Kazakh Braille

The braille alphabet used for the Kazakh language is based on Russian Braille, with several additional letters found in the print Kazakh alphabet.

Kazakh Braille
Type
alphabet
LanguagesKazakh
Parent systems
Print basis
Kazakh alphabet

Alphabet

Kazakh uses all of the letters of the Russian alphabet, though some just in loans, and has the additional letters ә, ғ, қ, ң, һ, ө, ұ, ү, і.

Printа a ә áб b в vг gғ ǵд dе eё ıoж jз zи ıй ıк k
Braille
Printқ qл lм mн nң ńо oө óп pр rс sт tу ýұ uү ú
Braille
Printф fх hһ hц tsч chш shщъы yі iьэю ıýя ıa
Braille

Apart from і, which once existed in Russian Braille, and ұ, which is the same as the ў of Belarusian Braille (a letter which was used in earlier Kazakh alphabets with the same value), the braille values assigned to the extra Kazakh letters do not follow the assignments of other languages that use the Cyrillic script in print. They also do not follow international norms, apart from ә (Latin ä).

Punctuation

Single punctuation:

Print ,.?!; :
Braille

Paired punctuation:

Kazakh Braille is reported to use the Russian arithmetical parentheses .

Print « ...... » ( ...... )
Braille

Formatting

italicscapitalnumber

See also

References

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