Josiah Bushnell Grinnell
Josiah Bushnell Grinnell (December 22, 1821 – March 31, 1891) was a U.S. Congressman from Iowa's 4th congressional district, an ordained Congregational minister, founder of Grinnell, Iowa and benefactor of Grinnell College.
Josiah Bushnell Grinnell
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Iowa's 4th district
March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1867
|Preceded by||District created|
|Succeeded by||William Loughridge|
|Member of the Iowa Senate|
|Born||December 22, 1821|
New Haven, Vermont, U.S.
|Died||March 31, 1891 69) (aged|
Grinnell, Iowa, U.S.
|Resting place||Hazelwood Cemetery|
|Occupation||Politician, minister, Underground Railroad conductor|
Grinnell was born in New Haven, Vermont, in 1821. He studied first at Oneida Institute starting in 1841. He graduated from Auburn Theological Seminary in New York City in 1847. He held pastorates in Washington, D.C., and New York City before moving to Iowa. Grinnell was the young man to whom Horace Greeley is quoted as having given the famous advice, "Go West, young man." Grinnell was also involved in railway building and was instrumental in the move of Grinnell College, known at the time as Iowa College, from Davenport to the newly established town of Grinnell.
In Iowa, Grinnell was elected to the Iowa Senate, where he served from 1856 to 1860. At the same time, he studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1858, and set up his legal practice in Grinnell. He was a delegate to the 1860 Republican National Convention that nominated Abraham Lincoln for President.
In 1862, after the 1860 census increased the number of U.S. House seats in Iowa from two to six, Grinnell ran for the newly created seat representing Iowa's 4th congressional district. The Fourth District was then a diamond-shaped configuration of twelve counties that included Newton and Iowa City, and ran from the Missouri border to the southern edge of Waterloo. After winning the Republican nomination and the general election in 1862, he served in the Thirty-eighth Congress. In 1864 he won re-election, serving in the Thirty-ninth Congress. On June 14, 1866, he was assaulted by fellow congressman Lovell Rousseau for insulting him and his home state of Kentucky during a House debate.
Grinnell lost the Republican nomination for a third term, losing by thirteen votes to Judge William Loughridge in June 1866.
After his service in Congress, Grinnell resumed the practice of law. He was also interested in the building of railroads, becoming a director of the Rock Island Railroad, and receiver of the Iowa Central Railroad (later the St. Louis & St. Paul Railroad). He also served as president of the Iowa State Horticultural Society and of the First National Bank in Grinnell.
- Grinnell, J. B. (1891). Men and Events of Forty Years: Autobiographical Reminiscences of an active career from 1850 to 1890. Boston: D. Lothrop.
Articles on his life and his obituary are available from the online resources from Drake Library in Grinnell, Iowa. Many additional materials are available in the Grinnell Room Archives at Drake Library.
- Articles on J.B. Grinnell's Underground Railroad activities Archived 2007-07-05 at the Wayback Machine and his association with John Brown Archived 2007-07-05 at the Wayback Machine can be found in these PDF articles.
- "Tidbits: Did You Know". American Profile. 2007-07-15.
- Iowa Congressional District Maps, 1847-2013 Archived 2008-06-30 at the Wayback Machine, accessed 2009-06-07.
- "The Congressional Nomination in the Fourth District," Davenport Daily Gazette, 1866-06-18, at p. 2.
- Grinnell, Josiah Bushnell; Henry W. Parker (1891). Men and Events of Forty Years. p. 456.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Josiah Bushnell Grinnell.|
- United States Congress. "Josiah Bushnell Grinnell (id: G000478)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
. Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1892.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
|New district|| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Iowa's 4th congressional district