-117S Turboprop for Aircraft
  • Klimov TV and VK derived Turboprop and Turbofan engines powerplants
  • Klimov TV17-117 new perspective engine, follow up of the TV family
  • VK-1
  • VK-3
  • VK- (and TV-) turbojets turbofan, gas turbines, turboprop turboshafts
  • VK-13
  • VK-800 , VK800V also at Motor Sich
  • VK-1500 variant or derivative of TV3-117 engine
  • VK-2500 enhancement of TV3-117
  • VK-3000 (VK300V also at OMKB OMO Baranov), VK3500 (TVa-3000) also at Motor Sich, VK-5000 and/or VK-6000 perspective
  • GTU-18P GTU-14F GTU-24R GTU-28N Gas Turbines
and vehicles, vagon locomotives GTs
  • GTD-1000T, GTD-1250
  • GTD-1400, GTD-1500

Auxiliary power unit

  • GTDE-117
  • VK-100
  • VK-150


  1. "Бухгалтерский балансна 31 декабря 2017 г." Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  2. "Structure (of United Engine Corporation)". United Engine Corporation. Retrieved 16 April 2017.
  3. History of UEC Klimov at klimov.ru Accessed 10 January 2018
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