Julius Scheiner

Julius Scheiner (25 November 1858 – 20 December 1913) was a German astronomer, born in Cologne and educated at Bonn. He became assistant at the astrophysical observatory in Potsdam in 1887 and its observer in chief in 1898, three years after his appointment to the chair of astrophysics in the University of Berlin. Scheiner paid special attention to celestial photography and wrote Die Spektralanalyse der Gestirne (1890); Lehrbuch der Photographie der Gestirne (1897); Strahlung und Temperatur der Sonne (1899); Der Bau des Weltalls (1901); third edition (1909). In 1899 he began the publication of the Photographische Himmelskarte; Zone +31° bis +40° Deklination.

He is also credited with developing the first system for measuring the sensitivity of photographic emulsions in 1894,[1] Scheinergrade, which also inspired the later DIN 4512 standard to measure film speeds.

Further reading

  • Frost, Edwin B. (1915). "Julius Scheiner". The Astrophysical Journal. 41: 1–9. Bibcode:1915ApJ....41....1F. doi:10.1086/142145.
  • This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. Missing or empty |title= (help)


  1. Martin Riat. Graphische Techniken - Eine Einführung in die verschiedenen Techniken und ihre Geschichte. E-Book, 3. German edition, Burriana, spring 2006 (), based on a Catalan book: Martin Riat. Tècniques Gràfiques: Una introducció a les diferents tècniques i a la seva història. 1. edition, Aubert, September 1983, ISBN 84-86243-00-9.

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