|Subdivisions||Districts: 5, Municipalities: 17|
|• Governor||Keizō Hamada|
|• Total||1,876.77 km2 (724.62 sq mi)|
(June 1, 2019)
|• Density||510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||JP-37|
|Bird||Lesser cuckoo (Cuculus poliocephalus)|
|Flower||Olive (Olea europaea)|
|Tree||Olive (Olea europaea)|
Kagawa was formerly known as Sanuki Province.
For a brief period between August 1876 and December 1888, Kagawa was made a part of Ehime Prefecture.
Kagawa comprises the northeast corner of Shikoku, bordering Ehime Prefecture on the west and Tokushima Prefecture on the south, with a coastline on the Seto Inland Sea facing Okayama Prefecture and the Kansai. The Sanuki Mountains run along the southern border.
Kagawa is currently the smallest prefecture, by area, in Japan. Kagawa is a relatively narrow prefecture located between the mountains of Shikoku and the sea.
Eight cities are located in Kagawa Prefecture:
These are the towns in each district:
Sanuki udon (a type of udon noodle) is the most famous local food of Kagawa Prefecture. In 2008, there were over 700 udon restaurants in this prefecture alone.
Aside from udon, Kagawa is also famous for "hone-tsuki-dori", seasoned chicken thigh cooked on the bone. Originating from Marugame City, the dish has now become a popular dish in izakaya restaurants across the country.
Olives and olive-related products have also come to be recognized as Kagawa foods. As the first place in Japan to successfully cultivate olives, Kagawa has been producing olive-related products since 1908. As well as winning both domestic and international awards for the quality of its olive oil, Kagawa has also created two offshoot food brands from its olive industry - "olive beef" and "olive yellowtail". Waste organic matter from olive pressing is used as feed for cattle and the Yellowtail Amberjack. Due to the high amount of polyphenol in the olive waste, the flesh of the respective meats does not oxidize or lose colour easily.
Other local specialties include wasanbon sugar sweets, sōmen noodles and shōyu soy sauce. Rare sugar researches are thriving and have discovered mass production culture enzymes.D-tagatose 3-epimerase is an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible epimerization reaction of the 3rd carbon of ketose.
The sports teams listed below are based in Kagawa.
- Kagawa Ice Fellows (see Japan Ice Hockey Federation)
- Manno Lake
- Sanuki Manno National Park
- Marugame Castle
- Marugame Genichiro-Inokuma Museum of Contemporary Art
- Naoshima Island
- Ando Museum
- Benesse House
- Chichu Art Museum
- Lee Ufan Museum
- Setonaikai National Park
- Shikoku Pilgrimage – Zentsū-ji, Motoyama-ji, Yashima-ji, etc.
- Kankakei Gorge
- Shodoshima Olive Park
- Teshima Island
- Shima Kitchen
- Teshima Art Museum
Based on its ancient name, Sanuki, Kagawa is famous for its Sanuki udon (wheat noodles). Recent years have seen an interest in Sanuki udon across Japan, and many Japanese now take day-trips to taste the many Sanuki udon restaurants in Kagawa.
Departure from Takamatsu
- Route 11 (Tokushima-Takamatsu-Marugame-Niihama-Maysuyama)
- Route 30
- Route 32 (Takamatsu-Kotohira-Kochi)
- Route 193
- Route 318
- Route 319
- Route 377
- Route 436
- Route 438
In popular culture
The novel Battle Royale by Koushun Takami was set in the fictional town of Shiroiwa ('Castle Rock') in the Kagawa Prefecture. Okishima, the fictional island on which much of the novel takes place is placed in the Seto Inland Sea. The manga also places Shiroiwa in Kagawa Prefecture, while the film moves Shiroiwa to Kanagawa Prefecture.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kagawa prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 446, p. 446, at Google Books
- Nussbaum, "Takamatsu" at p. 934, p. 934, at Google Books.
- Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
- Ikatachōshi Editing Committee, ed. (March 31, 1987). Ikatachōshi 伊方町誌 [Ikata Town History] (in Japanese). Town of Ikata, printed by DAI-ICHI HOKI Publishing.
- "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved August 19, 2012.
- "Kagawa 香川". Zipango. 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kagawa prefecture.|