Ka (kana)

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. Both represent [ka]. The shapes of these kana both originate from 加.

ka
transliterationka
translit. with dakutenga
translit. with handakuten(nga)
hiragana origin
katakana origin
spelling kana為替のカ
(Kawase no "ka")

The character can be combined with a dakuten, to form in hiragana, ガ in katakana, and ga in Hepburn romanization. The phonetic value of the modified character is [ɡa] in initial positions, and varying between [ŋa] and [ɣa] in the middle of words.

A handakuten (゜) does not occur with ka in normal Japanese text, but it may be used by linguists to indicate a nasal pronunciation [ŋa].

か is the most commonly used interrogatory particle. It is also sometimes used to delimit choices.

が is used to denote the focus of attention in a sentence, especially to the grammatical subject.

Historical usage in Yōon くゎ Current usage in .

Form Rōmaji Hiragana Katakana
Normal k-
(か行 ka-gyō)
ka
kaa
, kah
かあ, かぁ
かー
カア, カァ
カー
Addition dakuten g-
(が行 ga-gyō)
ga
gaa
, gah
があ, がぁ
がー
ガア, ガァ
ガー

Stroke order

The Hiragana か is made with three strokes:

  1. A horizontal line which turns and ends in a hook facing left.
  2. A curved vertical line that cuts through the first line.
  3. A small curved line on the right.

The Katakana カ is made with two strokes:

  1. A horizontal line which turns and ends in a hook facing left.
  2. A curved vertical line that cuts through the first line.


Other communicative representations

Character
Unicode nameHIRAGANA LETTER KAKATAKANA LETTER KAHALFWIDTH KATAKANA LETTER KAKATAKANA LETTER SMALL KAHIRAGANA LETTER GAKATAKANA LETTER GA
Encodingsdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhexdecimalhex
Unicode12363U+304B12459U+30AB65398U+FF7612533U+30F512364U+304C12460U+30AC
UTF-8227 129 139E3 81 8B227 130 171E3 82 AB239 189 182EF BD B6227 131 181E3 83 B5227 129 140E3 81 8C227 130 172E3 82 AC
Numeric character referenceかかカカカカヵヵががガガ
Shift JIS130 16982 A9131 7483 4A182B6131 14983 95130 17082 AA131 7583 4B
  • Braille
か / カ in Japanese BrailleOther kana based on Braille
か / カ
ka
が / ガ
ga
かあ / カー
があ / ガー
きゃ / キャ
kya
ぎゃ / ギャ
gya
きゃあ / キャー
kyā
ぎゃあ / ギャー
gyā

The Wabun code for か or カ is ・-・・, が or ガ is ・-・・ ・・.

See also

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