Khusro Khan

Khusro Khan (also spelled Khusrau Khan or Khusru or Khusraw Khan) was a medieval Indian military leader, and ruler of Delhi as Sultan Nasiruddin Khusrau Shah for a short period of time.

Khusro Khan
Billon 2 gani of Nasir Ud Din Khusro Shah
Sultan of Delhi
Reign1 May − 8 September 1320
PredecessorQutb ud din Mubarak Shah
SuccessorGhiyath al-Din Tughluq
DiedOctober 1320
Delhi, now India
SpouseDeval Devi[1]
HouseDelhi Sultanate


Hasan, later Khusrau Khan, and his uterine brother Husamuddin (or Hisamuddin) were born into a Hindu Kshatriya community called the Baradu, according to Amir Khusrau's Tughluq Nama. They were captured by Ayn al-Mulk Multani in 1305, during the conquest of Malwa.

After being taken to Delhi as slaves, they were brought up by Malik Shadi, the naib-i khas-i hajib (deputy royal chamberlain) to Alauddin Khalji (sultan 1296–1316).

Early career

The conquest of the Deccan by the Delhi Sultanate began in 1296 when Alauddin Khalji raided and plunder Devagiri.[2] Later in that year, Alauddin subsequently murdered his uncle, the reigning sultan, Jalaluddin, and took his place as head of the sultanate.[3] Among Alauddin's subsequent actions, in 1309 he forced the Kakatiya dynasty of Telangana and Coastal Andhra to become subordinate to him.[4]

In 1318, Prataparudra II, the Kakatiya ruler, defied his masters in Delhi by refusing to send the annual tribute expected of him. Alauddin's son Mubarak Shah responded by sending Khusrau Khan, one of his generals, to the Kakatiya capital at what is now Warangal. Khan's force bristled with technology previously unknown in the area, including trebuchet-like machines, and Prataparudra had to submit once more to the sultanate. The amount of his annual tribute was changed, becoming 100 elephants and 13,000 horses.[5]

Brief rule

After Alauddin's death in 1316, Khusrau Khan managed to kill Alauddin's son and successor as sultan, Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah, ending the Khalji dynasty in 1320. Khusro then assumed the throne. He married Deval Devi.[6] Khusro in turn was captured by the governor of Dipalpur, Ghiyath al-Din Tughluq, after being defeated in the battle of Hauz e Alaai (Hauz Khas) and beheaded in September 1320.[7]



  1. Maurya, Sudheer. Deval Devi : eak etihasik Upnyas (in Hindi). ISBN 9788190786645.
  2. Asher & Talbot (2006), p. 35
  3. Jackson (2003), p. 56
  4. Eaton (2005), pp. 17–18
  5. Eaton (2005), pp. 18–19
  6. Maurya, Sudheer. Deval Devi : eak etihasik Upnyas (in Hindi). ISBN 9788190786645.
  7. Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 88–89. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.


Preceded by
Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah,
Khalji dynasty
Sultan of Delhi Succeeded by
Ghiyas ud-Din Tughluq,
Tughluq dynasty
Khusrau Khan (1320)
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