|Region||Mindanao (Davao Region and a few parts in Caraga)|
|Ethnicity||Kalagans (or "Caragans" or "Caragas")|
Ethnologue lists the following locations for Kalagan.
- Davao del Sur Province: southwest of Davao City, inland along coast
- Compostela Valley and Davao del Norte provinces: including Samal and associated islands, and inland on eastern shores of Davao Gulf
- Davao Oriental Province highlands
- some in North Cotabato Province
Kalagan dialects are:
- Isamal dialect: spoken in Samal Island
- Western Kalagan: spoken in Davao Oriental Province
- Lupon: spoken in Davao del Sur Province, along the gulf down to Hagonoy and Guihing near Digos City
- Eastern Kalagan: spoken mainly in Davao Oriental Province
Other dialects include the Kagan Kalagan which is spoken near Digos City in Davao del Sur Province where there are 6,000 speakers, and the Tagakaulo which is spoken mainly in Davao del Sur Province (western shore of Davao Gulf, from Digos south to Bugis and inland) and also in Sultan Kudarat (Columbio municipality) and South Cotabato (Tampakan) provinces.
- Kalagan at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Kagan Kalagan at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Tagakaulu Kalagan at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Western Mansakan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.