KOTA-TV, virtual channel 3 (VHF digital channel 7), is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Rapid City, South Dakota, United States. Owned by Gray Television, it is a sister station to low-powered Fox affiliate KEVN-LD, channel 7 (which is simulcast on KOTA-TV's second digital subchannel). The two stations share studios and transmitter facilities on Skyline Drive in Rapid City.
|Rapid City, South Dakota|
|Branding||general: KOTA Territory|
KOTA Territory News
|Slogan||Coverage You Can Count On|
|Channels||Digital: 7 (VHF)|
Virtual: 3 (PSIP)
|Affiliations||ABC (1976–1984, 2016–present)|
(Gray Television Licensee, LLC)
|First air date||January 21, 1958|
(current license dates from July 11, 1976)
|Call letters' meaning||DaKOTA|
|Former callsigns||KRSD-TV (1959–1976)|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:|
7 (VHF, 1959–2009)
18 (UHF, 2003–2009)
|Former affiliations||NBC (1959–1970, 1984–1996)|
|Transmitter power||43.5 kW|
|Height||204 m (669 ft)|
|Transmitter coordinates||44°4′0″N 103°15′3″W|
|Public license information||Profile|
KOTA-TV operates two full-power satellite stations: KHSD-TV (virtual channel 11, VHF digital channel 5) in Lead, South Dakota (which can also be seen over the air in Rapid City), with transmitter atop Terry Peak, and KSGW-TV (virtual channel 12, VHF digital channel 13) in Sheridan, Wyoming, with transmitter on Bosin Rock. KOTA serves a large area in western South Dakota, eastern Montana, eastern Wyoming and the Nebraska panhandle. It calls its vast coverage area "KOTA Territory".
KOTA-TV intellectual unit
Until 2016, the KOTA-TV call sign, along with the virtual channel 3 assignment and the ABC affiliation, were associated with the station now known as KHME (channel 23). KOTA-TV had gone on the air in 1955 as a CBS affiliate owned by Helen Duhamel along with KOTA radio (1380 AM). The station also had secondary affiliations with NBC (until 1958) and ABC; it took on a joint-primary affiliation with both CBS and ABC in 1965, dropped CBS for NBC in 1970, lost ABC in 1976, and carried a secondary CBS affiliation from 1976 until 1981. KOTA became an ABC affiliate in 1984, and also carried some Fox programming from 1994 to 1996. The KHSD-TV call letters and virtual channel 11 were previously associated with the station now known as KQME (channel 5), which had been a KOTA-TV satellite since 1966.
Channel 7 license
Channel 7 debuted as KRSD-TV on January 21, 1958. It was owned by Heart of the Black Hills Broadcasters, a company controlled by John, Eli, and Henry Daniels, along with KRSD radio (1340 AM, now KTOQ). The station was a primary NBC affiliate, sharing ABC with the original KOTA-TV. Two years later, in January 1960, KRSD-TV started a satellite station on channel 5 in Lead, KDSJ-TV; the Daniels brothers already operated KDSJ radio (980 AM) in nearby Deadwood.
For most of its history, Heart of the Black Hills was under scrutiny from network officials, the viewing public, and the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) over its technical operations. In 1966 and 1967, FCC inspectors found numerous violations of FCC rules relating to technical operations. In 1967, several viewers asked NBC and the FCC for help in improving the station's quality. In 1969, an FCC inspector deemed KRSD-TV/KDSJ-TV's signal unfit for broadcast. On September 13, 1970, NBC pulled its affiliation from KRSD-TV, reportedly due to concerns about the station's technical operation. KRSD-TV quickly affiliated with CBS, while KOTA-TV took on a joint-primary affiliation with both ABC and NBC.
In 1971, in response to numerous complaints about KRSD-TV and KDSJ-TV's technical operations, FCC hearing examiner Thomas Donahue recommended granting the stations one-year license renewals, rather than the standard five-year renewal. However, the full commission unanimously voted 5-0 (with two abstentions) to overrule Donahue and deny the renewals outright. The FCC found that KRSD-TV and KDSJ-TV had been out of compliance with FCC technical standards since at least 1961. As a result, their signals had deteriorated to the point of unacceptability "as early as 1965," and were so poor that Black Hills cable systems refused to carry it. Western South Dakota is very mountainous, and then as now cable was all but essential for acceptable television in much of this area. While a handful of radio stations had been ordered off the air for technical violations, it was the first time that the FCC had shuttered a television station due to technical issues. In its decision to cancel KRSD-TV and KDSJ-TV's licenses, the commission deemed Heart of the Black Hills guilty of the most flagrant technical violations that it had ever uncovered. Though the FCC originally ordered the stations to shut down on December 31, Heart of the Black Hills fought the decision; however, the denial was reaffirmed in July 1972. Nonetheless, the stations continued to operate under special temporary authority for another four years afterward.
New construction permits for channel 7 in Rapid City and the Lead satellite on channel 5 were granted to Dakota Broadcasting Company, owned by a group of Rapid City businessmen, in April 1975; that November, the stations were assigned the call signs KEVN-TV and KIVV-TV. Dakota Broadcasting soon announced a planned July 6, 1976 debut; meanwhile, Heart of the Black Hills finally shut KRSD-TV and KDSJ-TV down for good on February 29, 1976, leaving the Black Hills region without a local CBS affiliate. However, area cable systems already carried Sioux Falls CBS affiliate KELO-TV, which had been trying to get into Rapid City for some time. After a four-month hiatus, KEVN and KIVV came on the air July 11 as full-time ABC affiliates. KOTA ended its joint-primary affiliation with ABC and NBC, switching to a primary affiliation with NBC and a secondary affiliation with CBS until 1981, when K15AC (channel 15), a translator of KPLO-TV from Reliance (itself a satellite of KELO-TV), was authorized (K15AC was upgraded to full-power operations in 1988 as KCLO-TV, a semi-satellite of KELO).
On June 24, 1984, NBC moved its programming to KEVN. NBC had finally lost patience with KOTA-TV's local preemptions (NBC had long been less tolerant of preemptions than the other networks). KOTA-TV took over KEVN's old ABC affiliation. The swap brought KEVN in line with Sioux Falls sister station KDLT-TV; that station had been purchased by KEVN's owners in 1982 and made its own move from ABC to NBC in 1983. In 1985, Dakota Broadcasting sold KEVN/KIVV and KDLT to Heritage Communications for nearly $20 million. In 1987, following Tele-Communications Inc.'s purchase of a majority interest in Heritage Communications, the company spun off its television and radio stations to Heritage's management under the Heritage Media banner.
Heritage Media announced in September 1995 that it would sell KEVN-TV and KIVV-TV to Blackstar, LLC, a minority-controlled company in which nonvoting equity interests were held by Fox Television Stations and Silver King Communications, for $14 million; the deal was completed on February 7, 1996. Blackstar immediately announced that KEVN would drop NBC and join Fox. the affiliation change happened in July 1996. Prior to then, Fox programming was seen in the market primarily via cable carriage of either Denver affiliate KDVR or the national Foxnet service, while KOTA-TV had a secondary affiliation with Fox since 1994 to carry the network's coverage of the National Football League. The move left the Black Hills without an over-the-air NBC affiliate, and the region did not get another over-the-air NBC affiliate until Rapid signed on KNBN-LP (now KWBH-LP, channel 27) two years later in 1998; this station was not made widely available in the market until it was upgraded to full-power KNBN (channel 21) in May 2000. As a result of KEVN switching to Fox and due to KNBN-LP's reception problems, cable systems throughout most of western South Dakota piped in NBC's Denver affiliate, KUSA-TV (which served as the network's affiliate of record in Rapid City between July 1996 and May 2000); some areas of northwestern South Dakota (which is part of the Bismarck–Minot television market) received the network's programming via Dickinson affiliate KQCD-TV.
USA Networks (the former Silver King Communications), through its USA Broadcasting subsidiary, acquired Blackstar, LLC outright in 1998 as part of a larger deal between USA and Paxson Communications that saw USA take control of Atlanta's WNGM-TV from Paxson and Paxson buying Portland's KBSP-TV from Blackstar. USA mainly acquired Blackstar in order to incorporate its Orlando station, WBSF, into its planned "CityVision" group of independent stations, and soon sold KEVN-TV and KIVV-TV to Mission TV, LLC, an independent private company led by California attorney William Reyner, who at that time held partial stakes in fellow Fox affiliates KKFX-LP in Santa Barbara, California and Smith Broadcasting-owned WFFF-TV in Burlington, Vermont. (Mission TV was not related to Mission Broadcasting, a holding company whose stations are controlled by Nexstar Media Group.)
KEVN filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection on November 20, 2003 to prevent Finova Capital Corp., the station's largest creditor, from taking legal action to acquire control of the station; KEVN's programming and operations were not affected by this move, and the station emerged from bankruptcy in July 2005. In January 2007, after having been branded as "KEVN Fox 7" for its first 11 years as a Fox affiliate, the station changed its branding to "Black Hills Fox," removing the over-the-air channel number from KEVN's brand identity.
On December 18, 2013, it was announced that Mission TV, LLC would sell KEVN-TV and KIVV-TV to Gray Television for $7.75 million. Upon the completion of the sale on May 1, 2014, KEVN was Gray's first standalone full power Fox affiliate. On September 14, 2015, Gray announced that it would purchase the television and radio stations owned by Schurz Communications, including KOTA-TV and its satellites and the Rushmore Media Company group of radio stations, for $442.5 million. Gray intends to consolidate KOTA's operations with those of KEVN; in announcing the sale of most of KOTA-TV's assets to Legacy Broadcasting on October 1, Gray announced that KEVN-TV would inherit KOTA's ABC affiliation following the deal's completion.
On February 1, 2016, Gray moved the KOTA-TV intellectual unit–call letters, programming, ABC affiliation and staff–to RF channel 7, while moving the KEVN intellectual unit to low-powered KEVN-LD on RF channel 23. The station moved its virtual channel to 3, while continuing to transmit on RF channel 7, while KEVN-LD began transmitting on virtual channel 7. The former KOTA has changed its call sign to KHME, and broadcasts MeTV and This TV subchannels on virtual channel 23, using KOTA's former RF channel 2.
A similar realignment took place with the two stations' satellites in Lead. KOTA's satellite, KHSD-TV, moved its call letters and intellectual unit to KEVN's satellite, KIVV. The former KHSD changed its calls to KQME, and serves as a satellite of KHME. This left Fox without a full-power signal in the western portion of the market. To make up for this shortfall, KEVN is simulcast on KHSD's second digital channel.
The stations' digital signals are multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|3.1||720p||16:9||ABC-HD||Main KOTA-TV programming / ABC|
|7.1||FOX-HD||Simulcast of KEVN-LD / Fox|
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|11.1||720p||16:9||KHSD-DT||Main programming / ABC|
|11.2||KEVN-LD||Simulcast of KEVN-LD|
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|12.1||720p||16:9||KSGW-DT||Main programming / ABC|
|12.2||720p → 1080i||KCWY-DT||Simulcast of KCWY-DT / NBC|
Four months before the official date of the analog television shutdown and digital conversion on February 17, 2009, both stations shut down their analog signals:
- KOTA-TV (as KEVN-TV) shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 7; the station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 18 to VHF channel 7 for post-transition operations.
- KHSD-TV (as KIVV-TV) shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 5; the station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 29 to VHF channel 5 for post-transition operations.
Mission TV submitted an application to the FCC in 2007 asking to defer further construction of the station's digital transmitter (which was not yet operating at full-power due to financial problems) until the end of the digital television transition, indicating that its owners were the subject of a bankruptcy proceeding at the time and to expand the funds necessary to complete construction of its full-power digital television facility "could be fatal."
KOTA's programming is also shown on a network of three satellite stations.
|Station||City of license||Channels
|Subchannels||First air date||Former call signs||Former channel numbers||ERP||HAAT||Transmitter coordinates||Facility ID||Public license information|
|KHSD-TV||Lead, South Dakota||11 (PSIP)
(current license dates from July 11, 1976)
5 (VHF, 1960–2009)
29 (UHF, 2003–2009)
|9.2 kW||561 m (1,841 ft)||44°19′30″N 103°50′14″W||34348||Profile|
|KNEP||Sidney, Nebraska||4 (PSIP)
|March 5, 1958||KDUH-TV (1958–2016)||Analog:
4 (VHF, 1958–2009)
|32 kW||475 m (1,558 ft)||41°50′27.7″N 103°4′28.8″W||17683||Profile|
|KSGW-TV||Sheridan, Wyoming||12 (PSIP)
|December 28, 1977||Analog:
12 (VHF, 1977–2009)
|50 kW||372 m (1,220 ft)||44°37′23″N 107°7′2.3″W||17680||Profile|
KHSD operates as a full-time repeater of KOTA. KNEP's primary channel is a semi-satellite of KOTA, airing separate commercials from studios in Scottsbluff. KNEP was formerly KDUH-TV, and aired its own full-length newscasts for years. However, due to cutbacks in later years, KDUH's newscasts were reduced to inserts in KOTA's weeknight newscasts with a few personalities locally based in Scottsbluff. On May 5, 2016, KNEP's full-length localized newscasts in Scottsbluff were reinstated, upon the launch of NBC Nebraska Scottsbluff which airs on KNEP's digital subchannel 4.2. The subchannel operates as a semi-satellite of North Platte's NBC affiliate, KNOP-TV.
When KQME was being launched as KHSD-TV, KOTA-TV contracted with KDIX-TV in Dickinson, North Dakota (now KXMA-TV) to provide programming for that station, as KDIX was close enough to KHSD that its engineers would be able to pick up KHSD's signal. Consequently, KDIX was practically a satellite of KOTA from November 1966 until September 1970.
KOTA-TV also operates the following low-power translators:
KOTA-TV presently broadcasts a total of 9½ hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 1½ hours each weekday and one hour each on Saturdays and Sundays). The station is among the few Fox affiliates to carry a 6:00 p.m. newscast and one of the only Fox stations to offer a newscast in that timeslot, that does not also produce a 5:00 p.m. newscast. The station also does not produce any newscasts during morning or midday timeslots, although KEVN rebroadcasts its hour-long 9:00 p.m. news program at 6:00 a.m. on weekday mornings.
Early in KEVN's Fox affiliation, the station produced an hour-long morning newscast at 7 a.m., as well as half-hour newscasts at noon, 5:30 p.m., and 10 p.m. (a holdover from its NBC affiliation); on weekends, KEVN only aired its late newscast. In 1998, the station moved the late newscast to 9 p.m., making it the first Rapid City station to produce a primetime newscast; KCLO-TV also airs a newscast at that time, but it is a simulcast of KELO-TV's Sioux Falls-based 10 p.m. newscast. Around the same time, the morning and midday newscasts were discontinued. By 2001, KEVN expanded the weeknight 9 p.m. news to an hour; the weekend edition of the newscast would be expanded to an hour as well on November 2, 2013. The station moved the early evening newscast to 6 p.m. on March 31, 2008 and relaunched it as The Six; station management stated that airing a newscast at that slot would allow KEVN to attract viewers unable to view the 5:30 newscasts on KOTA-TV and KNBN.
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- Gray Buying South Dakota Duo for $7.75M, TVNewsCheck, 18 December 2013
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- Gray Adds North And South Dakota TVs, TVNewsCheck, 1 May 2014, Retrieved 2 May 2014.
- "Schurz Communications to sell WSBT and other TV, radio stations". South Bend Tribune. September 14, 2015. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
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- "Gray Television Sells Some, Buys Some". TVNewsCheck. October 1, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- RabbitEars TV Query for KOTA
- RabbitEars TV Query for KHSD
- RabbitEars TV Query for KSGW
- "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 29, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
- Gray Television unveils some changes for Scottsbluff station. Archived 2016-02-19 at the Wayback Machine. KOTA-TV, 17 February 2016, Retrieved 23 February 2016.
- KOTA announces switch to KNEP in May, Scottsbluff Star-Herald, 29 March 2016, Retrieved 10 May 2016.
- NBC Nebraska Scottsbluff newscasts begin Thursday, May 5 nbcneb.com, 29 April 2016, Retrieved 10 May 2016.
- "Comprehensive Exhibit" (PDF). CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
- "KEVN FOX7 Program Schedule for the week of May 19, 1997". KEVN FOX7 OnLine. Archived from the original on May 29, 1997. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
- "Fox to move local newscast to 6 p.m." Rapid City Journal. March 25, 2008. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
- "KEVN FOX7 Program Schedule for the week of January 25, 1999". KEVN FOX7 OnLine. Archived from the original on January 28, 1999. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
- "KEVN FOX7 Program Schedule for the week of October 16, 2000". KEVN FOX7 OnLine. Archived from the original on October 17, 2000. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
- "KEVN FOX7 Program Schedule for the week of April 16, 2001". KEVN FOX7 OnLine. Archived from the original on April 18, 2001. Retrieved February 18, 2015.
- Rapid City FOX Affiliate Expands Weekend Newscast TVSpy, November 4, 2013.
- KEVN Expands It's Weekend News To One Hour TVNewsCheck, November 4, 2013.
- Official website
- KNEP Scottsbluff
- Query the FCC's TV station database for KOTA-TV
- Query the FCC's TV station database for KHSD-TV
- Query the FCC's TV station database for KNEP
- Query the FCC's TV station database for KSGW-TV
- BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on KOTA-TV
- BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on KHSD-TV