Jules Méline

Félix Jules Méline (French pronunciation: [ʒyl melin]; 20 May 1838  21 December 1925) was a French statesman, prime minister from 1896 to 1898.

Jules Méline
50th Prime Minister of France
In office
29 April 1896  28 June 1898
Preceded byLéon Bourgeois
Succeeded byHenri Brisson
Personal details
Born20 May 1838
Died21 December 1925(1925-12-21) (aged 87)
Political partyProgressive Republican
Republican Federation


Méline was born at Remiremont. Having taken up law as his profession, he was chosen a deputy in 1872, and in 1879 he was for a short time under-secretary to the minister of the interior. In 1880 he came to the front as the leading spokesman of the party which favoured the protection of French industries, and he had a considerable share in fashioning the protectionist legislation of the years 1890–1902. From 1883 to 1885 Méline was minister for agriculture, and in 1888–1889 he was president of the Chamber of Deputies. In 1896 he became premier (président du conseil) and minister for agriculture, offices which he vacated in 1898.[1]

At one time he edited La République francaise, and after his retirement from public life he wrote Le Retour de la terre et Ia surproduction industrielle, tout en faveur de l'agriculture (1905).[1]

The introduction of French protectionist measure of 1892 is named after him, the Méline tariff.[2]

Méline's Ministry

Méline's Ministry, 29 April 1896 – 28 June 1898:


  • 26 September 1896 – Jean-Baptiste Darlan succeeds Rambaud as Minister of Worship, remaining also Minister of Justice. Rambaud remains Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts.
  • 1 December 1897 – Victor Milliard succeeds Darlan as Minister of Justice and Worship.
  • 31 May 1898 – Gabriel Hanotaux succeeds Lebon as interim Minister of Colonies, remaining also Minister of Foreign Affairs.


  1. Chisholm 1911, p. 94.
  2. Michael S. Smith, "The Méline Tariff as Social Protection: Rhetoric or Reality?" International Review of Social History (1992) 37 : pp 230-243


 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Méline, Félix Jules". Encyclopædia Britannica. 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 94.

Political offices
Preceded by
Léon Bourgeois
Prime Minister of France
Succeeded by
Henri Brisson
Preceded by
François de Mahy
Minister of Agriculture
Succeeded by
Hervé Mangon
Preceded by
Albert Viger
Minister of Agriculture
Succeeded by
Albert Viger
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