KP Sharma Oli

Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli(के पी ओली)(born 22 February 1952), more commonly known as KP Sharma Oli, is a Nepalese politician and the current Prime Minister of Nepal.[1][2][3] Oli previously served as prime minister from 11 October 2015 to 3 August 2016 and was the first elected prime minister under the newly adopted Constitution of Nepal.[4]

KP Sharma Oli
38th Prime Minister of Nepal
Assumed office
15 February 2018
PresidentBidhya Devi Bhandari
Preceded bySher Bahadur Deuba
In office
12 October 2015  4 August 2016
PresidentRam Baran Yadav
Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Preceded bySushil Koirala
Succeeded byPushpa Kamal Dahal
Chairman of the Nepal Communist Party (NCP)
Assumed office
17 May 2018
Preceded byPosition established
Minister for Foreign Affairs
In office
Prime MinisterGirija Prasad Koirala
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
MonarchBirendra Bir Bikram Shah
Prime MinisterMan Mohan Adhikari
Personal details
Born (1952-02-22) 22 February 1952
Tehrathum,Jhapa, Nepal
Political partyNepal Communist Party (NCP)
Spouse(s)Radhika Shakya
ParentsMohan Prasad Oli, Madhumaya Oli
ResidenceBaluwatar, Kathmandu

Personal life

K.P. Oli was born on 22 February 1952 in a Brahmin family[5][6] at Terathum. He was the eldest child of Mohan Prasad and Madhumaya Oli. Oli was raised by his grandmother, Rammaya, after his mother died of smallpox when Oli was four.[7] He did his primary school education in Tehrathum and later his family migrated to the south eastern district of Jhapa. He resided mostly in Jhapa during his early political life. Oli started his studies at Himalaya Higher Secondary School in Damak municipality of Jhapa district at the age of 12 after he migrated to Jhapa District in 1963 AD. He completed his studies till ISc. Infact he had also appeared the exam of BA first year but didn't proceed his education further. He also served as a School teacher for Science, Maths in a local school of Jhapa District. Oli met his wife, Radhika Shakya, a fellow communist, after coming out of prison. They first met in the course of party activities and married later.[8]

Political life

Marxist insurgency years 1966–1991

Oli began his political career in 1966 in opposition to the partyless Panchayat System in place at the time. He joined the Communist Party of Nepal in February 1970. He became involved in subversive politics and was arrested for the first time in 1970. A year later he became a district committee member of the party and soon the chief of the Jhapa Movement Organizing Committee in 1972. Oli was imprisoned for 14 consecutive years from 1973 to 1987. After his release from prison in 1987, he became a central committee member of UML in-charge of the Lumbini Zone until 1990.

Multi-party democracy 1991–2006

After the 1990 People's Movement, he was elected as a member of parliament from Jhapa constituency no. 6 in 1991. He held the post of chief of the foreign department of the CPN (UML) in 1992.

He was reelected to parliament in 1994 and served as Minister of Home Affairs in Manmohan Adhikari's minority government. He was re-elected to the House of Representatives from Jhapa constituencies 2 and 6 in 1999 and gave up his Jhapa-6 seat.

Involvement in Mahakali Treaty

K.P. Oli has been accused of playing significant role in the Mahakali Treaty signed in 1998 which has allowed Indian SSB forces to encroach Nepalese lands. For his involvement in this treaty, Oli has been named as the traitor by segments of Nepal.[9]

Transition period

Oli was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs as part of the interim government of Girija Prasad Koirala in 2006.[10][11] He was also assigned to look into the death of fellow politician Madan Bhandari.

Oli was defeated in the 2008 Constituent Assembly election from Jhapa-7. He also lost the election for the position of Chairman to Jhala Nath Khanal during the eight general congress of CPN-UML in 2009.

He was elected from Jhapa-7 in the 2013 Constituent Assembly election and became leader of the CPN-UML Parliamentary Party on 4 February 2014, defeating party Chairman Jhala Nath Khanal by a vote of 98 to 75.[12] Oli was subsequently elected as the Chairman of CPN-UML in July 2014 during the ninth general congress.[13][14]

First prime ministership

He was elected as Prime Minister in a parliamentary vote on 11 October 2015, receiving 338 votes out of 597. Oli's PM candidacy is supported by the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Rastriya Prajatantra Party Nepal, and Madhesi Rights Forum-Democratic along with 13 other small parties. He was sworn in on 12 October.[15]

His first stint was dominated by the economic blockade imposed by India upon the promulgation of the Constitution of Nepal.[16] He took a defiant stance against India's position to amend the constitution and signed trade and transit treaties with China to counter Indian dependence.[17]

Following the withdrawal of support from the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist-Centre) on 13 July 2016 from the existing coalition government and subsequent registration of a no-confidence motion by the party on 14 July 2016, CPN-UML and acting Prime Minister KP Oli seemingly shrank to a minority which pressured him to resign. But CPN-UML's decision to discuss filed no-confidence motion led to a three-day parliament meeting of the concerned parties. During the process, two other major parties, Rastriya Prajatantra Party and Madhesi Rights Forum-Democratic, also removed their support from the coalition. On the third day, 24 July 2016, after addressing the opposition parties in parliament, Oli announced his resignation.

Second prime ministership

Oli was appointed as Prime Minister of Nepal for second time[18] on 15 February 2018 after CPN-UML became the largest party in the House of Representatives following the 2017 legislagtive elections with support from Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre), the same party whose withdrawal of support had led to resignation in his first term.[19] He passed a motion of confidence with on 11 March 2018 with 208 out of 268 votes in the 275-member House of Representatives.[20] He has faced criticism for inaction even with a two thirds majority in both houses of Parliament.[21][22] He has also been criticized for the early release of convicted murderer Balkrishna Dhungel and protection of the murderers of Nirmala Panta leading to nationwide protests.[23][24]

His government was forced to backtrack on several initiatives in quick succession in 2019. It started with the withdrawing of the Guthi Bill from the upper house.[25] This was followed by the reversal on the cabinet decision to host IIFA awards after a parliamentary committee instructed the government to cancel its support to the event.[26] Oli faced criticism from lawmakers of his own party over the decision to cancel checking on agricultural goods imported from India for pesticides.[27]

Electoral history

He was elected to the Pratinidhi Sabha from Jhapa in 1991, 1994 and 1999 on a CPN-UML ticket.[28] He contested and won from two constituencies in the 1999 election and gave up his Jhapa-6 seat. He lost the 2008 Constituent assembly election. Only the top two candidates are shown below.

1991 Pratinidhi Sabha Election Jhapa-6

CPN-UMLK.P. OliElected

1994 Pratinidhi Sabha Election Jhapa-6

CPN-UMLK.P. Oli18,861Elected
Nepali CongressKeshav Kumar Budhathoki14,202Lost

1999 Pratinidhi Sabha Election Jhapa-2

CPN-UMLK.P. Oli18,909Elected
Nepali CongressGiriraj Kumari Prasai18,892Lost

1999 Pratinidhi Sabha Election Jhapa-6

CPN-UMLK.P. Oli23,749Elected
Nepali CongressKasi Lal Tajpuriya19,713Lost

2008 Constituent Assembly Election Jhapa-7

CPN-UMLK.P. Oli14,959Lost
Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)Bishwodip Lingden Limbu16,099Elected

2013 Constituent Assembly Election Jhapa-7

CPN-UMLK.P. Oli19,287Elected
Nepali CongressSuresh Kumar Youngaya11,041Lost

2015 Parliamentary Prime Minister Election

CPN-UMLK.P. Oli338Elected
Nepali CongressSushil Koirala249Lost

2017 House of Representatives Election Jhapa-5[29]

CPN-UMLK.P. Sharma Oli57,139Elected
Nepali CongressKhagendra Adhikari28,297Lost

See also


  1. "Oli appointed as 41st PM of Nepal". My Republica Online. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  2. "KP Sharma Oli appointed Nepal's new prime minister". Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  3. "Oli as 41st PM of Nepal – Bolchha Nepal". Bolchha Nepal. 15 February 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  4. "Oli I elected 38th Prime Minister of Nepal (Update)". The Kathmandu Post. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  5. "The Original Maoist". Nepali Times. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  6. "KP Sharma Oli-why Nepal's new PM isn't the right man for the job". Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  7. "Read a brief biography on newly elected PM KP Sharma Oli". The Kathmandu Post. Kantipur Publications. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  8. "Jeevan saathi with Mr & Mrs. K.P. Oli". YouTube. Himalaya TV. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  9. "UML leader accuses Maoists of having assassinated Madan Bhandari". 24 May 2009.
  10. "Nepal calls ceasefire with rebels". BBC. 3 May 2006. Retrieved 15 July 2012.
  11. Moriarty, James (2 May 2006). "Seven Cabinet Members Formed". Wikileaks. US Embassy, Kathmandu. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
  12. "Oli elected as UML PP leader". eKantipur. 4 February 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  13. "The Himalayan Times: Oli elected UML chairman mixed results in other posts – Detail News: Nepal News Portal". The Himalayan Times. 15 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  14. "Nepal congratulates Oli for election victory". 15 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  15. "Nepal's new premier names protest group leaders as deputies", Associated Press, 12 October 2015.
  16. Sharma, Bhadra (24 July 2016). "Nepal's Prime Minister, K. P. Sharma Oli, Resigns Ahead of a No-Confidence Vote". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  17. "Oli once more". Nepali Times. Himal Media Pvt Ltd. Retrieved 17 February 2018.
  18. "KP Oli becomes Prime Minister of Nepal for the second time". Kathmandu Tribune. Nepal Tribune Media. 15 February 2018. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  19. Sharma, Gopal (15 February 2018). "Moderate Nepali communist Oli to 'balance China, India' as new PM". Reuters. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  20. "प्रधानमन्त्री ओलीका पक्षमा ७५ प्रतिशत सांसद". Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  21. Kainee, David. "Five months of inaction". myrepublica. Nepal Republic Media. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  22. "Nepal: Five Months of Oli's Rule: A Disappointment?". Indian Defense Review. 9 August 2018. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  23. "Don't do it". myrepublica. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  24. "Nirmala rape, murder: Protests continue in several places". Kathmandu Post. Kantipur Publications. Retrieved 9 December 2018.
  25. "Government withdraws controversial Guthi Bill". Himalayan Times. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  26. "House panel instructs government not to host IIFA awards in Kathmandu". Retrieved 24 August 2019.
  27. Pradhan, Tika R. "As party lawmakers criticise government, Oli instructs them to speak in defence". The Kathmandu Post. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  28. Election Commission of Nepal Archived 12 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  29. "Jhapa : Province 1 – Nepal Election Latest Updates and Result for Federal Parliament". The Kathmandu Post. Retrieved 10 December 2017.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Jhala Nath Khanal
Leader of the CPN (UML)
Succeeded by
Party dissolved
Preceded by
New party formed
Leader of the Nepal Communist Party (NCP)
Political offices
Preceded by
Sushil Koirala
Prime Minister of Nepal
Succeeded by
Pushpa Kamal Dahal
Preceded by
Sher Bahadur Deuba
Prime Minister of Nepal
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