Karnal (instrument)

The karnal is a large, straight brass trumpet, over a metre long, played in parts of Northern India and Nepal. It has a prominent bell resembling a datura flower.[1] It is used on ceremonial occasions, such as the processions of village deities.[2] It is often included among the five instruments of the Nepali pancai baja ensemble.


  1. Manorma Sharma (1 January 1998). Tribal melodies of Himachal Pradesh: Gaddi folk music. APH Publishing. pp. 35–. ISBN 978-81-7024-912-2. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  2. Mian Goverdhan Singh (1 December 1999). Wooden temples of Himachal Pradesh. Indus Publishing. pp. 54–. ISBN 978-81-7387-094-1. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
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