Joseph-Alfred Mousseau

Joseph-Alfred Mousseau, PC (July 17, 1837 – March 30, 1886), was a French Canadian politician, who served in the federal Cabinet and also as Premier of Quebec.

The Hon.

Joseph-Alfred Mousseau
6th Premier of Quebec
In office
July 29, 1882  January 22, 1884
Lieutenant GovernorThéodore Robitaille
Preceded byJoseph-Adolphe Chapleau
Succeeded byJohn Jones Ross
MLA for Jacques-Cartier
In office
August 26, 1882  January 22, 1884
Preceded byNarcisse Lecavalier
Succeeded byArthur Boyer
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Bagot
In office
January 22, 1874  July 29, 1882
Preceded byPierre-Samuel Gendron
Succeeded byFlavien Dupont
Personal details
Born(1837-07-17)July 17, 1837
Sainte-Geneviève-de-Berthier, Lower Canada
DiedMarch 30, 1886(1886-03-30) (aged 47)
Montreal, Quebec
Political partyConservative Party of Quebec
Other political
Hersélie Desrosiers (m. 1862)
RelationsJoseph Octave Mousseau, brother
CabinetAttorney General (1882–1884)
President of the Privy Council (1880–1881)
Secretary of State of Canada (1881–1882)

He was born in Sainte-Geneviève-de-Berthier, Lower Canada, the son of Louis Mousseau, the son of Alexis Mousseau, and Sophie Duteau, dit Grandpré. Mousseau was first elected to the House of Commons of Canada as a Conservative Member of Parliament in the 1874 election for the riding of Bagot, and was re-elected three times. In 1880, he was elevated to the Cabinet of Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald, serving first as president of the Queen's Privy Council of Canada, and then as Secretary of State for Canada.

Mousseau left federal politics to become the sixth Premier of the province of Quebec from July 31, 1882, until his resignation on January 22, 1884, after being appointed as a judge. He died in Montreal in 1886.

His brother Joseph Octave Mousseau was also a member of the Canadian House of Commons.

See also


  • "Joseph-Alfred Mousseau". Dictionary of Canadian Biography (online ed.). University of Toronto Press. 1979–2016.
  • Joseph-Alfred Mousseau – Parliament of Canada biography
  • "Biography". Dictionnaire des parlementaires du Québec de 1792 à nos jours (in French). National Assembly of Quebec.

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