Justice of the Common Pleas

Justice of the Common Pleas was a puisne judicial position within the Court of Common Pleas of England and Wales, under the Chief Justice. The Common Pleas was the primary court of common law within England and Wales, dealing with "common" pleas (civil matters between subject and subject). It was created out of the common law jurisdiction of the Exchequer of Pleas, with splits forming during the 1190s and the division becoming formal by the beginning of the 13th century.[1] The court became a key part of the Westminster courts, along with the Exchequer of Pleas (qualified to hear cases involving revenue owed to the King) and the Court of King's Bench (authorised to hear cases involving the King), but with the Writ of Quominus and the Statute of Westminster, both tried to extend their jurisdiction into the realm of common pleas. As a result, the courts jockeyed for power. In 1828 Henry Brougham, a Member of Parliament, complained in Parliament that as long as there were three courts unevenness was inevitable, saying that "It is not in the power of the courts, even if all were monopolies and other restrictions done away, to distribute business equally, as long as suitors are left free to choose their own tribunal", and that there would always be a favourite court, which would therefore attract the best lawyers and judges and entrench its position.[2] The outcome was the Supreme Court of Judicature Act 1873, under which all the central courts were made part of a single Supreme Court of Judicature. Eventually the government created a High Court of Justice under Lord Coleridge by an Order in Council of 16 December 1880. At this point, the Common Pleas formally ceased to exist.[3]

The number of Justices at any one time varied; between 1377 and 1420 there were generally four, switching to five from 1420 to 1471. From 1471 onwards, the number was fixed at 3. This changed in the 19th century; provisions were made for the appointment of a Fourth Justice and Fifth Justice in 1830 and 1868 respectively.[4] From the start of the 14th century, Justices were appointed via letters patent made under the Great Seal, and held their appointments "under the pleasure of the King".[5] Justices received the same remuneration as judges of the Exchequer of Pleas and Court of King's Bench; £1,000 in 1660, increased to £2,000 in 1759 and £4,000 in 1809. From 1799, pensions were also awarded to retiring Justices.[6]

List of Justices

Name Born/Died Active service Reason for termination Notes
Simon of Pattishalld. c. 12171190 – 1206Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[7]
Thomas of Moultond. 12401224 – 1229Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[8]
Robert of Lexintond. 12501227 – 1236Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[9]
William de Raleyd. 12501229 – 1233Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[10]
Robert of Nottinghamd. 12451245Died in office[11]
Henry of Bathd. 12601238 – 1241Went on a trip to Ireland and was made Chief Justice of the Common Pleas when he returned[12]
Roger of Thirklebyd. 12601242 – 1249Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[13]
Gilbert of Prestonc. 1209 – 12741240–1260Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
Roger of Seatonc. 1230 – c. 12801270 – 1274Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[6][14]
Stephen Heymd. 12751271 – 1274Died between sessions[6]
Robert Fulks10 April 1271 – 1274[6]
Ralph de Henghamc. 1235 – 18 May 13111273 – 1274Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench[6][15]
William Weylandd. 25 March 12741273 – 1274Died[16]
John Cobham1273 – 1276Became a Baron of the Exchequer[16]
Richard de Stanesd. 12771274 – 1276Became Chancellor of the Exchequer[16]
Thomas Weylandc. 1230 – January 12981274 – 1278Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[16][17]
John de Lovetotd. 12941275 – 1289Disgraced after failing to prevent Thomas Weyland from altering court documents[16][18]
Ralph de Farningham1275 – 1278[16]
Roger de Leicester1276 – 1289Removed for "extortion and other judicial crimes"[16][19]
Walter de Helyun1278 – 1281[16]
William de Brompton1278 – 1289Removed and imprisoned in the Tower of London for "corruption in his office".[16][20]
Elias Beckinghamd. 130714 October 1285 – 1307Died[16]
Robert Hertford15 January 1290 – 1294[16]
William Gislehamd. January 129315 January 1290 – January 1293Died[16]
Robert Thorpd. 129115 January 1290 – 1291Died[16][21]
William Bereford7 February 1292 – 1309Becomes Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[22]
Peter Mallored. 131128 August 1292 – 1308[22]
William Howardd. 13088 October 1297 – 24 August 1308Died[22]
Lambert de Trickingham1300 – 1316Became a justice of the King's Bench[22]
Henry de Guldeford22 November 1305 – 1306[22]
Hervey de Stantonc. 1260 – November 132720 April 1306 – 28 September 1314Became a Baron of the Exchequer[22][23]
Henry le Stanton20 November 1308 – 15 June 1317
5 February 1327 – 28 October 1329
Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench
Again appointed Chief Justice of the King's Bench
[22]
John de Bensteded. 13236 October 1309 – 16 October 1320Retired[22][24]
William de Bourne6 October 1309 – ?[25]
William Ingec. 1260 – May 132223 January 1313 – 1316Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench[25][26]
John Baconc. 1250 – c. 132329 February 1313 – 16 October 1320[25][27]
Gilbert de Rothburyc. 1260 – 132110 March 1316 – 1321Died[25][28]
John Mutfordc. 1258 – 132920 April 1316 – 1329Died[25][29]
John Doncasterd. 13315 June 1319 – 15 October 1320[25]
William Herlec. 1270 – 13476 August 1320 – 29 January 1327Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[25][30]
John Stonorc. 1281 – August 13546 August 1320 – 22 February 1329
1 April 1331 – 7 July 1335
Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer
Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
[25][31][32]
John de Bourchier31 May 1321 – 1329[25]
Walter Friskeney9 July 1323 – 3 May 1324
31 January 1327 – 6 March 1327
Became a Justice of the King's Bench
Became a Justice of the King's Bench
[33]
Geoffrey le Scroped. 2 December 134027 September 1323 – 21 March 1324Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench[33][34]
Henry le Scropec. 1268 – 7 September 13365 February 1327 – 28 October 1329Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench[33][35]
Richard Willoughbyc. 1290 – 14 March 13626 March 1328 – 22 December 1330
9 October 1340 – November 1341
20 November 1343 – 1357
Became a Justice of the King's Bench
Arrested for corruption
Retired
[33][36]
John Travers2 March 1329 – April 1331Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench[33]
Thomas Bacond. 133630 December 1329 – 28 January 1332Became a Justice of the King's Bench[33]
Robert de Malberthorpd. 133218 January 1331 – October 1331Retired[33]
John Cambridged. 133518 January 1331 – October 1334Retired[33]
John Inge18 January 1331 – October 1340[31]
John Shardelowd. 5 March 134429 January 1332 – October 1340
16 May 1342 – 5 March 1344

Died
[31]
Richard de Aldeburgh29 January 1332 – October 1340
16 May 1342 – 5 March 1344

Died
[31]
William de Shareshull1289/90 — 137030 May 1333 – 20 March 1334
14 May 1334 – 1340
1346 – 1350
Became a Justice of the King's Bench
Removed by Edward III
Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench
[31][37]
John de Trevanion24 September 1334 – 1334Died[31]
William Basset1337 – 28 October 1341Died[31]
Roger Hillaryd. 135618 March 1337 – 8 January 1341
4 June 1432 – 20 February 1354
Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas in Ireland
Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas
[31][38]
William Scottd.1352/618 March 1337 – 2 May 1339Became a Justice of the King's Bench[39][40]
James Woodstockd. 13414 February 1340 – 3 January 1341Died[39]
Robert Parving23 May 1340 – 24 June 1340Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench[39]
Thomas de Heppecotes8 January 1341 – 1342[39]
Richard de Kelleshull30 May 1341 – 1354Retired[39]
Adam Stonegrave28 October 1341 – 10 January 1342Became a Justice of the King's Bench[39]
John Stoufordd. 135925 May 1345 – June 1357[39][41]
Thomas Fencotes14 January 1348 – 30 March 1354Retired[42]
Henry Greend. 13696 February 1354 – 1361Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench[42][43]
Thomas Setond. 6 May 13601355 – 6 May 1360Died[42]
Henry Mutlow4 July 1357 – 1361[42]
John Mowbray11 July 1359 – 1373[42]
William Skipwithc. 1320 – c. 139825 October 1359 – 25 June 1361
8 October 1376 – 1388
Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer
Retired
[44][45]
John Knyvetd. 138124 June 1361 – 29 October 1365Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench[44][46]
John Delves3 February 1364 – 1365[44]
William Fynchedend. 137429 October 1365 – 14 April 1371Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[44][47]
William Witchingham29 October 1365 – 1377[44]
Roger de Kirtond. 7 December 138327 November 1371 – 1380[44][48]
John Cavendish27 November 1371 – 15 July 1372Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench[44]
Roger Fulthorpe27 November 1371 – 1388[44]
Henry Percy26 November 1377 – 1380[44]
Henry Astyd. 13836 December 1380 – 1383Died[49]
John Burgh4 November 1383 – 1388[49]
John Holtd. 14184 November 1383 – 1388[49]
William Thirning11 April 1388 – 15 January 1396Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[49]
William Rickhilld. 140720 May 1389 – 1407Died[49]
John Wadhamd. 27 July 141220 May 1389 – 10 May 1398Retired[49][50]
Richard Sydenham20 May 1389 – 1396[49]
John Markhamd. 31 December 14097 July 1396 – 1408Died[49]
William Hankefordc. 1350 – 12 December 14236 May 1398 – 29 March 1413Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench[49][51]
William Brenchleyd. 20 May 14066 May 1398 – 20 May 1406Died[49]
John Cokaynd. 142914 May 1405 – 1429Died[52]
John Colepeperd. 30 August 141417 June 1406 – 30 August 1414Died[52]
Robert Hilld. 142514 May 1408 – 1423[49]
Richard Nortond. 20 December 14202 May 1413 – 26 June 1413Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[49][53]
William Lodingtond. 9 January 142016 June 1415 – 9 January 1420Died[52]
John Prestond. 29 September 143416 June 1415 – 28 January 1428Retired[52][54]
William Babingtonc. 1370 – 13 October 145430 June 1420 – 5 May 1423Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[52][55]
John Martind. 24 October 143613 October 1420 – 24 October 1436Died[52]
John Juynd. 24 March 14405 May 1423 – 9 February 1436Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[52][56]
John Hals5 May 1423 – 23 January 1424Became a Justice of the King's Bench[52]
James Strangwaysc. 1410 – August 14806 February 1426 – 16 March 1443Died[57][58]
John Cottesmored. 29 October 143915 October 1429 – 20 January 1439Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[57][59]
William Pastond. 14 August 144415 October 1429 – 14 August 1444Died[57]
Richard Newtond. 13 December 14488 November 1438 – 17 September 1439Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[57][60]
Thomas Fulthorped. 3 May 145729 January 1439 – 3 May 1457Died[57]
William Ayscoughd. 30 July 145417 April 1440 – 30 July 1454Died[57]
John Portingtond. 2 June 14541 July 1443 – 2 June 1454Died[57]
Nicholas Aysshtond. 12 March 14669 October 1444 – 12 March 1466Died[57]
Peter Ardend. 2 June 14677 June 1448 – 2 June 1467Died[57]
Robert Danversd. 17 April 146714 August 1450 – 17 April 1467Died[57]
Robert Danbyd. 147428 June 1453 – 11 May 1461Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[57]
Walter Moylec. 1405 – 11 December 14799 July 1454 – 11 December 1479Died[61][62]
John Needham9 May 1457 – 17 June 1471Became a Justice of the King's Bench[61]
Richard Choked. 5 July 14835 September 1461 – 5 July 1483Died[61]
Thomas de Littletond. 23 August 148127 April 1466 – 23 August 1481Died[61]
Thomas Yongec. 1405 – 3/4 May 14774 November 1467 – 29 April 1475Became a Justice of the King's Bench[61][63]
Richard Neled. 15 June 148617 June 1471 – 15 June 1486Died[61]
John Catesbyd. 23 January 148720 November 1481 – 23 January 1487Died[61]
Humphrey Starkeyd. 27 August 148627 June 1483 – 27 August 1486Died[61]
Roger Townshendc. 1430 – 9 November 149320 September 1485 – 9 November 1493Died[61][64]
John Haughd. 14 March 148910 December 1486 – 14 March 1489Died[61]
William Callowd. 29 July 148731 January 1487 – 29 July 1487Died[65]
William Danversd. 17 April 15045 February 1488 – 17 April 1504Died[65]
John Vavasourd. 26 November 150617 October 1489 – 16 October 1506Retired[65][66]
John Fineux11 February 1494 – 24 November 1495Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench[65]
Thomas Woded. 31 August 150224 November 1495 – 28 October 1500Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[65][67]
John Fisherd. 1 May 15103 November 1501 – 1 May 1510Died[65]
John Kingsmilld. 11 May 15092 July 1504 – 11 May 1509Died[65]
John Butlerd. 15 December 151726 April 1508 – 15 December 1517Died[65]
William Grevilled. 9 March 151321 May 1509 – 9 March 1513Died[65]
William Fairfax— 11 May 151426 June 1510 – 11 May 1514Died[65]
Richard Elyotd. 20 May 152226 April 1513 – 20 May 1522Died[65]
Lewis Pollardd. 21 October 152629 May 1514 – 21 October 1526Died[65]
John Morec. 1451 – 5 November 153023 January 1518 – 23 April 1520Became a Justice of the King's Bench[68][69]
Richard Broked. May 152929 April 1520 – 24 January 1526Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer[68][70]
Anthony Fitzherbertc.1470 – 27 May 153820 May 1522 – 27 May 1538Died[68][71]
Thomas Englefieldd. 28 September 153712 November 1526 – 28 September 1537Died[68]
William Shelley1478/9 — 4 January 154917 November 1526 – 4 January 1549Died[68][72]
Thomas Willoughbyd. 29 September 15459 October 1537 – 29 September 1545Died[68]
Christopher Jenneyd. 20 November 154230 June 1538 – 20 November 1542Died[68]
Humphrey Browned. 5 December 156220 November 1542 – 5 December 1562Died[68][73]
John Hyndec.1480 – 17 October 155024 November 1545 – 17 October 1550Died[68]
James Halesc.1500 – 4 August 155420 May 1549 – 4 August 1554Died[68][74]
Edmund Molyneuxd. 28 August 155222 October 1550 – 28 August 1552Died[68]
William Coked. 24 August 155316 November 1552 – 24 August 1553Died[68]
Edward Saunders4 April 1506 – 12 November 15764 October 1553 – 8 May 1557Became Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench[75][76]
William Stanford20 August 1509 – 28 August 15581554 – 28 August 1558Died[75][77]
James Dyer1510 – 24 March 15828 May 1557 – 22 January 1559Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[75][78]
Robert Catlync.1510 – 16 September 157427 October 1558 – 22 January 1559Became Chief Justice of the Queen's Bench[75][79]
Anthony Browne1509/10 — 5 May 156722 January 1559 – 5 May 1567Died[75][80]
Richard Westond. 6 July 157216 October 1559 – 6 July 1572Died[75]
John Walsh, of Cathanger, Fivehead, Somerset[81]d. 12 February 157210 February 1563 – 12 February 1572Died[75]
Richard Harpurd. 29 January 157716 May 1567 – 29 January 1577Died[75]
Roger Manwood1524/5 — 14 December 159214 October 1572 – 17 November 1578Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer[75][82]
Robert Monsonc. 1525 – 24 September 158331 October 1572 – 25 March 1580Retired[75][83]
Thomas Meadd. 26 May 15851 December 1577 – 26 May 1585Died[75]
Francis Wyndhamd. 18 June 159221 June 1579 – 18 June 1592Died[75]
William Peryam1534 – 9 October 160413 February 1581 – 7 February 1593Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer[84][85]
Francis Rodes1524/5 — 17 January 158919 June 1585 – 17 January 1589Died[84][86]
Thomas Walmsleyd. 26 November 161210 May 1589 – 26 November 1612Died[84]
Francis Beaumontd. 22 April 159825 January 1593 – 22 April 1598Died[84]
Thomas Owend. 21 December 159821 January 1594 – 21 December 1598Died[84]
John Glanville1542 – 27 July 160030 June 1598 – 27 July 1600Died[84][87]
George Kingsmilld. 20 March 16068 February 1599 – 29 September 1605Retired[84]
Peter Warburtonc. 1540 – 7 September 162124 November 1600 – 7 September 1621Retired[84][88]
William Danield. 19 May 16103 February 1604 – 19 May 1610Died[84]
Thomas Coventry1547 – 12 December 160613 January 1606 – 12 December 1606Died[84][89]
Thomas Foster10 August 1548 – 18 May 161224 November 1607 – 18 May 1612Died[84][90]
Humphrey Winch1554/5 — 4 February 16257 November 1611 – 4 February 1625Died[84][91]
Augustine NicollsApril 1559 – 3 August 161626 November 1612 – 3 August 1616Died[92][93]
Richard Huttond. 26 February 16393 May 1617 – 26 February 1639Died[92]
William Jones1566 – 6 December 164025 September 1621 – 17 October 1624Became a Justice of the King's Bench[92][94]
Francis Harveyc. 1568 – 2 August 163218 October 1624 – 2 August 1632Died[92][95]
Thomas Chamberlayned. 27 September 162520 October 1624 – 27 September 1625Died[92]
George Crokec. 1560 – 16 February 164211 February 1625 – 9 October 1628Became a Justice of the King's Bench[92][96]
Henry Yelverton29 June 1566 – 24 January 163010 May 1625 – 24 January 1630Died[92][97]
Humphrey Davenportc. 1566 – March 16452 February 1630 – 10 January 1631Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer[92][98]
George Vernonc. 1578 – 16 December 16398 May 1631 – 16 December 1639Died[92]
Francis Crawley1574/5 — 13 February 165011 October 1632 – 24 November 1645Appointed by the king, Crawley was disabled by Parliament[92][99]
Edmund Reevec. 1589 – 27 March 164724 March 1639 – 27 March 1647Died[92][100]
Robert Foster1589 – 27 March 164727 January 1640 – 24 November 1645
31 May 1660 – 21 October 1660
Appointed by the king, Foster was disabled by Parliament
Following the English Restoration, Foster was restored to the court before becoming Chief Justice of the King's Bench
[101][102]
Peter Phesant1584 – 1 October 16497 October 1645 – 1 October 1649Died[101][103]
John Godboltd. 3 August 16481 May 1647 – 3 August 1648Died[101]
Richard Cresheldd. 165218 October 1648 – 8 February 1649Retired[101]
Thomas Bedingfield1591/2 — 24 March 166122 November 1648 – 8 February 1649Retired[101][104]
John Pulestonc. 1583 – 5 September 165912 June 1649 – 1654Retired[101][105]
Peter Warburton27 March 1588 – 28 February 166612 June 1649 – 1654Retired[101][106]
Edward Atkyns1587 – 9 October 166923 October 1649 – January 1660Retired[101][107]
Matthew Hale1 November 1609 – 25 December 167631 January 1653 – May 1659Retired[101][108]
Hugh Wyndham1602/3 — 27 July 168430 May 1654 – May 1661
22 January 1673 – 27 July 1684
Not reappointed
Died
[109][110]
John Archer1598 – 8 February 168211 February 1659 – May 1661
4 November 1663 – 8 February 1682
Not reappointed
Died
[109][111]
Robert Hyde1595/6 — 1 May 166531 May 1660 – 19 October 1663Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench[109][112]
Thomas Tyrrell1593/4 — 8 March 16727 July 1660 – 8 March 1672Died[109][113]
Samuel Brownec. 1598 – 11 April 16683 November 1660 – 11 April 1668Died[109][114]
William Wildec. 1611 – 11 April 166816 April 1668 – 21 January 1673Became a Justice of the King's Bench[109][115]
Robert Atkynsd. 18 February 171025 April 1672 – 17 April 1689Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer[109][116]
William EllisJuly 1609 – 3 December 168018 December 1672 – 4 July 1676
30 April 1679 – 3 December 1680
Removed
Died
[117][118]
William Scroggsc. 1623 – 24 January 169523 October 1676 – 31 May 1678Became Chief Justice of the King's Bench[117][119]
Vere Bertiec. 1638 – 23 February 168115 June 1678 – 29 April 1679Removed[117][120]
Thomas Raymond1626/7 — 14 July 16837 February 1680 – 24 April 1680Became a Justice of the King's Bench[117][121]
Job Charltonc. 1614 – 27 May 169726 April 1680 – 20 April 1686Removed[117][122]
Creswell Levinz1627 – 29 January 170112 February 1681 – 9 February 1686Removed[117][123]
Thomas Streetd. 8 March 169629 October 1684 – 1689Not reappointed on the accession of William III and Mary II[117]
Henry Bedingfield1632 – 6 February 168710 February 1686 – 21 April 1686Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[117][124]
Edward Lutwyche6 September 1634 – 11 June 170921 April 1686 – 1689Not reappointed on the accession of William III and Mary II[117][125]
John Powell1632/3 — 7 September 169624 April 1686 – 13 April 1687
18 March 1689 – 7 September 1696
Became a Justice of the King's Bench
Died
[126][127]
Christopher Milton1615 – March 169314 April 1687 – 6 July 1688Removed[126][128]
Thomas Jenner1638 – 31 December 17066 July 1688 – 1689Not reappointed on the accession of William III and Mary II[126][129]
William Gregory1 March 1625 – 28 May 169618 April 1689 – 8 May 1689Became a Justice of the King's Bench[126][130]
Thomas Rokebyc. 1631 – 26 November 16998 May 1689 – 25 October 1695Became a Justice of the King's Bench[126][131]
Peyton VentrisNovember 1645 – 6 April 16919 May 1689 – 6 April 1691Died[126][132]
Edward Nevilled. 7 August 170530 October 1691 – 7 August 1705Died[126]
John Powell26 May 1645 – 14 June 171326 October 1695 – 23 June 1702Became a Justice of the King's Bench[126][133]
John Blencowe30 November 1642 – 8 May 172624 November 1697 – 22 June 1722Retired[126][134]
Robert Tracy1655 – 11 September 173523 June 1702 – 26 October 1726Retired[126][135]
Robert Dormerd. 18 September 172611 February 1706 – 18 September 1726Died[136]
Alexander Dentond. 22 March 174025 June 1722 – 22 March 1740Died[136]
Robert Price14 January 1655 – 2 February 173320 October 1726 – 2 February 1733Died[136][137]
Francis Page1660/1 — 19 December 17414 November 1726 – 27 September 1727Became a Justice of the King's Bench[136][138]
Spencer Cowper23 February 1670 – 10 December 172824 October 1727 – 10 December 1728Died[136][139]
John Fortescue Aland7 March 1670 – 19 December 174623 January 1729 – 25 June 1746Resigned[136][140]
Thomas Reeve1672/3 — 19 January 173715 April 1733 – 26 January 1736Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[136][141]
John Comynsc. 1667 – 13 November 17405 February 1736 – 7 July 1738Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer[136][142]
William Fortescued. 16 December 17497 July 1738 – 5 November 1741Became Master of the Rolls[136][143]
Thomas Parkerd. 29 December 178421 April 1740 – 29 November 1742Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer[136][144]
Thomas Burnet19 February 1694 – 7 January 17535 November 1741 – 7 January 1753Died[136][145]
Thomas Abney1690/1 — 7 January 175310 February 1743 – 19 May 1750Died[136][146]
Thomas Birchd. 12 March 175724 June 1746 – 12 March 1757Died[147]
Nathaniel Gundryd. 30 March 175423 June 1750 – 30 March 1754Died[147]
Edward Clive1704 – 18 April 177129 January 1753 – 13 February 1770Retired[147][148]
Henry Bathurst20 May 1714 – 6 August 17942 May 1754 – 23 January 1771Became Lord Chancellor[147][149]
William Noel19 March 1695 – 8 December 17623 May 1757 – 8 December 1762Died[147][150]
Henry Gould1710 – 5 March 179415 December 1762 – 5 March 1794Died[147][151]
Joseph Yates1722 – 7 June 177016 February 1770 – 7 June 1770Died[147][152]
William Blackstone10 July 1723 – 14 February 178025 June 1770 – 14 February 1780Died[147][153]
George Nares1716 – 20 July 178626 January 1771 – 20 July 1786Died[147][154]
John Heath1736 – 16 January 18167 July 1780 – 16 January 1816Died[147][155]
John Wilson6 August 1741 – 18 October 17936 November 1786 – 18 October 1793Died[147][156]
Giles Rooke3 June 1743 – 7 March 18087 November 1793 – 7 March 1808Died[147][157]
Soulden Lawrence1751 – 8 July 18147 March 1794 – 18 June 1794
31 March 1808 – 28 May 1812
Became a Justice of the King's Bench
Retired
[158][159]
Francis Buller17 March 1746 – 4 June 180018 June 1794 – 4 June 1800Died[158][160]
Alan Chambre4 October 1739 – 20 September 182311 June 1800 – 11 January 1816Retired[158][161]
Vicary Gibbs27 October 1751 – 8 February 182029 May 1812 – 6 November 1813Became Chief Baron of the Exchequer[158][162]
Robert Dallas16 October 1756 – 25 December 182418 November 1813 – 4 November 1818Became Chief Justice of the Common Pleas[158][163]
James Alan Park6 April 1763 – 8 December 183823 January 1816 – 8 December 1838Died[158][164]
Charles Abbott7 October 1762 – 4 November 183212 February 1816 – 2 May 1816Became a Justice of the King's Bench[158][165]
James BurroughAugust 1749 – 25 March 18374 May 1816 – 16 January 1830Retired[158][166]
John Richardson3 March 1771 – 19 March 184130 November 1818 – 18 June 1824Retired[158][167]
Stephen Gaseleed. 26 March 18395 July 1824 – 22 February 1837Retired[168]
John Bosanquet2 May 1773 – 25 September 18471 February 1830 – 16 January 1830Retired[168][169]
Edward Hall Aldersond. 27 January 18571 November 1830 – 29 April 1834Became a Baron of the Exchequer[168][170]
John Vaughan11 February 1769 – 25 September 183929 April 1834 – 25 September 1839Died[168][171]
Thomas Coltmand. 11 July 184923 February 1837 – 11 July 1849Died[168]
Thomas Erskine12 March 1788 – 9 November 18649 January 1839 – 4 November 1844Retired[168][172]
William Henry Maule25 April 1788 – 16 January 185811 November 1839 – 3 July 1855Retired[168][173]
Cresswell Cresswell20 August 1793 – 29 July 186326 January 1842 – 11 January 1858Became a judge of the newly—created Court for Divorce and Matrimonial Causes[168][174]
William Erle1 October 1793 – 28 January 18806 November 1844 – 27 October 1846Became a justice of the Queen's Bench[168][175]
Edward Vaughan Williams1797 – 2 November 187527 October 1846 – 7 February 1865Retired[168][176]
Thomas Noon Talfourd26 May 1795 – 13 March 185428 July 1849 – 13 March 1854Died[168][177]
Richard Crowder17 May 1796 — 5 December 185924 March 1854 – 5 December 1859Died[178][179]
James Shaw Willes13 February 1814 – 2 October 18723 July 1855 – 2 October 1872Died[178][180]
John Barnard Byles11 January 1801 – 3 February 18849 January 1858 – 23 January 1873Retired[178][181]
Henry Singer Keating13 January 1804 – 1 October 188814 December 1859 – 5 February 1875Retired[178][182]
Montague Edward Smith25 December 1806 – 3 May 18917 February 1865 – 3 November 1871Became a member of the Privy Council[178][183]
William Brett13 August 1815 – 5 December 185924 August 1868 – 1 November 1875Became a judge of the High Court of Justice (Common Pleas Division)[178][184]
Robert Collier21 June 1817 – 27 October 18867 November 1871 – 22 November 1871Became a member of the Privy Council[178][185]
William Robert Grove11 July 1811 – 1 August 189630 November 1871 – 1 November 1875Became a judge of the High Court of Justice (Common Pleas Division)[178][186]
George Denman23 December 1819 – 21 December 189617 October 1872 – 1 November 1875Became a judge of the High Court of Justice (Common Pleas Division)[178][187]
George Honyman22 January 1819 – 16 September 187523 January 1873 – 18 February 1875Retired[178][188]
Thomas Dickson Archibald1817 – 18 October 1876[189]6 February 1875 – 1 November 1875Became a judge of the High Court of Justice (Common Pleas Division)[178]
John Walter Huddleston8 September 1815 – 5 December 189022 February 1875 – 12 May 1875Became a Baron of the Exchequer[190][191]
Nathaniel Lindley29 November 1828 – 9 December 192112 May 1875 – 1 November 1875Became a judge of the High Court of Justice (Common Pleas Division)[190][192]

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  156. Lemmings, David (2004). "Wilson, Sir John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/29666.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  157. Lemmings, David (2004). "Rooke, Sir Giles". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24060.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  158. Sainty (1993) p.82
  159. Oldham, James (2004). "Lawrence, Sir Soulden". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/16186.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  160. Oldham, James (2004). "Buller, Sir Francis". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/3914.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  161. Oldham, James (2004). "Chambré, Sir Alan". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/5086.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  162. Melikan, R.A. (2004). "Gibbs, Sir Vicary". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/10608.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  163. Wells, Nathan (2004). "Dallas, Sir Robert". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7037.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  164. Hamilton, J. A. (2004). "Park, Sir James". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/21274.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  165. Lobban, Michael (2004). "Abbott, Charles". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/12.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  166. Lobhan, Michael (2004). "Burrough, Sir James". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/4105.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  167. Rigg, J.A.; Hugh Mooney (2004). "Richardson, Sir John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/23565.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  168. Sainty (1993) p.83
  169. Barker, G. F. R. (2004). "Bosanquet, Sir John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/2929.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  170. Hedley, Steve (2004). "Alderson, Sir Edward". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/303.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  171. Rigg, J.M. (2004). "Vaughan, Sir John". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/28137.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  172. Hamilton, J.A. (2004). "Erskine, Thomas". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/8874.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  173. FitzGerald, J. D.; Hugh Mooney (2004). "Maule, Sir William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/18369.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  174. Getzler, Joshua S. (2004). "Cresswell, Sir Cresswell". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/6673.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  175. Allen, C. J. W. (2004). "Erle, Sir William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/8838.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  176. Jones, N.G. (2004). "Williams, Sir Edward Vaughan". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/29501.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  177. Hall, Edith (2004). "Talfourd, Sir Thomas Noon". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/26951.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  178. Sainty (1993) p.84
  179. Hamilton, J.A. (2004). "Crowder, Sir Richard". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/6821.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  180. Simpson, A.W.B. (2004). "Wiles, Sir James". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/29442.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  181. Jones, Gareth H. (2004). "Byles, Sir John Barndard". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/4259.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  182. Hedley, Steve (2004). "Keating, Sir Henry Singer". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/15226.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  183. Pugsley, David (2004). "Smith, Sir Montague Edward". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/25881.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  184. Hedley, Steve (2004). "Brett, William Baliol". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/3350.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  185. Pugsley, David (2004). "Collier, Robert Porrett". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/5921.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  186. Morus, Iwan Rhys (2004). "Grove, Sir William Robert". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/11685.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  187. Carr, William (2004). "Denman, George". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7493.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  188. Boase, G.C. (2004). "Honyman, Sir George". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/13665.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  189. Mooney, Hugh (2004). "Archibald, Sir Thomas Dickson". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/632.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  190. Sainty (1993) p.85
  191. Rigg, J.M. (2004). "Huddleston, Sir John Walter". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/14027.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  192. Jones, Gareth H. (2004). "Lindley, Nathaniel". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/34535.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

Bibliography

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  • Foss, Edward (1870). A Biographical Dictionary of the Justices of England (1066 - 1870). Spottiswoode and Company. OCLC 181068114.
  • Kemp, Brian (1973). "Exchequer and Bench in the Later Twelfth Century -- Separate or Identical Tribunals?". The English Historical Review. Oxford University Press. 88 (348). ISSN 0013-8266.
  • Mackay, James (2002). Halsbury's Laws of England. 10 (4th ed.). LexisNexis. ISBN 90-411-1742-3.
  • Sainty, John (1993). The Judges of England 1272 -1990: a list of judges of the superior courts. Oxford: Selden Society. OCLC 29670782.
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