|Khaya senegalensis in habitat|
|Scientific classification |
The leaves are pinnate, with 4-6 pairs of leaflets, the terminal leaflet absent; each leaflet is 10–15 cm long abruptly rounded toward the apex but often with an acuminate tip. The leaves can be either deciduous or evergreen depending on the species. The flowers are produced in loose inflorescences, each flower small, with four or five yellowish petals and ten stamens. The fruit is a globose four or five-valved capsule 5–8 cm diameter, containing numerous winged seeds.
The timber of Khaya is called "African mahogany", with properties generally regarded as the closest to genuine mahogany.
Khaya senegalensis, also known as "African dry zone mahogany" or mubaba in the Shona language, is also used for its herbaceous parts. In west Africa, Fulani herdmen prune the tree during the dry season to feed cattle. In addition, the bark of K. senegalensis is often harvested from natural populations as well as plantations and used to treat many diseases. The seeds of K. senegalensis have an oil content of 52.5%, consisting of 21% palmitic acid, 10% stearic acid, 65% oleic acid, and 4% "unidentifiable acid"
- African Mahogany - The Wood Database
- Mahogany Mixups: the Lowdown - The Wood Database
- Okieimen, F.E; Eromosele, C.O (1999). "Fatty acid composition of the seed oil of Khaya senegalensis". Bioresource Technology. 69 (3): 279–280. doi:10.1016/S0960-8524(98)00190-4.
- Joffe, Pitta: (2007), Indigenous Plants of South Africa, Briza Publications, pg 123