Joseph-Marie Lo Duca
Joseph-Marie Lo Duca (French: [lo dyka]; 18 November 1905 or 1910 – 6 August 2004) was an Italian-born journalist, novelist, art critic, and film historian best known as the co-founder in 1951 of the influential French magazine Cahiers du Cinéma with André Bazin, Jacques Doniol-Valcroze, and Léonide Keigel.
Lo Duca (originally Giuseppe Lo Duca) was born in Milan, Italy, in 1905 or 1910 to a family of Sicilian origin. Fascinated from an early age with reading and writing, he published his first novel, La sfera di platino ("The Sphere of Platinum"), in 1927. His later work, translated and published in France, won the enthusiasm of André Breton, Paul Valéry, Marcel Griaule, and Jean Cocteau.
To avoid arrest after a feud with sculptor Arturo Martini, Lo Duca emigrated to Paris in 1935 where he was eventually appointed director of the Centre international de documentation photographique et cinématographique de Paris (International Centre of Photographic and Cinematographic Documentation of Paris). With Paul Valéry, he co-wrote Conversation sur l’histoire along with monographs on painters including Henri Rousseau and Giorgio de Chirico.
In 1942, having assembled a wealth of rare documents and objects related to cinema, Lo Duca established the Musée Canudo at the Palais de Chaillot in Paris with the goal of founding the International Museum of Cinema in Rome. The project for the Rome museum, however, did not survive the war.
In 1948, he published Le dessin animé ("The Animated Cartoon") with a preface by Walt Disney. His Histoire du cinéma (1942) was translated into twelve languages while Technique du cinéma (1948) became a noted reference work.
His novel, Journal secret de Napoléon Bonaparte ("The Secret Diary of Napoleon Bonaparte"), published in 1948 with a preface by Jean Cocteau, received enthusiastic reviews from Georges Bataille, Jacques Audiberti, Joseph Delteil, Marcel Pagnol, Jean Dutourd, and Jacques Chastenet. André Breton claimed the author had invented "history-fiction", a new literary genre. Acknowledged as his greatest success, the novel was re-published in France in 1980 and 1997.
In 1951, he co-founded the Cahiers du Cinéma and remained on its editorial board until 1955.
Between 1958 and 1967, Lo Duca co-edited the Bibliothèque internationale d'érotologie (International Library of Erotology) published by Jean-Jacques Pauvert. A specialist in erotic art, his works include Eros im Bild (1942) with a preface by Georges Bataille, L'erotismo nel cinema (1945), Storia dell'erotismo (1968), Dizionario di sessuologia (1972), Manuel des confesseurs (1982), and Luxure de luxe: arte erotica nei fumetti da Botticelli a Lichtenstein, (1983). Erudite with a taste for provocation, he published Les mines de Sodome (2001), a trilogy of sexually explicit short stories, when he was over 90 years old.
In 1951, Joseph-Marie Lo Duca found a copy of the negative of Carl Theodor Dreyer's second version of 'The passion of Joan of Arc' in the Gaumont Studios vaults. Lo Duca then made several significant changes, including the addition of a Baroque score and the replacing of many intertitles with subtitles. For many years, Lo Duca's version was the only one available. Dreyer himself objected to this cut, however.
Interviewed by Radio France in 1999 about his long career, he highlighted his defense of the freedom of artistic expression under severe French censorship during the 1960s.
In 2004, he granted his last major interview to Canadian filmmaker Damian Pettigrew on the creative relationship between Fellini and his wife, Giulietta Masina, as well as Italian writer Mario Tobino's influence on the screenplay of La Dolce Vita.
- La Sphère de platine (1927)
- Histoire du cinéma (1942)
- La Technique du cinéma (1948)
- Le Journal Secret de Napoléon Bonaparte (1948)
- L’Histoire de l’Erotisme (1961) - A History of Eroticism (trans. Kenneth Anger, 1966)
- Erotique de l'Art (1966)
- Dictionnaire de sexologie (1972)
- Et si nous parlions des crétins ? (1973)
- Les Mines de Sodome (2001)
- Centre national de la documentation pédagogique (CNDP) Accessed 2012-08-03
- Obituary in Libération. Accessed 2012-08-03
- Birthdate according to two obituaries published in Libération and La Libre Belgique.
- Lo Duca's Le Monde obituary indicates his birthdate as 1910.
- Obituary in La Libre Belgique. Accessed 2012-08-03
- Raymond Borde (1983). Les cinémathèques. L'AGE D'HOMME. pp. 87–. ISBN 978-2-8251-3336-1.
- Max Milo Editions
- Obituary in Libération. Accessed 2012-08-03
- Fellini, Federico et Lo Duca (1960). La Dolce Vita (Babylone an 2000), Paris: Editions J.-J. Pauvert.
- Fellini, Federico (1974). "Préface de Lo Duca" in Amarcord: découpage du film, Paris: Seghers, 7
- À voix nue : grands entretiens d'hier et d'aujourd'hui Radio France
- "Interview with Jean-Marie Lo Duca" included in bonus material of Fellini: 8 films, an 8-disc DVD international Collectors Edition published by Opening (Paris, 2004).
- Magda Tassinari, "I sogni senza fine del giovane Lo Duca" in Resine. Quaderni Liguri di cultura, a.XXX (2009), n.119-121, pp. 11–25
- Pier Luigi Ferro, "Un'epopea eroicomica della macchina onnipotente e onniveggente: La Sfera di Platino di Lo Duca" in Resine. Quaderni Liguri di cultura, a.XXX (2009), n.119-121, pp. 27–44
- Pier Luigi Ferro. "Il carteggio tra Lo Duca e Angelo Barile" in Resine. Quaderni Liguri di cultura, a.XXX (2009), n.119-121, pp. 49–61
- Giuliana Rovetta, Un italiano in Francia sull'onda del futurismo" in Resine. Quaderni Liguri di cultura, a.XXX (2009), n.119-121, pp. 63–74
- (in French) Lo Duca biography at Babelio