Khevenhüller is the name of a Carinthian noble family, documented there since 1356, with its ancestral seat at Landskron Castle. In the 16th century, the family split into the two branches of Khevenhüller-Frankenburg, Imperial Counts (i.e. immediate counts of the Holy Roman Empire) from 1593, and Khevenhüller-Hochosterwitz, raised to Imperial Counts in 1725 and, as Khevenhüller-Metsch, to princely rank (Fürsten) in 1763. The family belongs to high nobility.
|Current head||Johannes Khevenhüller-Metsch|
The noble family originally possibly originated in Kevenhüll (today part of Beilngries) in Franconia; they were vassals of the Bishops of Bamberg, who had received large estates in Carinthia from the hands of King Henry II of Germany in 1007. The earliest mention refers to one Ulreich dem Chevenhuelaer in a 1330 deed. In Carinthia, an continuous line descends from one Johann I (Hans) Khevenhüller, who died in 1356 and was the son-in-law of Richard I von Khünburg and Elisabeth von Himmelberg, both from Carinthia.
Johann IV von Khevenhüller zu Aichelberg (born ca 1420-1462) was the first to hold the family title "of Aichelberg", yet Johann V Khevenhüller (died 1462), son of Wilhelm II Khevenhüller and Margareta von Auersperg, was Burgrave of Federaun, whereas his son, Augustin Khevenhüller, who died 1516, is referred to as Herr (i.e. Lord) of Hardegg. His mother was one "Miss" von Lindegg, who together with her grandson Sigismund III, Herr Khevenhüller in Hohen-Osterwitz (1507–1558) appears among the ancestors of Prince Charles. Her youngest grandson, Bernard von Khevenhüller (1511–1548) was "Herr auf Sternberg and Hohenwart"; her eldest grandson, Christoph Khevenhüller (1503–1557) was Lord of Aichelberg.
The steep rise of the House of Khevenhüller in Carinthia began when in 1525 Christoph Khevenhüller (1503-57) was appointed castellan of Ortenburg Castle near Spittal an der Drau and married a wealthy burgher's daughter, Elizabeth Mansdorfer.
Her wealth enabled him to acquire a number of properties in Carinthia such as the castles of Aichelberg, Ortenburg, Sommeregg, Hochosterwitz and Landskron as well as the iron mine of Eisentratten near Gmünd. Like the majority of the Carinthian Estates
Christoph Khevenhüller became a Lutheran Protestant. Of Christoph Khevenhüller's s three sons, Hans, Moritz and Bartlmä, two were politically and economically most successful, thus furthering the rise of the family:
Hans Khevenhüller (1538–1606) became the Legate of the Holy Roman Emperor at the Spanish court, an office that he held for 26 years. Educated at the University of Padua, he knew Latin and Italian. He was appointed Imperial Chamberlain, was made a Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1587 and a count in 1593, a rank that upon his death passed on to his brother Bartlmä. During his lifetime, he sought and collected animals and plants of economic importance from many parts of the world.
The activities of Bartlmä Khevenhüller (1539–1613) centred on Carinthia. Styling himself "Freiherr auf Landskron and Wernberg" he made it to Burggrave und Speaker of the Estates, and managed to make the Khevenhüller family one of the wealthiest in the German Reich. He also figured as the head of the Protestants in Carinthia.
When in the course of the counter-reformation Emperor Ferdinand II abolished the nobility's religious freedom in the Habsburg lands, the Protestant members of the Khevenhüller family were forced to abandon their possessions in Carinthia and emigrated to Germany in 1628. Among these was also the great-grandmother of Nicolaus Ludwig Reichsgraf von Zinzendorf und Pottendorf of the Moravian Church or Herrnhuter Brüdergemeine. Interrelation with the noble Saxonian Metzsch family began that led to the Khevenhüller-Metsch branch, which later also spread to Spain where as marquesses and dukes they became Grandees of Spain.
A Protestant, Paul Khevenhüller (1593–1655) sided with the Swedish king during the Thirty Years' War lending Gustav Adolf 70 000 Swedish riksdalers to finance the war. After the king's death the Swedish state was incapable of repaying the loan and compensated the lender with the property of Julita Gård in Södermanland, which remained the residence of his descendants late into the 19th century.
Notable members of the House of Khevenhüller
- Ulrich Khevenhüller (b. ca. 1430–1492), youngest son of Hans II Khevenhüller, knight
- George Khevenhüller (1533–1587), "State Captain", i.e. governor of the Duchy of Carinthia.
- Hans Graf Khevenhüller-Frankenburg (1538–1606), Imperial ambassador to the Spanish Court.
- Franz Christoph Graf von Khevenhüller-Frankenburg (1588–1650), Imperial ambassador to the Spanish Court
- Paul Khevenhüller (1593–1655), financier of the Swedish king in the Thirty Years' War
- Sigmund Friedrich von Khevenhüller (1666–1742), governor of the Duchy of Carinthia, vicegerent of the Duchy of Lower Austria.
- Ludwig Andreas Khevenhüller Graf von Aichelberg-Frankenburg (1683–1744), Austrian field marshal
- Johann Joseph Fürst Khevenhüller-Metsch (1706–1776), Lord Great Chamberlain ("Oberstkämmerer") of Maria Theresa
- Johann Carl Khevenhüller (1839–1905), member of Maximilian I of Mexico's corps of volunteers
Princes of Khevenhüller-Metsch
- Johann Joseph Khevenhüller-Metsch (1706–1776), son of the former, 1763 Prince von Khevenhüller-Metsch; married to Karolina Maria Augustina Countess von Metsch, daughter of Count Johann Adolf
- Johann Sigismund Friedrich (1732–1801), son of the former, 2nd Prince von Khevenhüller-Metsch; ∞ I Maria Amalia Susanna, Princess of Liechtenstein, daughter of Prince Emanuel; married to II Marie Josephine Henriette Barbara Countess of Strassoldo, daughter of Vinzenz
- Karl Maria Joseph Johann Baptist Clemens (1756–1823), son of the former, 3rd Prince von Khevenhüller-Metsch; married to Therese Countess Morzin, daughter of Karl Joseph
- Franz Maria Johann Joseph Hermann (1762–1837), brother of the former, 4th Prince von Khevenhüller-Metsch; married to I Maria Elisabeth Countess of Kuefstein, daughter of Johann Adam; married to II Maria Josepha Countess of Abensberg and Traun, daughter of Otto; married to III Christina Countess Zichy of Zich and Vasonykeö, daughter of Karl
- Richard Maria Johann Basil (1813–1877), son of the former, 5th Prince zu Khevenhüller-Metsch; married to Antonia Maria Countess Lichnowsky, daughter of Prince Eduard
- Johannes Franz Karl Eduard Joseph Nemesius (1839–1905), son of the former, 6th Prince zu Khevenhüller-Metsch; married to Eduardine Countess von Clam-Gallas, daughter of Eduard
- Anton Sigismund Joseph Maria (1873–1945), nephew of the former, until 1919 (abolition of aristocratic titles) the 7th Prince zu Khevenhüller-Metsch; married to Gabriele Countess von Mensdorff-Pouilly
- Franz Khevenhüller-Metsch (1889–1977); married to Anna Princess zu Fürstenberg (1894–1928), daughter of Maximilian Egon Prince zu Fürstenberg
- Maximilian Khevenhüller-Metsch (1919–2010) married to Wilhelmine Gräfin Henckel von Donnersmarck (born 1932), daughter of Lazarus Graf Henckel von Donnersmarck (1902–1991) and Franziska Gräfin von und zu Eltz (1905–1997)
- Johannes Khevenhüller-Metsch (born 1956); married to Donna Camilla Borghese dei Principi di Nettuno (born 1962)
Current head of the Khevenhüller-Metsch family
- Johannes Khevenhüller-Metsch (born as Maria Johannes Franz Xaver Lazarus Maximilian Felix Hubertus 10e Fürst von Khevenhüller-Metsch; 1956); married to Donna Camilla Borghese dei Principi di Nettuno (born 1962)
- Maximilian, 9th Prince 1977-2010 (1919-2010)
- Johannes, 10th Prince 2010-present (b.1956)
- Prince Bartholomäus (b.1958)
- Prince Ludwig (b.1988)
- Prince Philipp (b.1998)
- Prince Karl (b.1959)
- Prince Maximilian (b.1993)
- Prince Franz (b.1995)
- Prince Sigismund (b.1997)
- Prince Georg (b.1960)
- Don Camillo Ruspoli y Khevenhüller-Metsch, Duke of Sueca (1788–1864), married Carlota de Godoy, 2nd Duchess of Sueca
- Don Adolfo Ruspoli, 2nd Duke of Alcudia (1822–1914), Grandee of Spain First Class
- Don Luigi Ruspoli, 3rd Marquis of Boadilla del Monte (1828–1893)
- Line of succession to the British throne:
- Countess Hemma von Khevenhüller-Metsch (born 1994)
- Countess Teresa von Khevenhüller-Metsch (born 1996)
- Collegium es nobilis Austriae: Khevenhüller-Metsch Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine
- Our... Ancestors - Person Page 3739
- Marek, Miroslav. "Euweb: Khevenhüller family". Genealogy EU.
- Our ...Ancestors Person Page 3734
- Gerald Paget, The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, S1157, S11572, vol. II, pp. 239 and 378
- Gschwend, Annemarie Jordan (2018). "The Emperor's Exotic and New World Animals: Hans Khevenhüller and the Habsburg Menageries in Vienna and Prague". In MacGregor, Arthur (ed.). Naturalists in the Field. Collecting, Recording and Preserving the Natural World from the Fifteenth to the Twenty-First Century. Leiden: Brill. pp. 76–103.
- often incorr. called ″vice-regent". The Cassell English Dictionary, London 1990, p. 1469
- Online Gotha
- Bernhard Czerwenka, Die Khevenhüller, Vienna: Braumüller, 1867.
- Karl Dinklage, Kärnten um 1620. Die Bilder der Khevenhüllerchronik, Vienna: Edition Tusch, 1980.
- Franz Müllner,Johann Carl Fürst Khevenhüller-Metsch, ein Kampfgefährte Kaiser Maximilians von Mexiko. In Maximilian von Mexiko 1832-1867, Vienna: Enzenhofer, 1974.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Khevenhüller family.|
- Burg Hochosterwitz
- Website of Hochosterwitz Castle (owned by the princely family of Khevenhüller-Metsch)
- Collegium es nobilis Austriae: Khevenhüller-Metsch
- Marek, Miroslav. "Euweb: Khevenhüller genealogy". Genealogy EU.
- Early Khevenhüllers
- Marek, Miroslav. "Genealogy Ruspoli y Khevenhüller-Metsch". Genealogy EU.