Joseph V. Brady
Joseph Vincent Brady (March 28, 1922 – July 29, 2011) was a behavioral neuroscientist at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in the United States. While at the Walter Reed Institute he performed the experiment "Ulcers in Executive Monkeys" that suggested a link between stress and peptic ulcers. This research was significant in establishing the idea that stress was a physical illness, with important influence in the development of Psychology and Neuroscience.
After the launch of Sputnik he became responsible for training monkeys for the space program, in particular Ham. Ham was the first hominid in space and rode aboard a Redstone launch vehicle. The training of Ham was performed in a similar way to his earlier studies on executive monkeys.
He founded the Programmed Environment Research Center as well as the Division of Behavioral Biology in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He continued to work there for three decades and received the P.B. Dews Lifetime Achievement Award in Behavioral Pharmacology in 2004. Based upon his seminal work in programmed environments, he continued to explore the potential application of behavioral management principles to long-duration space flight.
- Brady, J.V. (2007). Behavior Analysis in the Space Age. The Behavior Analyst Today, 8(4), 398-413
- Findley, J.D., Migler, B.M., & Brady, J.V. (1963). A long-term study of human performance in a continuously programmed experimental environment. Technical Report to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. University of Maryland, College Park.
- Emurian, H.H., & Brady, J.V. (2007). Behavioral Health Management of Space Dwelling Groups: Safe Passage Beyond Earth Orbit. The Behavior Analyst Today, 8(2), 113-135
- Emurian, H.H., Canfield, G.C., Roma, P.G., Gasior, E.D., Brinson, Z.S., Hienz, R.D., Hursh, S.R., & Brady, J.V. (2009). Behavioral Systems Management of Confined Microsocieties: An Agenda for Research and Applications. Proceedings of the 39th International Conference on Environmental Systems (Paper number:2009-01-2423), Warrendale, PA: SAE International, 2009.
- Emurian, H.H., Canfield, K., & Brady, J.V. (2010). Behavior analysis of team performance: A case study of membership replacement. The Behavior Analyst Today, 11(3), 161-185
- Institutes for Behavior Resources, Inc
- "Influential NASA researcher Joseph V. Brady dies at 89". Washington Post. August 4, 2011.