Kings Row (TV series)

Kings Row is an hour-long American television period drama which was broadcast on ABC between September 13, 1955 and January 17, 1956 as part of the wheel series Warner Bros. Presents.[1][2] The first of twenty filmed shows produced for ABC, between 1955 and 1963, by Warner Bros Television, under the supervision of executive producer William T. Orr, Kings Row is also the only one among those shows to be structured in the form of a straight drama, rather than as a western or a detective/adventure series which represented 14 of the 20 productions.[3][4]

Kings Row
Also known as''Warner Bros. Presents''
GenreDrama
StarringJack Kelly
Nan Leslie
Robert Horton
Theme music composerMax Steiner (end theme)
Country of originUSA
Original language(s)English
No. of seasons1
No. of episodes7
Production
Executive producer(s)William T. Orr
Producer(s)Roy Huggins
Production location(s)California
Running time60 mins.
Production company(s)Warner Bros. Television
Release
Original networkABC
Picture format1.33:1 monochrome
Audio formatmonaural
First shown inTuesdays at 7:30pm
Original releaseSeptember 13, 1955 
January 17, 1956

Series elements

Based on the 1940 novel by Henry Bellamann and its film version, Kings Row, which was nominated for three Oscars, including Best Picture, at the 15th Academy Awards in March 1943, the TV version starred Jack Kelly,[5] Nan Leslie and Robert Horton, portraying the characters played in the film by Robert Cummings, Ann Sheridan and Ronald Reagan, respectively. It turned out to be the least successful among Orr's twenty ABC series, having been canceled after the production of only seven episodes.[6]

Although the standard length for episodes of hour-long filmed series had subsequently become established at 53 or 54 minutes, the first 23 episodes of Warner Bros. Presents, including all 7 installments of Kings Row, were timed to run 48 minutes, thus enabling Warner Bros Television to run 6-minute segments, hosted by Gig Young,[7][8][9] promoting upcoming Warners films and chatting with stars under contract to the studio.[10]

Background for the creation of the series

German-American novelist Henry Bellamann (birth name Heinrich Hauer Bellamann),[11] whose heritage made him a social outcast in the small Missouri city of Fulton where he was born and raised, channeled the bitter memories of his youth into the bestselling novel, Kings Row,[12][13] copyrighted in 1940 and published in 1941 by Simon and Schuster.[14] The rights to the novel, which chronicles moral decay in a fictional midwestern town at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, were immediately purchased by Warner Bros.,[15] which put the film version into production between August and October 1941, with the New York City premiere receiving publicity on February 2, 1942. In addition to the Oscar nomination for Best Picture, the film also earned a Best Director nomination for Sam Wood and Best Cinematographer, Black-and-White nomination for James Wong Howe.

More than a decade later, Warner Bros Television chose its Best Picture nominees for 1942, Kings Row (the studio had one other nominee, Yankee Doodle Dandy) and 1943, Casablanca (in addition to the winner, Warners had a second nominee, Watch on the Rhine), as television's initial two series to be directly derived from theatrical films. The third rotating element of Warner Bros. Presents, Cheyenne, the first of seven westerns produced for ABC, was a non-directly-derivative concept (Warners 1947 western, Cheyenne has no connection to the series) which also made history as TV's first hour-long western and also the first western series made for adults, rather than children, who had been watching such half-hour series as The Lone Ranger and The Cisco Kid since the earliest years of full-schedule TV programming. Analogous to the abbreviated time allotted for Kings Row, 8 of Casablanca's 10 installments and 8 of Cheyenne's 15 installments were also 48 minutes in length.[16]

Social historian Otto Friedrich, in his 1986 book, City of Nets: A Portrait of Hollywood in the 1940's, describes the town which, at the beginning of the 1942 film, characterizes itself on a billboard in these words: "Kings Row 1890 — A Good Town — A Good Clean Town — A Good Town to Live In and a good place to Raise Your Children", as a "roiling inferno of fraud, corruption, treachery, hypocrisy, class warfare, and ill-suppressed sex of all varieties: adultery, sadism, homosexuality, incest."[17]

Kings Row, the series

The elements which made the 1942 film difficult to be accepted by Hollywood's Production Code Authority were nowhere in evidence as the TV version went into production.[18] The stories were molded into the style of standard TV drama of the period, omitting any mention of themes which would have been considered inappropriate for an early-evening audience. Actor Paul Stewart, assigned to direct the first episode, told columnist Bob Thomas that "the company will rehearse five days and shoot five days for the 48-minute dramas". "Everything is done in the authentic 1905 era", he remarked, "Some of the stuff is fabulous. I'd estimate we have $30,000 worth of furnishings here. Then we have an exterior set on the back lot of a Midwestern town".[19]

Series characters

Parris Mitchell, portrayed by Jack Kelly, is the central personality who interacts with the conflicts in each episode's storylines, while Randy (Nan Leslie) and Drake (Robert Horton) are positioned as important supporting characters. Other characters from the book, including Dr. Henry Gordon, portrayed by Robert Burton, and Dr. Alexander Tower, portrayed by former second-tier film star Victor Jory, shorn of any unacceptably negative traits that their characters have in the novel and in the film, appear intermittently in the series. Tower becomes the central focus of the storyline in episode 5, "Introduction to Erica".[20] Lillian Bronson, as Parris' grandmother, is retained as a semi-regular in the series.

The four top-billed roles in the 1942 film are played by Ann Sheridan as Randy Monaghan, the girl from the "wrong side of the tracks", Robert Cummings as Parris Mitchell, who becomes a psychiatrist, Ronald Reagan as Drake McHugh, an orphan with an inheritance, and Betty Field as Cassandra Tower, the mysterious daughter of one of town's doctors. Cassandra, who dies in the film as a result of murder-suicide committed by her father, does not appear in the series. Billed fifth and sixth in the film are the town's two physicians, the sadistic Dr. Henry Gordon (Charles Coburn) and Cassandra's father, Dr. Alexander Tower (Claude Rains), who has an incestuous relationship with his daughter in the book, and keeps secret her inherited insanity in the film. One additional character in the film, Parris' French grandmother (Maria Ouspenskaya), dies from cancer while under Dr. Gordon's care at film's midpoint.

Episodes

No. Title Directed by Written by Guest cast Original air date
1"Lady in Fear"Paul StewartJameson BrewerRussell Johnson…...Mark, Peggy Webber…...Eloise, George Chandler…...Carstairs, Myrna Fahey…...Renee, Jack Macy…...SkeffingtonSeptember 13, 1955 (1955-09-13)

Parris Mitchell (Jack Kelly) spent years in Vienna studying to become a psychiatrist. Returning to his hometown of Kings Row to set up a practice, he finds the place mistrustful and prejudiced. His attempts to help Eloise resolve problems with her husband Mark (Russell Johnson) meet with resistance.[21]

In the promotional segment, host Gig Young interviews Alan Ladd and June Allyson about the upcoming release of their Warners film The McConnell Story.
2"Two of a Kind"Richard L. BareCharles LangWallace Ford…...Uncle Ezra, Peter Votrian…...TimOctober 4, 1955 (1955-10-04)

Dr. Mitchell tries to help thirteen-year-old Tim Browton (Peter Votrian) who has been branded a juvenile delinquent. The tall tales spun by glib old man Ezra Sligo (Wallace Ford) help Tim to overcome traumatic memories and become convinced that the elderly talker is an old-time hero.[22]

In the promotional segment, Gig Young talks to John Wayne and Lauren Bacall on the set of their new Warners film Blood Alley.
3"Ellie (a/k/a Possessive Love)"Paul StewartRichard Morris; story by Roy HugginsJoy Page…...Ellie, Kathryn Givney…...Millicent BanningOctober 25, 1955 (1955-10-25)

Dr. Mitchell's patient, Ellie (Joy Page), suffers emotional problems as a result of lifelong domination by her mother Millicent (Kathryn Givney)

  • Note: actress Joy Page was the stepdaughter of Warners studio head Jack L. Warner and was married to Warner Bros Television executive producer William T. Orr

In the promotional segment, Gig Young talks to Jack Palance and Shelley Winters on the set of their new Warners film I Died a Thousand Times.

4"Mail Order Bride"TBATBALee Patrick……Mrs. Johnson, Rhys Williams…...Kevin MonaghanNovember 15, 1955 (1955-11-15)

The widowed father (Rhys Williams) of Randy (series regular Nan Leslie) has entered into a lonelyhearts correspondence with a seemingly younger woman (Lee Patrick) and decides to send for her, along with his offer of marriage. Upon her arrival, however, she exhibits signs of being a confidence woman.[23]

In the promotional segment, Gig Young interviews Jack Palance on the set of his Warners film I Died a Thousand Times.
5"Introduction to Erica"Paul StewartKenneth HigginsMaria Palmer……Erica Schiller, John Alderson……Mike Polich, Isa Ashdown……Child, Nadine Ashdown……ChildDecember 6, 1955 (1955-12-06)

Rigidly old-fashioned Doctor Tower (Victor Jory) receives, as a guest from Germany, a beautiful young widow (Maria Palmer) who proposes marriage. She soon becomes unhappy, however, when gossiping townspeople start spreading rumors regarding her relationship with the doctor.[24]

In the promotional segment, Gig Young interviews Liberace on the set of his Warners film Sincerely Yours.
6"Wedding Gift"TBATBADennis Hopper……Ted Monaghan, Natalie Wood……Renee GyllinsonDecember 27, 1955 (1955-12-27)
After his discharge from the military, Tod Monaghan (Dennis Hopper) becomes unhappy due to perception that his fiancee Renee Gyllinson (Natalie Wood) is running his life.
7"Carnival"TBATBADennis Hopper……Ted Monaghan, Natalie Wood……Renee Gyllinson, Sydney Chaplin……Tiger Hudson, Maggie Mahoney……Louise Thornton, Claire Kelly……Little EgyptJanuary 17, 1955 (1955-01-17)
A glib carnival announcer is planning a relationship with one of King Row's socially connected women. His dancer girlfriend at the carnival plans revenge.

Sources

  • Anderson, Christopher. Hollywood TV: The Studio System in the Fifties. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1994.
  • Balio, Tino, editor. Hollywood in the Age of Television. Boston: Unwin, Hyman, 1990.
  • Woolley, Lynn; Malsbary, Robert W. and Strange, Robert G., Jr. Warner Brothers Television: Every Show of the Fifties and Sixties, Episode by Episode. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 1985.

References

  1. "Warner Brothers Presents / U.S. Dramatic Series" (The Museum of Broadcasting Communications — Encyclopedia of Television)
  2. "Warner Bros. Presents" at the Square One website
  3. Paietta, Ann Catherine and Kauppila, Jean L. Health Professionals on Screen. Scarecrow Press, 1999
  4. Brodie, Douglas. Shooting Stars of the Small Screen: Encyclopedia of TV Western Actors, 1946–Present. University of Texas Press, 2010
  5. "Jack Kelly, star of Warners' Kings Row ABC-TV series, isn't letting the current Hollywood heat wave get him down" (The Montreal Gazette, August 13, 1955, page 23)
  6. Johnson, Erskine. "Hollywood Notes / "Kings Row" is fading off TV in the Warner Bris. Presents stanzas but Jack Kelly isn't" (Lakeland Ledger, June 4, 1956, page 4)
  7. Robinson, Johnny. "Video Versions / Gig Young, emcee of 'Warner Brothers Presents' which had its debut last night…" (Lewiston Evening Journal, September 14, 1955, page 22)
  8. "WISN–TV New Look for Fall" (The Milwaukee Sentinel, September 18, 1955, page 10)
  9. Thomas, Bob. "Movie–TV Talk / Gig Young Glad He Said No" (Daytona Beach Morning Journal, November 24, 1964, page 4)
  10. Peterson, Bettelou. "Television Had Its Own 'King's Row'" (The Evening Independent {St. Petersburg}, June 25, 1981, page 10B)
  11. LRampey. Web page dedicated to the life and work of Henry Bellamann
  12. Northway, Martin. "Tragic Consequences: Fulton, Missouri set the stage for the Henry Bellamann novel “Kings Row” and a future for a young Ronald Reagan" (Newcity Lit, September 30, 2011)
  13. Ball, Karen {Associated Press}. "Attitudes towards book have softened" (The Item {Sumter, South Carolina}, October 18, 1987, page 6C)
  14. Front cover of the first edition of Kings Row
  15. Parsons, Louella. "Another Tearjerker for La Davis / Devil's Island Is Setting for New Novel / Another deal which Jack Warner set yesterday was the signing of Sam Wood, top director, for 'King's Row.'" (The Deseret News, February 4, 1941, page 15)
  16. "Hollywood Relents / Movies in TV Picture" (Milwaukee Sentinel TeleScope Magazine, September 18, 1955, page 41)
  17. Friedrich, Otto (1986). City of Nets: A Portrait of Hollywood in the 1940s. University of California Press (1997 reprint). pp. 86–89
  18. Fanning, Win. "Radio and TV / Some Notes on Things to Come" (Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 29, 1955, page 31)
  19. Thomas, Bob. "Warner Bros. Launch Filming of 'Kings Row' Series for TV" (Reading Eagle, June 26, 1955, page 35)
  20. Manners, Dorothy. "Folksy 'Little Britches' Before Cameras Soon / Victor Jory who hasn't been in Hollywood in two years (TV in New York) returns to play Dr. Towers in Warners TV serial, 'Kings Row'" (Milwaukee Sentinel, June 28, 1955, page 6, Part 2)
  21. "Saturday Show: 'Lady in Fear', Jack Kelly, Nan Leslie (Ocala Star-Banner All-Florida–TV Week Magazine, August 14, 1960, page 10)
  22. "The Saturday Film: starring Wallace Ford in 'Two of a Kind' directed by Paul Stewart (BBC Television, 11 April 1959)
  23. "Mail Bride: Lee Patrick is the 'mail order' bride who starts things stirring in "Kings Row" on Warner Bros. Presents tonight at 6:30 over WISN-TV. Miss Patrick co-stars with Rhys Williams, who plays the part of the lonely railroad man who courts her (Milwaukee Sentinel, November 15, 1955, page 12, part 1)
  24. "Hour of Stars: Victor Jory, Maria Palmer and Jack Kelly in 'Introduction to Erica'" (The Miami News, November 9, 1961, page 3B)
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