The Kh-29 (Russian: Х-29; NATO: AS-14 'Kedge'; GRAU: 9M721) is a Soviet air-to-surface missile with a range of 10–30 km. It has a large warhead of 320 kg, has a choice of laser, infrared, active radar or TV guidance, and is typically carried by tactical aircraft such as the Su-24, Su-30, MiG-29K as well as the "T/TM" models of the Su-25, giving that craft an expanded standoff capability.
| Kh-29 |
(NATO reporting name: AS-14 'Kedge')
Side-view of Kh-29D.
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Used by||Warsaw Pact, China, India, Iraq|
Second Libyan Civil War
Russian-led military intervention in Syria
Syrian Civil War
Georgiy I. Khokhlov
|Manufacturer||Vympel / Tactical Missiles Corporation|
|Mass||Kh-29L :660 kg (1,460 lb) |
Kh-29T :685 kg (1,510 lb)
Kh-29TE :690 kg (1,520 lb)
|Length||Kh-29L/T :390 cm (12 ft 10 in)|
Kh-29TE :387.5 cm (12 ft 9 in)
|Diameter||38.0 cm (15.0 in)|
|Warhead weight||320 kg (705 lb)|
|Engine||Fixed thrust solid fuel rocket|
|Wingspan||110 cm (43 in)|
|Kh-29L :10 km (5.4 nmi)|
Kh-29T :12 km (6.5 nmi)
Kh-29TE :30 km (16 nmi)
|Speed||1,470 km/h (910 mph)|
Kh-29ML: 900–1,260 km/h (560–780 mph)
|Kh-29L: semi-active laser guidance|
Kh-29T/TE : passive homing TV guidance
Kh-29D : infrared homing guidance (IIR)
Kh-29MP : active radar homing
|Kh-29L&T: MiG-27K, MiG-29M,|
Su-27UB, Su-30MK, Su-39
Mirage F1E, Su-17/22, Su-24, Su-33, Su-34, Su-37
The Kh-29 is intended for primary use against larger battlefield targets and infrastructure such as industrial buildings, depots and bridges, but can also be used against ships up to 10,000 tonnes, hardened aircraft shelters and concrete runways.
Design started in the late 1970s at the Molniya design bureau in Ukraine on what would be their only air-to-ground munition, but when they moved exclusively to space work Vympel took over development of the Kh-29. The first firing of the missile took place in 1976 and after extensive trials the Kh-29 was accepted into service in 1980.
The basic aerodynamic layout of the Kh-29 is similar to the Molniya R-60 (AA-8 'Aphid'), reflecting Molniya's heritage in air-to-air missiles. The laser guidance head came from the Kh-25 (AS-10 'Karen') and the TV guidance from the Kh-59 (AS-13 'Kingbolt'), mated to a large warhead.
It has been compared to the United States' AGM-65 Maverick, but the AGM-65 is a much smaller missile than the Kh-29, and weighs less than half as much.
The Kh-29 entered service with the Soviet Air Force in 1980, and has been widely exported since.
The Kh-29L were used by Sukhoi Su-34 and Su-24 aircraft in the 2015 Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War.
2014 Libyan conflict
Libyan Su-24-borne Kh-29Ts supplied in large quantities to Muammar Gaddafi's Jamahiriya have been used by Islamist factions against pro-government forces around Tripoli during the current low-level civil war (they were seized from Ghardabiya Air Base depots). Their use, however, was in an unguided ground-to-ground role, launched from modified trucks and with their fins and ailerons at the front and back removed for a somewhat more stable flight path.
- Kh-29L (Izdeliye 63, 'Kedge-A') uses semi-active laser seeker and has a range of 8–10 km.
- Kh-29ML is an upgraded version of the Kh-29L.
- Kh-29T (Izdeliye 64, 'Kedge-B') is the TV-guided version which is fitted with automatic optical homing to a distinguishable object indicated by the pilot in the cockpit.
- Kh-29TE is a long-range (30 km) development of the Kh-29T. Minimum range is 3 km; launch altitude is 200-10,000 m.
- Kh-29MP is a third generation guidance variant with active radar homing, making it a fire-and-forget weapon. It has a large 250 kg warhead with 12 km range.
- Kh-29D is the fourth variant of the Kh-29TE which uses infrared imaging guidance.
Russia: Russian Air Force India: Indian Air Force on its Su-30MKIs and Indian Navy on its MiG-29Ks. Algeria: Algerian Air Force Belarus: Belarusian Air Force on its modernized MiG-29BMs. Bulgaria: Bulgarian Air Force on its Su-22M4s, which were withdrawn from service in 2004 and now used only for reconnaissance. Currently used on Su-25. Georgia: Georgian Air Force on its SU-25KM Scorpion Indonesia: TNI-AU = Tentara Nasional Indonesia – Angkatan Udara (Indonesian Air Force) on its Su-30MK2 Iran: Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force on its Su-24 Fencer Libya: Islamist militias Malaysia: Royal Malaysian Air Force People's Republic of China: People's Liberation Army Air Force – received 2,000 Kh-29Ts in 2002 for use on their Su-27SKs, Su-27UBKs, Su-30MKKs, Shenyang J-11s and possibly their JH-7s ('Flounder') and Q-5's ('Fantan'). Poland: Polish Air Force on its on Su-22M4s. Syria: Syrian Air Force Ukraine: Ukrainian Air Force Peru: Peruvian Air Force on its Su-25 Venezuela: Venezuelan Air Force on its Su-30 Vietnam: Vietnam People's Air Force on its Su-30MK2V Yemen: Yemen Air Force
Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovak Air Force – passed onto successor states East Germany: East German Air Force Germany: Phased out after the German reunification Hungary: Hungarian Air Force on Su-22M3s Iraq: Iraqi Air Force – all retired Libyan Arab Jamahiriya: Libyan Air Force – Left without launch platforms after Su-24s were destroyed in the civil war and subsequent NATO bombing. Seized by rebels and militias. Slovakia: Slovak Air Force – Su-22M4s Soviet Union: Soviet Air Force – passed onto successor states
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Vympel Kh-29.|
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