The Raduga Kh-15 or RKV-15 (Russian: Х-15; NATO: AS-16 "Kickback"; GRAU:) is a Russian hypersonic aero-ballistic missile carried by the Tupolev Tu-22M and other bombers. Originally a standoff nuclear weapon similar to the U.S. Air Force's AGM-69 SRAM, versions with conventional warheads have been developed.
| Raduga Kh-15 |
(NATO reporting name: AS-16 'Kickback')
|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Manufacturer||Dubna Machine-building Plant|
|Mass||1,200 kg (2,650 lb)|
|Length||478 cm (15 ft 8 in)|
|Diameter||45.5 cm (17.9 in)|
|Warhead||conventional or nuclear|
|Warhead weight||150 kg (331 lb)|
|Blast yield||300 kt|
|Wingspan||92 cm (36.2 in) maximum|
|300 km (160 nmi)|
|Flight ceiling||40,000 m (130,000 ft)|
|Speed||Up to Mach 5|
|inertial guidance, active radar homing, or anti-radiation missile|
|Su-33, Su-34, Tu-95MS-6, Tu-22M3, and Tu-160|
In 1967, MKB Raduga started developing the Kh-2000 as a replacement for the Kh-22 AS-4 'Kitchen' heavy anti-shipping missile. Development of the Kh-15 started some time in the early 1970s. The sophistication of the design made it suitable for other roles, and a nuclear-tipped version was developed in tandem with the conventionally armed variant. An upgrade under development was cancelled in 1991, but reports in 1998 suggested an upgraded Kh-15 might be fitted to Su-35 (Flanker-E) tactical aircraft.
It entered service in 1980. It can be carried by the Su-33, Su-34, Tu-95MS-6 'Bear-H', Tu-22M3 'Backfire C', and Tu-160 'Blackjack'.
- KSR-5 (AS-6 'Kingfish') - heavy anti-surface missile carried under the wings of Tu-22M
- Kh-59 (AS-13 'Kingbolt') - ASM for tactical aircraft, up to 285 km range
- Kh-37 (updated version of AS-20 'Kayak') - land attack version of subsonic Kh-35 Anti-Ship missile, 250 km range
- AGM-69 SRAM - 1000 kg US missile with up to 170 km range
- "Kh-15, RKV-15 (AS-16 'Kickback')", Jane's Air-Launched Weapons, 2008-08-01, retrieved 2009-02-03
- Kristensen, Hans M.; Korda, Matt (4 March 2019). "Russian nuclear forces, 2019". Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. 75 (2). doi:10.1080/00963402.2019.1580891.
- "Kh-15 (AS-16 'Kickback'/RKV-15)", Jane's Strategic Weapon Systems, 2008-09-02, retrieved 2009-02-06
- "АО "Корпорация Тактическое Ракетное Вооружение"".
- Gordon, Yefim (2004). Soviet/Russian Aircraft Weapons Since World War Two. Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-188-1.