Chydenius studied at the Sibelius Academy, the University of Helsinki and the Helsinki School of Economics, starting his career with avant-garde music, happening, instrumental theatre, and the aesthetics of John Cage. Some of the best-known works by Chydenius are Lapualaisooppera (1966) and such songs as 'Sinua, sinua rakastan', 'Nuoruustango' and the children's song 'Magdaleena', which are all evergreens in Finland. Kaj Chydenius was one of the founding members of KOM-teatteri in 1971, together with Kaisa Korhonen who was his wife then. The younger son of Kaj Chydenius, Jussi Chydenius is a member of the vocal ensemble Rajaton. Many works by Chydenius are released on Love Records.
- Lauluja (1966)
- Kauneimmat rakkauslaulut (1977)
- Unet palaavat Helsinkiin (1996)
- Lyytikäinen, Pasi. "What matters most is that the poem has personal significance to the composer". Finnish Composers' Copyright Society Teosto. Archived from the original on 6 August 2010. Retrieved 1 February 2010.
- "Finland Events & Festivals – Events at Stoa 2010". Finnguide. Retrieved 1 February 2010.