Kato Tithorea

Kato Tithorea (Greek: Κάτω Τιθορέα, Lower Tithorea) is a town in Phthiotis, in central Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Amfikleia-Elateia, of which it is the seat.[2] It has a population 1,841 according to the 2011 Greek census. It is situated on the right bank of the river Cephissus and between the Parnassus and Kallidromo mountains, 11 km east of Amfikleia and 24 km northwest of Livadeia. Nearby places includes Panagitsa (northeast), Agia Paraskevi (southeast) and Tithorea (southwest).

Kato Tithorea

Κάτω Τιθορέα
Kato Tithorea's train station before it was renovated
Kato Tithorea
Coordinates: 38°36′N 22°43′E
CountryGreece
Administrative regionCentral Greece
Regional unitPhthiotis
MunicipalityAmfikleia-Elateia
Municipal unitTithorea
Community
  Population1,841 (2011)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Vehicle registrationΜΙ

Name

The town first appears in the modern era, as Καλύβια Τιθορέας (literally Tithorea Shacks).[3] Between 1912 and 1955 the village was called Κηφισοχώριον (Kifisochorion),[3] literally Village of Cephissus, in reference of the local river. The new name of Kato Tithorea, literally Lower Tithorea, was adopted on 11 May 1955 and is in reference to the nearby village of Tithorea, which traces its roots to the ancient Phocian town of the same name mentioned by Pausanias and Herodotus among others.[4][5] Tithorea itself is, according to Pausanias, named after Tithorea, a tree nymph particularly associated with oaks.[6]

Transport

The town is served by the Tithorea railway station on the Piraeus–Platy railway, part of the main railway line connecting Athens and Thessaloniki, which opened in 1904. The station received a major refurbishment and upgrade in the 20162017 period as part of the Tithorea-Leianokladi-Domokos high-speed rail bypass, a 20-year project which starts at Kato Tithorea and includes the longest railway tunnel in the Balkans.[7] The new bypass, which starts at Kato Tithorea and ends at Domokos, replaced the older mountainous part of the Piraeus–Platy railway line with an electrified line capable of speeds of up to 200 kilometres per hour (120 mph).[8]

Kato Tithorea is also transversed by the old Greek National Road 3, a single carriageway which served as the main road link between Athens and Thessaloniki until the construction of the A1 Motorway in 1962.

Notable people

References

  1. "Απογραφή Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2011. ΜΟΝΙΜΟΣ Πληθυσμός" (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority.
  2. Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (in Greek)
  3. "Ο Τόπος Μας" [Our Place]. Kato Tithorea Elementary (in Greek). Retrieved 2019-09-19.
  4. "Pandektis: Kifisochorion - Kato Tithorea". Institute for Neohellenic Research. 2019-09-19. Retrieved 2019-09-19.
  5. "TITHOREA (Velitsa) Phokis, Greece". www.perseus.tufts.edu. The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites. 1976. Retrieved 2019-09-19.
  6. Pausanias; Taylor, Thomas. "The Description of Greece". Thomas Davison. Retrieved 2019-09-19.
  7. "Δοκιμαστικά δρομολόγια Τιθορέα - Λιανοκλάδι" [Trial Runs on the Tithorea - Lianokladi (line)]. www.kathimerini.gr (in Greek). Kathimerini. 2018-01-09. Retrieved 2019-09-19.
  8. "Tithorea – Domokos". Hellenic Railways Organisation. Retrieved 2019-09-19.


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