José Amalfitani Stadium
The Estadio José Amalfitani is a stadium located in the Liniers neighborhood of Buenos Aires, Argentina, near Liniers railway station. The venue is the home of the Argentine Primera División club Vélez Sársfield and is also known as El Fortín de Liniers or Vélez Sarsfield. The stadium was named after José Amalfitani, who was president of Vélez Sársfield for 30 years.
The stadium in 2013 during an Argentina national rugby union team test match
|Full name||Estadio José Amalfitani|
|Location||Avenida Juan B. Justo, 8900, Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|Owner||Club Atlético Vélez Sársfield|
|Field size||105 x 70 m|
|Opened||April 22, 1951|
|Vélez Sársfield (1943–present)|
The original, temporary stadium was built between 1941 and 1943 in wood, and the current facility was built in cement between 1947 and 1951. It was renovated and enlarged 26 years later in preparation for the 1978 FIFA World Cup. The stadium has a capacity of 49,540 spectators, although it does not provide seating for all of them like most Argentine stadia.
The José Amalfitani Stadium is also the national stadium for the Argentina national rugby union team (Los Pumas). Although the team plays test matches throughout the country, their highest-profile tests (such as against the New Zealand All Blacks) are usually held here. The newly formed Argentine Super Rugby team, Jaguares, are playing its home games at the stadium.
During its first years of existence, Vélez Sarsfield football team played its games in vacant lands of the neighborhood, with removable goal posts. In 1913 the Argentine Football Association ordered the club to host its home games at a bigger stadium so the club moved to the Juan Martín Figallo's (a neighbor) countryhouse on Rodó and Escalada streets. Figallo rented the club part of his land.
In 1914, the club called an assembly to discuss the posibility to rent lands on better places. The club got a land behind Villa Luro station, between Cortina and Bacacay streest. But the definitive stadium would be built in 1922, when the club rented a land to López Bancalari Brothers on Guardia Nacional street. The club started to built a grandstand while the team continued playing in Villa Luro and other fields, until the construction finished. Works were ready in 1924, when the club inaugurated its first stadium with a grandstand, lockers, coffee shop, personnel room and secretary. The stadium was officially opened in a friendly match v River Plate.
New grandstands were built between 1926 and 1927, completing the four sides of the stadium and therefore increasing its capacity. In 1935, the first match with artificial lighting was played at Vélez Sársfield venue. The local team defeated Platense 4–2. The end of an era came in 1940 when the club was intimated to leave the lands where the stadium was located due to the rental contract had expired.
After suffering relegation from the Argentine Primera División in 1940, Vélez was sacked from the Villa Luro ground they were renting. Three years later, in 1941, the club obtained the terrain of the current stadium, property of the Buenos Aires Western Railway. The ground was a swamp of the Maldonado Stream, where construction was difficult. However, the club's president José Amalfitani led the construction of the first stadium at the site, which was inaugurated on April 11, 1943. The new stadium used the same wood stands from the old Villa Luro stadium, and was inaugurated in a 2–2 draw with River Plate. Vélez striker Juan José Ferraro scored the first goal in the stadium's history (the others were scored by Ángel Fernández for Vélez and Adolfo Pedernera twice for River). The current stadium was inaugurated on April 22, 1951.
The stadium was renamed in honor of José Amalfitani on December 7, 1968. The following year, a modern lighting system by Siemens was installed, and the first of the upper stand sections was completed.
1978 FIFA World Cup
The stadium was refurbished for the 1978 FIFA World Cup with the completion of press boxes and another section of upper stands, and hosted three games in the group stages.
|Date||Round||Group||Team 1||Vs.||Team 2|
Argentina friendly matches
|22 April 1974||2-1|
|5 May 1982||2-1|
|23 June 1983||1-0|
|25 September 1984||1-1|
|16 December 1987||1-0|
|13 March 1991||0-0|
|27 March 1991||3-3|
|21 December 1994||1-0|
|10 March 1998||2-0|
The Estadio José Amalfitani is the current home ground for the Jaguares, an Argentine Super Rugby franchise. The ground has also hosted the Argentina national team (Los Pumas) since 1986, when the side left to play at Ferro Carril Oeste Stadium (their home venue by then) searching for higher capacity stadiums.
When South Africa played Argentina in November 2005 at Vélez Sársfield, they faced a strong Pumas side, which took a 20–16 lead into the half-time break, before fading in the second half and losing 34–23.
In the 2006 mid-year tests, the second test against Wales, saw the Pumas win 45–27, Argentina's largest win ever over Wales. The national squad next hosted the world's top team, the All Blacks. The New Zealanders survived an Argentine assault in the final minutes to hang on to win 25–19 and to deny Argentina a huge upset.
|Argentina national rugby union team matches|
The stadium has hosted many international concerts since the 1980s. English rock band Queen was the first to perform at Vélez Sársfield –giving three concerts in February 1981– as part of The Game Tour to support their successful homonymous album. The visit of the band (which was at the peak of their career by then) had huge repercussions in Argentina, being widely covered by the media, and famous personalities –such as Diego Maradona– attending to their concerts.
José Amalfitani hosts events of up to 50,000 spectators.
- "Estadio José Amalfitani" (in Spanish). Club Atlético Vélez Sársfield. Retrieved 5 May 2012.
- "ESTADIO JOSÉ AMALFITANI". Soccerway. Global Sports Media. Retrieved 19 November 2012.
- Daniel Guiñazú (2010-01-02). "Cien años de un club que se hizo grande". Página/12 (in Spanish). Retrieved 2010-10-16.
- "Estadio José Amalfitani". The Stadium Guide.
- "Argentina 16–0 Ireland". BBC. 2 June 2007. Archived from the original on 5 July 2007. Retrieved 2 June 2007.
- La leyenda de Queen en Argentina, Rolling Stone, 5 Nov 2008
- Los agitados días de Queen en la Argentina by Matías Bauzo on Infobae, 17 Nov 2018
- La historia detrás de la foto by Pablo Lisotto, La Nación, 30 Oct 2018