Jury Prize (Cannes Film Festival)

The Jury Prize (French: Prix du Jury) is an award presented at the Cannes Film Festival, chosen by the Jury from the "official section" of movies at the festival.[1] According to film critic Dave Kehr, the award is "intended to recognize an original work that embodies the spirit of inquiry."[2]

History

In 1946, a prize named International Jury Prize was awarded for that year only.[3] Starting from 1951, the Special Jury Prize (Prix spécial du Jury) was awarded among other secondary prizes. In 1954, after a lot of criticism about the whimsical nature of these awards, the Festival authorities decided to turn to a more traditional prize-giving arrangement.[4] In 1967, with the creation of the Grand Prix Spécial du Jury, the second in importance prize after the Palme d'Or, the Special Jury Prize gave its place to the Jury Prize and has been awarded under this name since. Six times in the 1970s, three in the 1980s and in 2001, no Jury Prize was awarded. The Special Jury Prize reappeared only twice, once in 1995, given along with the Jury Prize, and once in 1996, as the only prize of the Jury.[5][6]

New Zealand filmmaker Jane Campion was the president of the Jury for the 2014 festival and oversaw a rare decision, in which the Jury Prize was awarded to two films: Mommy, by 25-year-old Xavier Dolan, and Goodbye to Language, by 83-year-old Jean-Luc Godard.[7]

UK directors Andrea Arnold and Ken Loach are tied for the record for most Jury Prizes. As of 2016 Arnold was awarded the prize for her films Red Road, Fish Tank, and American Honey, while Loach was awarded the prize for his films Hidden Agenda, Raining Stones, and The Angels' Share. Michelangelo Antonioni, René Clément, Masaki Kobayashi, and Samira Makhmalbaf have each won the award twice.

Film academic Andrew M. Butler regards jury prizes such as Cannes' as a way of helping a film gain a distribution deal.[8]

Award winners

The following films were awarded the Jury Prize at the Cannes Film Festival through the years.[9]

YearFilmDirectorNationality of director *Name of award
1946La Bataille du railRené ClémentFranceInternational Jury Prize
1947 - 49No Award
1951All About EveJoseph L. MankiewiczUnited StatesSpecial Jury Prize
1952Nous sommes tous des assassinsAndré CayatteFrance
1953No Award
1954Knave of HeartsRené ClémentFrance / U.K.Special Jury Prize
1955Lost Continent (Continente Perduto)Enrico Gras
Giorgio Moser
Leonardo Bonzi
Italy
1956The Mystery of Picasso (Le mystère Picasso)Henri-Georges ClouzotFrance
1957KanałAndrzej WajdaPoland
The Seventh Seal (Det sjunde inseglet)Ingmar BergmanSweden
1958Mon OncleJacques TatiFrance
1959Stars (Sterne)Konrad WolfEast Germany
1960L'avventuraMichelangelo AntonioniItalyJury Prize
Odd Obsession (Kagi)Kon IchikawaJapan
1961Mother Joan of the Angels (Matka Joanna od aniołów)Jerzy KawalerowiczPolandSpecial Jury Prize
1962The Trial of Joan of Arc (Procès de Jeanne d'Arc)Robert BressonFrance
L'EclisseMichelangelo AntonioniItaly
1963Harakiri (Seppuku)Masaki KobayashiJapan
The Cassandra Cat (Az prijde kocour)Vojtěch JasnýCzechoslovakia
1964Woman in the Dunes (Suna no onna)Hiroshi TeshigaharaJapan
1965KwaidanMasaki KobayashiJapan
1966AlfieLewis GilbertUnited Kingdom
1968No awards this year because of the May 1968 events in France.
1969ZCosta-GavrasGreeceJury Prize
1970The Falcons (Magasiskola)István GaálHungary
The Strawberry StatementStuart HagmannUnited States
1971Love (Szerelem)Károly MakkHungary
Joe HillBo WiderbergSweden
1972Slaughterhouse-FiveGeorge Roy HillUnited States
1973The Hour-Glass Sanatorium (Sanatorium pod Klepsydrą)Wojciech HasPoland
The Invitation (L'Invitation)Claude GorettaSwitzerland
1974-1979No Award
1980The Constant Factor (Constans)Krzysztof ZanussiPolandJury Prize
1981-1982No Award
1983KharijMrinal SenIndiaJury Prize
1984No Award
1985Colonel Redl (Oberst Redl)István SzabóHungaryJury Prize
1986ThérèseAlain CavalierFrance
1987YeelenSouleymane CisséMali
Shinran: Path to PurityRentarō MikuniJapan
1988A Short Film About Killing (Krótki film o zabijaniu)Krzysztof KieślowskiPoland
1989Jesus of MontrealDenys ArcandCanada
1990Hidden AgendaKen LoachUnited Kingdom
1991EuropaLars von TrierDenmark
Hors la vieMaroun BagdadiLebanon
1992Dream of Light (El Sol del Membrillo)Víctor EriceSpain
An Independent LifeVitali KanevskiRussia
1993The Puppetmaster (Hsimeng Rensheng)Hou Hsiao-hsienTaiwan
Raining StonesKen LoachUnited Kingdom
1994La Reine MargotPatrice ChéreauFrance
1995Don't Forget You're Going to DieXavier BeauvoisFrance
CarringtonChristopher HamptonUnited KingdomSpecial Jury Prize
1996CrashDavid CronenbergCanada
1997WesternManuel PoirierFranceJury Prize
1998Class Trip (La classe de neige)Claude MillerFrance
The Celebration (Festen)Thomas VinterbergDenmark
1999The Letter (A Carta)Manoel de OliveiraPortugal
2000Blackboards (Takhte Siah)Samira MakhmalbafIran
Songs from the Second Floor (Sånger Från Andra Våningen)Roy AnderssonSweden
2001No Award
2002Divine Intervention (Yadon Ilaheyya)Elia SuleimanPalestineJury Prize
2003At Five in the Afternoon (Panj e asr)Samira MakhmalbafIran
2004Tropical Malady (Sud Pralad)Apichatpong WeerasethakulThailand
Actress Irma P. Hall for The LadykillersJoel and Ethan CoenUnited States
2005Shanghai Dreams (Qing hong)Wang XiaoshuaiChina
2006Red RoadAndrea ArnoldUnited Kingdom
2007PersepolisMarjane Satrapi
Vincent Paronnaud
France
Silent Light (Luz Silenciosa)Carlos ReygadasMexico
2008Il DivoPaolo SorrentinoItaly
2009Thirst (Bakjwi)Park Chan-wookSouth Korea
Fish TankAndrea ArnoldUnited Kingdom
2010A Screaming Man (Un Homme qui crie)Mahamat-Saleh HarounChad
2011PolisseMaïwennFrance
2012The Angels' ShareKen LoachUnited Kingdom
2013Like Father, Like SonHirokazu KoreedaJapan
2014 Goodbye to Language (Adieu au Langage)Jean-Luc GodardFrance / Switzerland
MommyXavier DolanCanada
2015The LobsterYorgos LanthimosGreece
2016American HoneyAndrea ArnoldUnited Kingdom
2017Loveless (Нелюбовь)Andrey ZvyagintsevRussia
2018Capernaum (كفرناحوم)Nadine LabakiLebanon
2019BacurauKleber Mendonça Filho
Juliano Dornelles
Brazil
Les Misérables Ladj Ly France
* Nationality of director given as it was at the time of the award.

See also

References

  1. "Cannes Film Festival". IMDb. IMDb.com, Inc. 1990–2017. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
  2. Kehr, Dave (1992). 45 Years: Cannes Festival International du Film. Museum of Modern Art. p. 15. OCLC 646921388.
  3. "Awards 1946 : All Awards (archived)". festival-cannes.fr. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  4. "The History of the Festival / The 50s". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  5. "Awards 1995 : All Awards (archived)". festival-cannes.fr. Archived from the original on 3 January 2015. Retrieved 28 May 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  6. "Awards 1996 : All Awards (archived)". festival-cannes.fr. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  7. Xan Brooks (25 May 2014). "Cannes festival ready for shut-eye after Winter Sleep wins Palme d'Or". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
  8. Butler, Andrew M. (2002). "11. National Cinema". Film Studies. Oldacastle Books. p. 128. ISBN 184243828X.
  9. "Prix du Jury - Festival de Cannes". allocine.fr (in French). Retrieved 28 May 2017.
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