Mataio Kekūanaōʻa (c. 1791 – November 24, 1868), formally referred to as His Honor or His Highness, was a governor of the island of Oʻahu, father of two kings, Kamehameha IV and Kamehameha V, and held the office of Kuhina Nui as did his wife, Kīnaʻu and their daughter, Victoria Kamāmalu. His first name is the Hawaiian form of Matthew. Kekūanaōʻa translates as "the standing projection" in the Hawaiian language.
|Kuhina Nui of the Hawaiian Islands and Governor of Oʻahu|
|Kuhina Nui of the Hawaiian Islands|
|Reign||December 21, 1863 – August 24, 1864|
|Royal Governor of Oʻahu|
|Predecessor||John Adams Kuakini|
|Successor||John Owen Dominis|
|Born||c. January 1791|
|Died||November 24, 1868|
Pakakanene, Honolulu, Oʻahu
|Burial||December 22, 1868|
Ruth Keʻelikōlani (legally recognized)
|House||Mahi, Moana, Kamehameha|
Parentage and early life
Kekūanaōʻa was born sometime around the year 1791. His mother was of Inaina.:223 While an obituary at his death identified his father as Nāhiʻōleʻa, on March 14, 1879 the Hawaiian Supreme court identified Kiʻilaweau as the father of Kekuanaoa in probate using the genealogy books of the royal family, proving a legal bloodline line from Keʻelikōlani back to Kiʻilaweau's grandmother, Moana.
John Papa ʻĪʻī's uncle Nāhiʻōleʻa, the aliʻi that took Kalanikapule's side against Kamehameha I and was killed by his cousins, was listed in the newspaper Ke Au Okoa as Kekūanaōʻa's father; however, in the chant for Nakanealoha, the name of Kiʻilaweau is mentioned as a makua. This makes some believe he had two fathers,:146 a tradition called poʻolua. Kiʻilaweau was an aliʻi of the highest rank. While Kekūanaōʻa's children were not as high ranking as Kamehameha II or Kamehameha III, Kekūanaōʻa descends from Keawehanauikawalu, the son of Lonoikamakahiki, and his line was considered high-ranking.
He was the Royal Governor of Oʻahu 1839–1864. On December 21, 1863 he was made the sixth Kuhina Nui, replacing his daughter who became Crown Princess and heir apparent to the throne. For most of his reign as Kuhina Nui he supported his son Kamehameha V's view of abolishing the position. He held the position until 1864 when the Constitution of 1864 abolished it. He also served as a member of the House of Nobles from 1841–1868, Privy Council 1845–1869, and as President of the Board of Education from 1860. In 1866, Mark Twain wrote of Mataio Kekūanaōʻa: "[A] man of noble presence.." and "[S]eemingly natural and fitted to the place as if he had been born to it...."
He was the punahele, or intimate companion of King Kamehameha II in his youth, and followed him to England where the King and Queen Kamāmalu died of measles in 1824. He was able to escape the sickness and return to Hawaii, stabilizing himself in the court by marrying two wives of his late sovereign. His first marriage to Kalehua was from 1822 to 1825, and the product of this marriage was a son named Paʻaula. He married again to Pauahi, the widow of Kamehameha II. Their marriage lasted only months, from November 1825 to her death in February 1826. He is considered the father of her daughter Princess Ruth Keʻelikōlani.
He remarried Elizabeth Kīnaʻu, another Kamehameha II widow, who ruled as the Kuhina Nui at the time under the name Kaʻahumanu II. From her he fathered David Kamehameha, Moses Kekūāiwa, Lot Kapuāiwa, Alexander Liholiho, and Victoria Kamāmalu. His sons Alexander and Lot would become King Kamehameha IV and King Kamehameha V. His daughter would become the fifth Kuhina Nui as Kaʻahumanu IV. The third marriage lasted from 1827 until Kīnaʻu's death in 1839. After 6 years as a widower he remarried again in 1845, to the High Chiefess Kaloloahilani. The marriage resulted in the birth of a son on November 28, 1846.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kekūanāoʻa.|
- "Death of His Highness Mataio Kekuanaoa". The Pacific Commercial Advertiser. November 28, 1868. Retrieved May 28, 2014.
- David W. Forbes, ed. (2001). Hawaiian national bibliography, 1780–1900. 3. University of Hawaii Press. p. 469. ISBN 0-8248-2503-9.
- Pukui, Mary Kawena; Elbert, Samuel H.; Mookini, Esther T. (1974). Place Names of Hawaii. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-8248-0524-1.
- David W. Forbes (1998). Hawaiian National Bibliography, Vol 3: 1851-1880. University of Hawaii Press. p. 469. ISBN 978-0-8248-2503-4.
- Kristin Zambucka (1977). The High Chiefess, Ruth Keelikolani. Kristin Zambucka Books. p. 13. GGKEY:2LWYXGZDYAZ.
- Abraham Fornander; John F. G. Stokes (1880). An Account of the Polynesian Race: Its Origins and Migrations, and the Ancient History of the Hawaiian People to the Times of Kamehameha I. Trubner & Company.
- Hawaii Reports: Cases Determined in the Supreme Court of the State of Hawaii. Valenti Brothers Graphics. 1893. p. 632.
- John Papa Īī, Mary Kawena Pukui, Dorothy B. Barrère (1983). Fragments of Hawaiian History (2 ed.). Bishop Museum Press. ISBN 0-910240-31-0.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- James L. Haley (November 4, 2014). Captive Paradise: A History of Hawaii. St. Martin's Press. p. 79. ISBN 978-1-4668-5550-2.
- Kawaikaumaiikamakaokaopua, Z. P. K. "Z. P. K. Kawaikaumaiikamakaokaopua's treatise on canoe building, 1922". Nupepa. nupepa-hawaii.com. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
- Edith Kawelohea McKinzie (January 1, 1983). Hawaiian Genealogies: Extracted from Hawaiian Language Newspapers. University of Hawaii Press. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-939154-28-9.
- "Governor of Oahu" (PDF). official archives. State of Hawaii. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 21, 2011. Retrieved October 19, 2009.
- "Kekuanaoa, Mateo office record". official archives. State of Hawaii. Archived from the original on October 7, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2009.
- Mark Twain (1872). "LXVII". Roughing It. David Widger.
- Burl Burlingame (June 27, 2004). "Territorial Office Building is district's underrated gem". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved October 11, 2010.
- Sophia Cracroft, Lady Franklin, Queen Emma of Hawaii (1958). Alfons L. Korn (ed.). The Victorian visitors: an account of the Hawaiian Kingdom, 1861–1866, including the journal letters of Sophia Cracroft: extracts from the journals of Lady Franklin, and diaries and letters of Queen Emma of Hawaii. The University Press of Hawaii. p. 304. ISBN 978-0-87022-421-8.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Mataio Kekūanaōʻa Hawaii Department of Accounting and General Services
- Journal, Amos Starr Cooke, December 1, 1846. Vol. 8, p. 14., Honolulu: Hawaiian Mission Houses Library.
John Adams Kuakini
| Royal Governor of Oʻahu
John Owen Dominis
| Kuhina Nui of the Hawaiian Islands
December 21, 1863 – August 24, 1864