The KiHa 52 (キハ52形 Kiha-gojūni-gata) is a Japanese Diesel Multiple Unit (DMU) type formerly operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR), JR Group companies, and later by the private operator Isumi Railway in Japan, Myanmar Railways, and Philippine National Railways (PNR).
KiHa 52 in old JNR Two tone vermilion and beige livery
|Number in service||Japan|
:1 (Isumi Railways)
1 (Philippine National Railways)
|Number preserved||3 (KiHa 52-115; 52-130; 52-156)|
|Number scrapped||105 vehicles|
|Fleet numbers||KiHa 52 1 - 56|
KiHa 52 101 - 156
JR East (1987–2010)
JR West (1987–2010)
Myanmar Railways (2007–2016)
Isumi Railway Company (2011–present)
Philippine National Railways (2012–present)
|Line(s) served||Metro South Commuter|
Mayon Limited (currently Isarog Limited Express)
|Car body construction||Steel|
|Doors||2 single-leaf sliding doors per side|
|Coupling system||AAR coupler|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
112 KiHa 52 cars were built for Japanese National Railways between 1958 and 1966. The design was based on the KiHa 20 series "general purpose" DMU type, but with two engines for use on mountainous lines.
JR-era regional liveries
Following withdrawal of the last remaining examples operated by JR-West, one car, KiHa 52 125, was resold to the private operator Isumi Railway in Chiba Prefecture in April 2011. This unit was built in 1965, and formerly operated on the Etsumi-Hoku Line and Ōito Line in the Hokuriku region until 2010.
Seventeen former KiHa 52 Diesel Railcars were shipped to Myanmar to be operated by Myanmar Railways between 2007 and 2008. The following cars were transferred to Myanmar as shown:
|Former Body Number of JR Group||RBE Body Number by Myanmar Railways|
|KiHa 52-108||RBE 5001|
|KiHa 52-109||RBE 5002|
|KiHa 52-110||RBE 5011|
|KiHa 52-126||RBE 5003|
|KiHa 52-141||RBE 5012|
|KiHa 52-143||RBE 5004|
|KiHa 52-144||RBE 5005|
|KiHa 52-145||RBE 5006|
|KiHa 52-146||RBE 5013|
|KiHa 52-147||RBE 5014|
|KiHa 52-148||RBE 5015|
|KiHa 52-149||RBE 5016|
|KiHa 52-151||RBE 5007|
|KiHa 52-152||RBE 5008|
|KiHa 52-153||RBE 5009|
|KiHa 52-154||RBE 5017|
|KiHa 52-155||RBE 5018|
Seven former JR East KiHa 52 cars originally based at JR East Niitsu Transportation Zone were donated in September 2011 to the Philippine National Railways (PNR), where they are used on commuter services in the Manila area.
As of October 2013, the trains are normally operated as two 3-car formations. The seventh car, KiHa 52 123, in Niigata livery, was taken out of service after operating for only seven months, and is stored at Tutuban Depot as a source of spare parts for the rest of the fleet.
The two three-car sets are referred to as "KiHa-O" (for orange) and "KiHa-B" (for blue), reflecting the liveries they carry, and are formed as shown below, with cars 52-137 and 52-102 at the Alabang end, as shown below.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to JNR Kiha 52.|
- Kusamachi, Yoshikazu (January 29, 2014). いすみ鉄道のキハ52、3月から「首都圏色」に [Isumi Railway's KiHa 52 to be repainted into Metropolitan Livery from March]. Response (in Japanese). Retrieved June 14, 2014.
- JR全車輛ハンドブック'92 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 1992]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 1992. p. 296.
- Saito, Miko (March 2014). フィリピン国鉄南方線の日本型車両 [Japanese rolling stock on the PNR Southern Line]. The Railway Pictorial (in Japanese). 64 (887): 64–72.
- Sasada, Masahiro (25 November 2014). 国鉄&jr 保存車大全 2015-2016 国鉄&JR保存車大全2015-2016 [JNR & JR Preserved Rolling Stock Complete Guide 2015-2016] (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. p. 125. ISBN 978-4863209282.
- ジオステーション ジオパル [Geostation Geopal]. Itoigawa Sightseeing (in Japanese). Japan: Itoigawa Sightseeing Association. Archived from the original on 10 January 2017. Retrieved 10 January 2017.