KAIST (formally the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) is a national research university located in Daedeok Innopolis, Daejeon, South Korea. KAIST was established by the Korean government in 1971 as the nation's first research-oriented science and engineering institution. KAIST also has been internationally accredited in business education, and hosting the Secretariat of AAPBS. KAIST has approximately 10,200 full-time students and 1,140 faculty researchers and had a total budget of US$765 million in 2013, of which US$459 million was from research contracts.
|1,262 integrated MS/PhD|
1,432,882 square metres (354.07 acres) (Daedeok Campus)
413,346 square metres (102.14 acres) (Seoul Campus)
|Affiliations||AEARU, LAOTSE, AOTULE, ASPIRE League.|
|Revised Romanization||Hanguk Gwahak Gisurwon / Kaiseuteu|
|McCune–Reischauer||Han'guk Kwahak Kisurwŏn / K'aisŭt'ŭ|
From 1980 to 2008, the institute was known as the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology. In 2008, the name was shortened to "KAIST".
In 2007, KAIST partnered with international institutions and adopted dual degree programs for its students. Its partner institutions include the Technical University of Denmark, Carnegie Mellon University, the Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech), the Technical University of Berlin, and the Technical University of Munich.
The institute was founded in 1971 as the Korea Advanced Institute of Science (KAIS) by a loan of US$6 million (US$34 million 2014) from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and supported by President Park Chung-Hee. The institute's academic scheme was mainly designed by Frederick E. Terman, vice president of Stanford University, and Chung Geum-mo, a professor at the Polytechnic Institution of Brooklyn. The institute's two main functions were to train advanced scientists and engineers and develop a structure of graduate education in the country. Research studies began by 1973 and undergraduates studied for bachelor's degrees by 1984.
In 1981 the government merged the Korean Advanced Institute of Science and the Korean Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) to form the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, or KAIST. Due to differing research philosophies, KIST and KAIST split in 1989. In the same year KAIST and the Korea Institute of Technology (KIT) combined and moved from Seoul to the Daedeok Science Town in Daejeon. The first act of President Suh upon his inauguration in July 2006 was to lay out the KAIST Development Plan. The ‘KAIST Development Five-Year Plan’ was finalized on February 5, 2007 by KAIST Steering Committee. The goals of KAIST set by Suh were to become one of the best science and technology universities in the world, and to become one of the top-10 universities by 2011. In January 2008, the university dropped its full name, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, and changed its official name to only KAIST.
|February 16, 1971||Korea Advanced Institute of Science (KAIS), Hongneung Campus, Seoul is established|
|March 5, 1973||Candidates matriculate for master's degree|
|August 20, 1975||First commencement for the master's program|
|September 12, 1975||Candidates matriculate for doctorate degree|
|August 19, 1978||First commencement for the doctoral program|
|December 31, 1980||Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) is formed by merger with KIST|
|December 27, 1984||Korea Institute of Technology (KIT) is established in Daejeon, South Korea|
|March 28, 1986||First matriculation for undergraduates|
|June 12, 1989||KAIST and KIST separate, KAIST retains institution name|
|July 4, 1989||KAIST merges with KIT, relocates to Daejeon|
|December 17, 1990||First commencement for bachelor's degree students|
|October 1, 1996||Establishes Korea Institute of Advanced Study (KIAS)|
|May 4, 2004||Founds National Nanofab Center (NNFC)|
|January 1, 2008||Officially changes name to KAIST, replacing the spelled-out name|
|March 1, 2009||Acquires Information and Communications University (ICU), renaming it KAIST Information Technology Convergence Campus|
Admission to KAIST is based on overall grades, grades on math and science courses, recommendation letters from teachers, study plan, personal statements, and other data that show the excellence of potential students, and does not rely on a standardized test conducted by the university. In 2014, the acceptance rate for local students was 14.9%, and for international students at 13.2%.
Full scholarships are given to all students including international students in the bachelor, master and doctorate courses. Doctoral students are given military-exemption benefits from South Korea's compulsory military service. Up to 80% of courses taught in KAIST are conducted in English.
Undergraduate students can join the school through an “open major system” that allows students to take classes for three terms and then choose a discipline that suits their aptitude, and undergraduates are allowed to change their major anytime. KAIST has also produced many doctorates through the integrated master’s and doctoral program and early-completion system. Students must publish papers in internationally renowned academic journals for graduation.
KAIST produced a total of 48,398 alumni from 1975 to 2014, with 13,743 bachelor's, 24,776 master's, and 9,879 doctorate degree holders. As of October 2015, 11,354 students were enrolled in KAIST with 4,469 bachelor’s, 3,091 master’s, and 3,794 doctoral students. More than 70 percent of KAIST undergraduates come from specialized science high schools. On average, about 600 international students from more than 70 different countries come to study at KAIST, making KAIST one of the most ethnically diverse universities in the country.
KAIST is organized into 6 colleges, 2 schools and 33 departments/divisions.
- College of Natural Sciences
- College of Life Science and Bioengineering
- College of Engineering
- School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
- School of Electrical Engineering
- School of Computing
- Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
- Department of Bio and Brain Engineering
- Department of Industrial Design
- Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering
- Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
- Department of Materials Science and Engineering
- Department of Nuclear and Quantum Engineering
- Department of Information and Communications Engineering
- The Cho Chun Shik Graduate School of Green Transportation
- Graduate School of EEWS (Energy, Environment, Water, and Sustainability)
- Graduate School of AI (GSAI)
- College of Liberal Arts and Convergence Science
- College of Business
KAIST also has three affiliated institutes including the Korea Institute of Advanced Study (KIAS), National NanoFab Center (NNFC), and Korea Science Academy (KSA).
KAIST has two campuses in Daejeon and one campus in Seoul. The university is mainly located in the Daedeok Science Town in the city of Daejeon, 150 kilometers south of the capital Seoul. Daedeok is also home to some 50 public and private research institutes, universities such as CNU and high-tech venture capital companies.
Most lectures, research activities, and housing services are located in the Daejeon main campus. It has a total of 29 dormitories. Twenty-three dormitories for male students and four dormitories for female students are located on the outskirts of the campus, and two apartments for married students are located outside the campus.
The Seoul campus is the home of the Business Faculty of the university. The graduate schools of finance, management and information & media management are located there. The total area of the Seoul campus is 413,346 m2 (4,449,220 sq ft).
The Munji campus, the former campus of Information and Communications University until its merger with KAIST, is located ca. 4 km (2.5 mi) away from the main campus. It has a total of two dormitories, one for undergraduate students and the other for graduate students. The Institute for Basic Science (IBS) Center for Axion and Precision Physics Research is located here doing particle and nuclear physics related to dark matter and the Rare Isotope Science Project has the Superconducting Radio Frequency test facility.
The KAIST main library was established in 1971 as KAIS library, and it went through a merge and separation process with KIST library. It merged with KIT in March 1990. A contemporary 5 story building was constructed as the main library, and it is being operated with an annex library. The library uses the American LC Classification Schedule.
The library underwent expansion and remodeling, which finished in 2018, to include conference rooms, collaboration rooms, and media rooms.
KAIST's Seokrim Taeulje is a festival held by KAIST for three days every spring semester. The festival preparation committee under the undergraduate student council will be in charge of planning and execution, various food booths and experience booths will be opened, and stage events such as club performances and a song festival will be held. Also called the Cherry Blossom Festival, students eat strawberries on the lawn.
Seven KAIST Institutes (KIs) have been set up: the KI for the BioCentury, the KI for Information Technology Convergence, the KI for the Design of Complex Systems, the KI for Entertainment Engineering, the KI for the NanoCentury, the KI for Eco-Energy, and the KI for Urban Space and Systems. Each KI is operated as an independent research center at the level of a college, receiving support in terms of finance and facilities. In terms of ownership of intellectual property rights, KAIST holds 2,694 domestic patents and 723 international patents so far.
Researchers at KAIST have developed the Online Electric Vehicle (OLEV), a technique of powering vehicles through cables underneath the surface of the road via non-contact magnetic charging (a power source is placed underneath the road surface and power is wirelessly picked up on the vehicle itself). In July 2009 the researchers successfully supplied up to 60% power to a bus over a gap of 12 cm (4.7 in) from a power line embedded in the ground using power supply and pick up technology developed in-house.
In February 2018 the Korea Times published an article which stated that KAIST was starting an AI weapons research project together with the Korean arms manufacturer Hanwa. The allegations were of developing lethal autonomous weapons with Hanwa. This has led to researchers from 30 countries boycotting KAIST, which has denied existence of the program.
| QS Asia|
(Asian Ranking version)
|THE World (Young)||General/Young||6|
|QS World (50 Under 50)||General/Young||3|
In 2016 and 2017 Thomson Reuters named KAIST the sixth most innovative university in the world and the most innovative university in the Asia Pacific region. In 2016/17 QS World University Rankings ranked KAIST 46th overall in the world and 6th within Asia, coming 13th in Material Sciences and 14th in Engineering and Technology. In the 2009 THE-QS World University Rankings (in 2010 Times Higher Education World University Rankings and QS World University Rankings parted ways to produce separate rankings) for Engineering & IT, the University was placed 21st in the world and 1st in Korea and was placed 69th overall. KAIST was again recognized as a number one University in Korea by JoongAng Ilbo Review. In the year of 2009, KAIST's department of industrial design has also been listed in the top 30 Design Schools by Business Week. KAIST ranked the best university in Republic of Korea and the 7th university in Asia in the Top 100 Asian Universities list, the first regional ranking issued by THE-QS World Rankings.
- QS University Subject Rankings (2017):
Times Higher Education ranked KAIST the 3rd best university in the world under the age of 50 years in its 2015 league table.
Notable faculty and staff
- Soon-dal Choi, electrical engineer; successfully developed and launched a satellite, KITSAT-3
- Dong-ho Cho, electrical engineer; developed online electric vehicle (OLEV), listed on Time Magazine's top fifty inventions of 2010
- Jun-ho Choi, discoverer of hSNF5 body protein involved in reproduction of Papilloma virus
- Yang-Kyu Choi, developed world's smallest terabyte flash memory
- Cho Zang-hee, developed PET Imaging while at Colombia, developed Imaging for MRI/PET/CAT at KAIS, Later KAIST
- James D. Cumming, Foreign Guest Professor, published first paper with Cho Zang-hee on MRI Imaging resolution improvement.
- Heun Lee, identified mechanism behind hydrogen storage in ice particles
- Ji-O Lee, chemist; identified structure of protein causing sepsis
- Sang-yup Lee, developed chip to diagnose Wilson's disease
- Gi-hyong Gho, mathematician; developed world's first public key crypto system (PKCS) technology
- Jong-kyong Jeong, identified cause of Parkinson's disease
- Eunseong Kim, physicist; discovered new evidence for the existence of a super solid
- Jin-woo Kim, identified the cause behind senile retinal degeneration disease
- Se-jin Kwan, aerospace engineer; successfully developed and tested a moon lander
- Chang Hee Nam, physicist; developed attosecond pulse generation and compression technology
- Gweng-su Rhim, developed next generation Transparent Resistive Random Access Memory (TRRAM)
- Seung-man Yang, developed new photonics crystal-based optofluidic technology
- Yoon-tae Young, physicist; first to observe proper function of complexin protein to control neuron communication
- Giltsu Choi, photobiologist; identified key genes regulating seed germination in response to light in plants.
- Dan Keun Sung, electronic engineer
- Ryong Ryoo, chemist
Notes and references
- The Times-QS World University Rankings 2009 - KAIST 69th overall, 21st in the field of Engineering/Technology
- "KAIST at a Glance". KAIST Official Website. KAIST. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
- Park, Geunhong (21 April 2011). "The Advance of a Korean Institute: A Brief History of KAIST". herald.kaist.ac.kr. KAIST Herald. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- "KAIST 경영대학". www.business.kaist.edu (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-11-18.
- "::: Association of Asia-Pacific Business Schools :::". www.aapbs.org (in Korean). Retrieved 2018-11-18.
- "Technical University of Denmark and KAIST To Launch Dual Degree Program". Technical University of Denmark. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
- "Carnegie Mellon and KAIST To Launch Dual Degree Program in Civil and Environmental Engineering". cmu.edu. Carnegie Mellon University. 4 October 2007. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- "GT-ECE/KAIST-EE Dual BS and MS Program". gatech.edu. Georgia Institute of Technology. 23 May 2012. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- "Agreement on Dual Degree Master Program Between KAIST Department of Computer Science and Technische Universitat Berlin Fakultat fur Elektrotechnik und Informatik (Fakultat IV)" (PDF). eecs.tu-berlin.de. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- "KAIST Goals and Strategies". KAIST.edu. KAIST. Archived from the original on 28 May 2010. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- "The Inflation Calculator". Westegg.com. 11 July 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- "KAIST's history and vision". KAIST.edu. KAIST. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- 'KAIST' Decides Not to Use Original Full Name Archived 2011-07-18 at the Wayback Machine, KAIST announcement, January 10, 2008.
- "International Acceptance Rate Falls". herald.kaist.ac.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2017-05-30.
- KAIST. "Scholarship Types > Scholarships > Academics > Academics > KAIST". www.kaist.edu. Retrieved 2017-05-29.
- "Undergraduate". kaist.ac.kr. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
- KAIST. "Handbook > Life on Campus > KAIST". www.kaist.edu. Retrieved 2017-05-29.
- "About KAIST". www.kaist.edu. 20 June 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- "KAIST Library". www.kaist.ac.kr.
- KAIST Institute (KI)
- "Korean electric vehicle solution". www.gizmag.com.
- 'Killer robots': AI experts call for boycott over lab at South Korea university The Guardian, 2018
- "QS South Korea University Rankings 2019". Top Universities. 2019. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- World University Rankings - 2019 (2019). "South Korea Universities in Top 500 universities". Academic Ranking of World Universities. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
- U.S.News & World Report (2019). "Search Best Global Universities - US News Education". U.S. News & World Report LP. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- "QS Asian University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2019. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
- "Times Higher Education Asia University Rankings". Times Higher Education. 2019. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
- U.S.News & World Report (2019). "Best Global Universities in Asia - US News Education". U.S. News & World Report LP. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- "THE World University Rankings". Times Higher Education. 2020. Retrieved October 19, 2019.
- "QS World University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2020. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
- U.S.News & World Report (2019). "Best Global Universities - US News". U.S. News & World Report LP. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2019. Retrieved August 16, 2019.
- "Young University Rankings 2019". Times Higher Education (THE). 2019. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
- "QS Top 50 Under 50 2020". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2020. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
- Ewalt, David (September 28, 2016). "The world's most innovative universities - 2016". reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
- "QS World University Rankings (2016/17)".
- "The Times - QS World University Rankings 2007 - Technology". Archived from the original on 2008-01-26. Retrieved 2008-02-01.
- "The Times-QS World University Rankings 2008". Retrieved 2008-10-19.
- "D-Schools: The Global List". Archived from the original on 2009-04-29. Retrieved 2008-12-13.
- In the Top 100 Asian Universities List, HKU won the first, KAIST 7th, SNU 8th(2009 아시아 대학평가 홍콩대 1위, 카이스트 7위, 서울대 8위) Archived 2009-05-15 at the Wayback Machine Chosun Ilbo 2009.5.12. (조선일보 5월 12일)
- "QS World University Rankings: KAIST Rankings". QS World University Rankings. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- "Times Higher Education 100 Under 50 2015". timeshighereducation.co.uk. Thomson Reuters. 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-20. Retrieved 2013-12-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)