Kherson Oblast

Kherson Oblast (Ukrainian: Херсонська область, translit. Khersons’ka oblast’; also referred to as KhersonshchynaUkrainian: Херсонщина) is an oblast (province) in southern Ukraine, just north of Crimea. Its administrative center is Kherson. The area of the region is 28,461 km². Population: 1,062,356(2015 est.)[2] This is considered to be the 'fruit basket' of the country, as many of the oblast's agricultural production is dispersed throughout the country, with production peaking during the summer months.

Kherson Oblast

Херсонська область
Khersons’ka oblast’

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Херсонщина (Khersonshchyna)
Country Ukraine
Administrative centerKherson
Government
  GovernorYurii Husiev[1] (Servant of the People)
  Oblast council64 seats
  ChairpersonVladyslav Manger
Area
  Total28,461 km2 (10,989 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
  Total1,062,356
  RankRanked 22nd
  Density37/km2 (97/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code+380-55
ISO 3166 codeUA-65
Vehicle registrationВT
Raions18
Cities (total)9
 Regional cities3
Urban-type settlements30
Villages658
FIPS 10-4UP08
Websitewww.oda.kherson.ua

Important cities in the oblast include:

Geography

The Kherson Oblast is bordered by Dnipropetrovsk Oblast on the north, the Black Sea and the disputed region of Crimea on the south, Mykolaiv Oblast on the west, and the Azov Sea and Zaporizhzhia Oblast on the east.

The Dnieper River runs through the oblast which includes the Kakhovka Reservoir.

The oblast includes (within Henichesk Raion) the northern portion of the Arabat Spit, a thin strip of land between the brackish Syvash and the Sea of Azov that is geographically part of the Crimean Peninsula. Due to Russia gaining de facto control of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in 2014 the southern areas of Kherson are the only parts of the Crimean Peninsula under direct Ukrainian control.

Administrative divisions

The Kherson Oblast is administratively subdivided into 18 raions (districts) and 3 municipalities which are directly subordinate to the oblast government - Kherson (administrative center of the oblast), Nova Kakhovka, and Kakhovka. The Kherson municipality is subdivided into 3 urban districts. All information below is current as of 2015[3]

NameUkrainian nameArea
(km2)
Population
2015
Admin.centerUrban Population Only
KhersonХерсон (місто)423333,737Kherson322,260
Hola PrystanГола Пристань (місто)914,883Hola Prystan14,568
Nova KakhovkaНова Каховкa (місто)22368,205Nova Kakhovka62,128
KakhovkaКаховкa(місто)1636,958Kakhovka36,958
Beryslav RaionБериславський (район)1,72148,025Beryslav16,682
Bilozerka RaionБілозерський (район)1,53466,564Bilozerka9,739
Chaplynka RaionЧаплинський (район)1,72235,219Chaplynka12,638
Henichesk RaionГенічеський (район)3,00859,991Henichesk33,748
Hola Prystan RaionГолопристанський (район)3,41145,827Hola Prystan14,666
Hornostaivka RaionГорностаївський (район)1,01819,788Hornostaivka6,681
Ivanivka RaionІванівський (район)1,12013,995Ivanivka4,560
Kalanchak RaionКаланчацький (район)91621,568Kalanchak11,169
Kakhovka RaionКаховський (район)1,45035,968KakhovkaN/A *
Novotroitske RaionНовотроїцький (район)2,29835,921Novotroitske14,979
Novovorontsovka RaionНововоронцовський (район)1,00521,442Novovorontsovka6,379
Nyzhni Sirohozy RaionНижньосірогозький (район)1,20915,985Nyzhni Sirohozy4,891
Oleshky RaionОлешківський (район)1,75971,888Oleshky36,317
Skadovsk RaionСкадовський (район)1,45647,930Skadovsk21,830
Velyka Lepetykha RaionВеликолепетиський (район)1,00016,827Velyka Lepetykha8,326
Velyka Oleksandrivka RaionВеликоолександрівський (район)1,54025,948Velyka Oleksandrivka9,747
Verkhniy Rohachyk RaionВерхньорогачицький (район)91512,003Verkhniy Rohachyk5,698
Vysokopillia RaionВисокопільський (район)70115,121Vysokopillia6,148

.* Note: Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

At a lower level of administration, these district-level administrations are subdivided into:

The local administration of the oblast' is controlled by the Kherson Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Kherson Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Demographics

The population of the oblast is 1,083,367 (2012), which is 2.4% of the total population of Ukraine. It is also ranked 21st by its population. The population density is 38 per km².

About 61.5% or 745,400 people live in urban areas of the Oblast and 38.5% or 467,600 people live in agricultural centers/villages. Men make up 46.7% or 565,400 people of the population, women make up 53.3% or 644,600 people, and pensioners make up 26.2% or 317,400 people of the Oblast population.

Ukrainian National Census (2001):

Age structure

0-14 years: 15.1% (male 83,397/female 79,303)
15-64 years: 70.5% (male 364,907/female 393,933)
65 years and over: 14.4% (male 50,404/female 104,856) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 39.5 years
male: 36.2 years
female: 42.7 years (2013 official)

Attractions

  • Askania-Nova
  • Legendary tachanka monument
  • Kurhan cemetery
  • Shovkunek Art museum
  • Saint Yekaterynian Temple

Public opinion

During the 1991 referendum, 90.13% of votes in Kherson Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology found 1% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 94.9% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond.[4]

See also

References

  1. "President appointed Yurii Husiev to the post of Kherson RSA". president.gov.ua. 13 July 2019. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
  2. "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  3. "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  4. Лише 3% українців хочуть приєднання їх області до Росії [Only 3% of Ukrainians want their region to become part of Russia]. Dzerkalo Tyzhnia (in Ukrainian). 3 January 2015.

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.