Kirovohrad Oblast

Kirovohrad Oblast (Ukrainian: Кіровоградська область, translit. Kirovohrads’ka oblast’; also referred to as Kirovohradschyna - Ukrainian: Кіровоградщина) is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Kropyvnytskyi, formerly known as Kirovohrad. Its population is 965,756(2017 est.)[2]. Between 1939 and 2016, Kropyvnytskyi was called Kirovohrad and was named after the First Secretary of the Leningrad City Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) Sergei Kirov.[3] Due to decommunization laws (on 14 July 2016) the name of the city was changed to Kropyvnytskyi.[3] Kirovohrad Oblast was not renamed because as such it is mentioned in the Constitution of Ukraine, and the Oblast can only be renamed by a constitutional amendment.[4] On 20 June 2018, the Committee on State Building, Regional Policy and Local Self-Government of the Ukrainian parliament backed the proposal to rename Kirovohrad Oblast to Kropyvnytskyi Oblast.[5] The renaming was criticized by Serhiy Lyovochkin on behalf of the Opposition Bloc.[6] In February 2019, the Constitutional Court of Ukraine declared constitutional the bill on renaming Kirovohrad Oblast to Kropyvnytskyi Oblast.[7][8]

Kirovohrad Oblast

Кіровоградська область
Kirovohrads’ka oblast’

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Кіровоградщина (Kirovohradschyna)
Coordinates: 48.46°N 32.27°E / 48.46; 32.27
Country Ukraine
Administrative centerKropyvnytskyi
Government
  GovernorAndriy Balon[1]
  Oblast council64 seats
  ChairpersonOleksandr Chornoivanenko (Batkivshchyna)
Area
  Total24,588 km2 (9,493 sq mi)
Area rankRanked 15th
Population
 (2017)
  Total965,756
  RankRanked 25th
  Density39/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code+380-52
ISO 3166 codeUA-35
Vehicle registrationВA
Raions21
Cities (total)12
 Regional cities4
Urban-type settlements26
Villages1015
FIPS 10-4UP10
Websitekr-admin.gov.ua

Geography

The area of the province is 24,600 km2 (9,498.11 sq mi).

The city of Dobrovelychkivka is the geographical center of Ukraine.

History

The oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on January 10, 1939 out of the northern raions of Mykolaiv Oblast. In 1954 the oblast lost some raions to the newly created Cherkasy Oblast, but later that year received its western raions from the Odessa Oblast.

Points of interest

The following sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine:

Administrative divisions

The Kirovohrad Oblast is administratively subdivided into 21 raions (districts) as well as 4 cities (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Oleksandriia, Svitlovodsk, Znamianka, and the administrative center of the oblast, Kropyvnytskyi.

NameUkrainian NameArea
(km2)
Population
census 2015[9]
Admin.centerUrban Population Only
KropyvnytskyiКропивницький (місто)103239,837Kropyvnytskyi (city)231,228
OleksandriiaОлександрія (місто)5591,881Oleksandriia (city)82,269
SvitlovodskСвітловодськ (місто)4553,449Svitlovodsk (city)45,746
ZnamiankaЗнам'янка (місто)1528,507Znamianka (city)23,245
Bobrynets'kyi raionБобринецький район1,49625,993Bobrynets10,998
Dobrovelychkivs'kyi raionДобровеличківський район1,29733,925Dobrovelychkivka14,726
Dolyns'kyi raionДолинський район1,20034,535Dolynska20,713
Haivorons'kyi raionГайворонський район70038,335Haivoron21,556
Holovanivs'kyi raionГолованівський район99231,084Holovanivsk11,996
Kropyvnytskyi RaionКропивницький район1,60037,123Kropyvnytskyi (city)N/A *
Kompaniyivs'kyi raionКомпаніївський район96715,413Kompaniivka4,537
Malovyskivs'kyi raionМаловисківський район1,11143,678Mala Vyska20,660
Novhorodkivs'kyi raionНовгородківський район99715,567Novhorodka5,775
Novoarkhanhel's'kyi raionНовоархангельський район1,20024,743Novoarkhanhelsk6,286
Novomyrhorods'kyi raionНовомиргородський район1,03228,554Novomyrhorod13,894
Novoukrains'kyi raionНовоукраїнський район1,66842,055Novoukrainka17,176
Oleksandrivs'kyi raionОлександрівський район1,15927,558Oleksandrivka11,279
Oleksandriys'kyi raionОлександрійський район1,85435,765Oleksandriia (city)N/A *
Onufriyivs'kyi raionОнуфріївський район88918,445Onufriivka8,695
Petrivs'kyi raionПетрівський район1,19524,329Petrove8,173
Svitlovods'kyi raionСвітловодський район1,21912,420Svitlovodsk (city)N/A *
Ul'yanovs'kyi raionУльяновський район70122,742Ulianovka6,080
Ustynivs'kyi raionУстинівський район94213,106Ustynivka3,467
Vilshans'kyi raionВільшанський район64512,650Vilshanka4,689
Znamyans'kyi raionЗнам'янський район1,33423,030Znamianka (city)N/A *
Total OblastКіровоградська Область24,588974,724612,237

Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

Demographics

Age structure

0-14 years: 14.3% (male 72,646/female 68,970)
15-64 years: 68.7% (male 324,698/female 355,058)
65 years and over: 17.0% (male 55,718/female 111,666) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 41.2 years
male: 37.7 years
female: 44.5 years (2013 official)

Nomenclature

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Kirovohrad is the center of the Kirovohrads’ka oblast’ (Kirovohrad Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Kirovohrad Oblast, Kirovohradshchyna.

See also

References

  • "Main". Official web-site of the Kirovohrad Oblast State Administration (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 April 2014.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.