Joseph Laniel

Joseph Laniel (French pronunciation: [ʒɔzɛf lanjɛl]; 12 October 1889, Vimoutiers, Orne – 8 April 1975, Paris) was a French conservative politician of the Fourth Republic, who served as Prime Minister for a year from 1953 to 1954. During the middle of his tenure as Prime Minister Laniel was an unsuccessful candidate for the French Presidency, a post won by René Coty. Laniel was born in Vimoutiers, Orne, and died in Paris, France.

Joseph Laniel
92nd Prime Minister of France
In office
28 June 1953  18 June 1954
Preceded byRené Mayer
Succeeded byPierre Mendès France
Personal details
Born12 October 1889
Died8 April 1975(1975-04-08) (aged 85)
Political partyCNIP

Co-founder of the Republican Party of Liberty (PRL), then of the National Center of Independents and Peasants (CNIP), Laniel's cabinet was overturned after the French defeat at Dien Bien Phu in Indochina in 1954. He was succeeded by Pierre Mendès France.

Laniel's Ministry, 28 June 1953 – 19 June 1954


  • 3 June 1954 – Édouard Frédéric-Dupont enters the ministry as Minister of Relations with Partner States.
Political offices
Preceded by
Charles Brune
Minister of Posts
Succeeded by
Roger Duchet
Preceded by
Maurice Petsche
Minister of State
Succeeded by
Preceded by
René Mayer
Prime Minister of France
Succeeded by
Pierre Mendès France
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