Jonathan Richard Guy Greenwood (born 5 November 1971) is an English musician and composer. He is the lead guitarist and keyboardist of the alternative rock band Radiohead, and has written a number of film scores.
Greenwood performing at the Hurricane Festival
|Birth name||Jonathan Richard Guy Greenwood|
|Born||5 November 1971|
|Genres||Alternative rock, electronica, art rock, experimental rock, classical|
|Instruments||Guitar, piano, keyboards, ondes Martenot|
|Labels||XL, TBD, Sanctuary, Nonesuch, Octatonic|
|Associated acts||Radiohead, London Contemporary Orchestra, Shye Ben Tzur|
Along with his elder brother, Radiohead bassist Colin, Greenwood attended Abingdon School in Abingdon near Oxford, England, where he met the future band members. The youngest of the group, Greenwood was the last to join, first playing keyboards and harmonica but soon becoming lead guitarist. He abandoned a degree in music when the band signed to Parlophone; their debut single "Creep" was distinguished by Greenwood's aggressive guitar work. Radiohead have since achieved critical acclaim and sold over 30 million albums. Along with the other members of Radiohead, Greenwood was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2019.
Greenwood has been named one of the greatest guitarists of all time by publications including Rolling Stone. A multi-instrumentalist, Greenwood has also played instruments including bass guitar, piano, viola, and drums. He is a prominent player of the ondes Martenot, an early electronic instrument. He uses electronic techniques such as programming, sampling and looping, and writes music software used by Radiohead. He described his role in the band as an arranger, helping to transform Thom Yorke's demos into finished songs.
Radiohead albums feature Greenwood's string and brass arrangements, and he has composed for orchestras including the London Contemporary Orchestra and the BBC Concert Orchestra. His first solo work, the soundtrack for the film Bodysong, was released in 2003. In 2007, he scored There Will Be Blood, directed by Paul Thomas Anderson, and has composed the soundtrack for every Anderson film since; in 2018, he was nominated for an Academy Award for his score for Anderson's Phantom Thread. Greenwood's other scores include two collaborations with director Lynne Ramsay. He has collaborated several times with the Israeli composer Shye Ben Tzur, including on the 2015 album Junun.
Jonny Greenwood was born on 5 November 1971 in Oxford, England. His brother, Radiohead bassist Colin Greenwood, is two years older than him. His father served in the army as a bomb-disposal expert. When he was a child, Greenwood's family would listen to a small number of cassettes in their car, including Mozart's horn concertos, the musicals Flower Drum Song and My Fair Lady, and cover versions of Simon and Garfunkel songs. When the cassettes were not playing, Greenwood would listen to the noise of the engine and try to recall every detail of the music. He credited his older siblings with exposing him to rock bands such as the Beat and New Order. The first gig Greenwood attended was the Fall on their 1988 Frenz Experiment tour, which he found "overwhelming".
Greenwood's first instrument was a recorder given to him at age four or five. He took the instrument seriously, playing it into adulthood, and played baroque music in recorder groups as a teenager. He also learnt the viola and joined the Thames Vale youth orchestra, which he described as a formative experience: "I'd been in school orchestras and never seen the point. But in Thames Vale I was suddenly with all these 18-year-olds who could actually play in tune. I remember thinking: 'Ah, that's what an orchestra is supposed to sound like!'" Greenwood spent time as a child programming computers, experimenting with BASIC and simple machine code to build "rubbishy computer games". According to Greenwood, "the closer I got to the bare bones of the computer, the more exciting I found it".
The Greenwood brothers attended the independent boys' school Abingdon, where they formed a band, On a Friday, with singer Thom Yorke, guitarist Ed O'Brien, and drummer Phil Selway. Jonny had previously been in a band called Illiterate Hands with Matt Hawksworth, Simon Newton, Ben Kendrick, Nigel Powell and Yorke's brother Andy Yorke. The youngest member of On a Friday, Greenwood was two school years below Yorke and Colin and the last to join. He first played harmonica and then keyboards, but soon became lead guitarist. Greenwood studied music at A Level, when he studied chorale harmonisation.
In 1991, Greenwood was three weeks into a degree in music and psychology at Oxford Polytechnic when On a Friday signed a recording contract with EMI. He dropped out of university and On a Friday changed their name to Radiohead. The band found early success with their 1992 single "Creep". According to Rolling Stone, "It was Greenwood's gnashing noise blasts that marked Radiohead as more than just another mopey band ... an early indicator of his crucial role in pushing his band forward." Greenwood wrote his first Radiohead string part for the middle eight of "My Iron Lung", which appeared on their second album, The Bends (1995). Radiohead's third album, OK Computer (1997), achieved acclaim, showcasing Greenwood's lead guitar work on songs such as "Paranoid Android". For the track "Climbing up the Walls", Greenwood wrote a part for 16 stringed instruments playing quarter tones apart, inspired by the Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki.
Radiohead's fourth and fifth albums, Kid A (2000) and Amnesiac (2001), recorded simultaneously, marked a dramatic change in sound, incorporating influences from electronica, classical music, jazz and krautrock. Greenwood employed a modular synthesiser to build the drum machine rhythm of "Idioteque", and played ondes Martenot, an early synthesiser similar to a theremin. He composed a string arrangement for the track "How to Disappear Completely" by multitracking his ondes Martenot playing. According to longtime Radiohead producer Nigel Godrich, when the orchestra musicians saw Greenwood's score "they all just sort of burst into giggles, because they couldn't do what he'd written, because it was impossible—or impossible for them, anyway". The orchestra leader John Lubbock encouraged the musicians to experiment and work with Greenwood's "naive" ideas.
At the 2005 Ether Festival, Greenwood and Yorke performed "Arpeggi" with the London Sinfonietta orchestra and the Arab Orchestra of Nazareth. The song was released in a different arrangement on Radiohead's seventh album, In Rainbows (2007), retitled "Weird Fishes/Arpeggi". Radiohead's eighth album, The King of Limbs (2011), was recorded using sampler software written by Greenwood. A Moon Shaped Pool, released in May 2016, features strings and choral vocals arranged by Greenwood and performed by the London Contemporary Orchestra.
Radiohead had sold more than 30 million albums worldwide by 2011. They were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in March 2019.
In 2003, Greenwood released his first solo work, Bodysong, the soundtrack for the documentary of the same name. The soundtrack incorporates guitar, jazz, and classical music. In March 2004, Greenwood's first work for orchestra, Smear, was premiered by the London Sinfonietta. In May, he was appointed composer-in-residence to the BBC Concert Orchestra, for whom he wrote "Popcorn Superhet Receiver" (2005), which won the Radio 3 Listeners' Award at the 2006 BBC British Composer Awards. The piece was inspired by radio static and the elaborate, dissonant tone clusters of Penderecki's Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima (1960). Greenwood wrote the piece by recording individual tones on viola, then manipulating and overdubbing them in Pro Tools. As part of his prize Greenwood received £10,000 from the PRS Foundation towards a commission for a new orchestral work.
Greenwood composed the score for the 2007 film There Will Be Blood by director Paul Thomas Anderson. The soundtrack won an award at the Critics' Choice Awards and the Best Film Score trophy in the Evening Standard British Film Awards for 2007. As the soundtrack contains excerpts from "Popcorn Superhet Receiver", an earlier piece, it was ineligible for an Academy Award nomination. Rolling Stone named There Will Be Blood the best film of the decade and described the score as "a sonic explosion that reinvented what film music could be". In 2016, film composer Hans Zimmer said the score was the one that had most "stood out to him" in the past decade, describing it as "recklessly, crazily beautiful".
Greenwood curated a compilation album of reggae tracks, Jonny Greenwood Is the Controller, released by Trojan Records in March 2007. The album features mostly 70s roots and dub tracks from artists including Lee "Scratch" Perry, Joe Gibbs, and Linval Thompson; the title references Thompson's track "Dread Are the Controller". In 2008, Greenwood wrote the title music for Adam Buxton's sketch show pilot meeBOX. In February 2010, he debuted a new composition, "Doghouse", at the BBC's Maida Vale Studios. Greenwood wrote the piece in hotels and dressing rooms while on tour with Radiohead. He expanded "Doghouse" into the score for the Japanese film Norwegian Wood released later that year.
In 2011, Greenwood scored We Need to Talk About Kevin, directed by Lynne Ramsay, using instruments including a wire-strung harp. In 2012, he worked with Anderson again, composing the score for The Master. On 13 March 2012, Greenwood and Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki, one of Greenwood's greatest influences, released an album comprising Penderecki's 1960s compositions Polymorphia and Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima, Greenwood's "Popcorn Superhet Receiver", and a new work by Greenwood, "48 Responses to Polymorphia". In 2012, Greenwood accepted a three-month residency with the Australian Chamber Orchestra in Sydney and composed a new piece, "Water". In 2013, Greenwood, Yorke, and other artists contributed music to The UK Gold, a documentary about tax avoidance in the UK. The soundtrack was released free in February 2015 through the online audio platform SoundCloud.
Greenwood collaborated with Anderson again on the soundtrack for the film Inherent Vice (2014); it features a new version of an unreleased Radiohead song, "Spooks", performed by Greenwood and two members of Supergrass. In 2014, Greenwood performed with the London Contemporary Orchestra, performing selections from his soundtracks alongside new compositions. Greenwood wrote the music for another of Anderson's films, Phantom Thread, in 2017; it was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Score and earned Greenwood his sixth Ivor Novello award. In the same year, he reunited with Ramsay to score her film You Were Never Really Here. At the 2019 Proms, Greenwood debuted his composition "Horror vacui" for solo violin and 68 string instruments. That September, Greenwood launched a record label, Octatonic Records, to release contemporary classical music by soloists and small groups. Greenwood wrote that he started the label to capture the "remarkable musicians" he had met as a film composer.
Greenwood played harmonica on Blind Mr. Jones's 1992 single "Crazy Jazz". For the 1998 film Velvet Goldmine, he formed Venus in Furs with Radiohead's Thom Yorke, Suede's Bernard Butler, and Roxy Music's Andy Mackay and recorded covers of the Roxy Music songs "2HB", "Ladytron" and "Bitter-Sweet". Greenwood played harmonica on the tracks "Platform Blues" and "Billie" on Pavement's final album, Terror Twilight (1999), produced by Radiohead producer Nigel Godrich. He played guitar on Bryan Ferry's albums Frantic (2002) and Olympia (2010). In 2004, he and Yorke contributed to the Band Aid 20 single "Do They Know It's Christmas?", produced by Godrich.
For the 2005 film Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Greenwood appeared as part of the wizard rock band Weird Sisters with Radiohead drummer Phil Selway, former Pulp members Jarvis Cocker and Steve Mackey, electronica artist Jason Buckle and Add N to (X) member Steven Claydon. In 2008, Greenwood collaborated with Israeli rock musician Dudu Tasa on the Hebrew-language single "What a Day". In 2011, he and Yorke collaborated with rapper MF Doom on the track "Retarded Fren".
In 2014, Greenwood performed with Israeli composer Shye Ben Tzur and his band. Greenwood described Tzur's music as "quite celebratory, more like gospel music than anything—except that it's all done to a backing of Indian harmoniums and percussion ... I've never performed in this genre before and I certainly don't plan on anything soloistic: I just want to be part of the band and play a supportive role, though I'm not sure exactly what that will be." In 2015, Greenwood, Tzur and Godrich recorded an album, Junun, with a group of Indian musicians at Mehrangarh Fort in Rajasthan, India. The sessions were filmed by Paul Thomas Anderson for his Junun documentary, which premièred at the 2015 New York Film Festival. In 2016, Greenwood contributed string orchestration to Frank Ocean's albums Endless and Blonde.
Greenwood is a multi-instrumentalist and plays instruments including guitar, piano, synthesiser, viola, glockenspiel, harmonica, recorder, organ, and banjo. He said in 2014: "I'm always happiest trying new instruments - and honestly enjoy playing, say, the glockenspiel with Radiohead as much as I do the guitar ... I enjoy struggling with instruments I can't really play."
Greenwood has long used a rewired Fender Telecaster Plus with Lace Sensor pickups. His other guitars include a mid-seventies Fender Starcaster and a Gibson Les Paul. He said he dislikes the reputation of guitars as something to be "admired or worshipped", and sees them as a tool like a typewriter or a vacuum cleaner. He is known for his aggressive playing style; in the 1990s, he developed repetitive stress injury, necessitating a brace on his right arm, which he likened to "taping up your fingers before a boxing match". He often uses effect pedals and sometimes plays with a violin bow.
In 2010, the NME named Greenwood one of the greatest living guitarists, and he was voted the seventh greatest guitarist of all time in a poll of more than 30,000 BBC Radio 6 Music listeners. In 2011, Rolling Stone ranked him the 48th greatest guitarist of all time, and in 2012 Spin ranked him the 29th. In 2008, Greenwood's guitar solo in "Paranoid Android" was named the 34th best guitar solo by Guitar World. His solos in "Paranoid Android", "Just" and "The Bends" appeared in the NME's 2012 list of the best guitar solos.
Greenwood is a prominent player of the ondes martenot, an early electronic instrument played by moving a ring along a wire, creating sounds similar to a theremin. Greenwood became interested in the instrument at the age of 15 after hearing Olivier Messiaen's Turangalîla Symphony. He said he was partly attracted to the instrument as he cannot sing: "I've always wanted to be able to play an instrument that was like singing, and there's nothing closer." The instrument appears on tracks such as "How to Disappear Completely" (from Kid A) and "Where I End and You Begin" (from Hail to the Thief). As original production of the ondes martenot ceased in 1988, Greenwood had a replica created to take on tour with Radiohead in 2001 for fear of damaging his original model.
Greenwood created the rhythm for "Idioteque" (from Kid A) with a modular synthesiser and sampled the song's four-chord synthesiser phrase from a computer music piece by Paul Lansky. He uses a Kaoss Pad to manipulate Yorke's vocals during performances of "Everything in its Right Place".
In 2014, Greenwood wrote of his fascination with Indian instruments, particularly the tanpura: "Supposedly they're just drones to accompany singers but in fact they produce a compellingly complex wall of sound, with layer upon layer of drifting harmonics. I've started using some of these instruments in my music because I can't think of any other way, electronics included, of making such sounds."
Greenwood has also used a "home-made sound machine", comprising small hammers striking objects including yoghurt cartons, tubs, bells, and tambourines. He has used found sounds, using a television and a transistor radio on "Climbing Up the Walls" (from OK Computer) and "The National Anthem" (from Kid A).
At the suggestion of Radiohead producer Nigel Godrich, Greenwood began using the music programming language Max. He said: "I got to reconnect properly with computers… I didn't have to use someone else's idea of what a delay, or a reverb, or a sequencer should do, or should sound like—I could start from the ground, and think in terms of sound and maths. It was like coming off the rails." Examples of Greenwood's use of Max include the processed piano on the Moon Shaped Pool track "Glass Eyes" and his signature "stutter" guitar effect used on tracks such as the 2003 single "Go To Sleep". He also used Max to write the sampling software used to create Radiohead's eighth album, The King of Limbs.
Greenwood's major writing contributions to Radiohead include "Just" (which Yorke described as "a competition by me and Jonny to get as many chords as possible into a song"); "My Iron Lung" (which Yorke co-wrote with Greenwood) from The Bends (1995); "The Tourist" and the "rain down" bridge of "Paranoid Android" from OK Computer (1997); the vocal melody of "Kid A" from Kid A (2000); and the guitar melody of "A Wolf At The Door" (from Hail To The Thief), whose "sweet" quality inspired Yorke to sing the song's "angry" lyrics. The New York Times described Greenwood as "the guy who can take an abstract Thom Yorke notion and master the tools required to execute it in the real world". Greenwood described his role as arranger:
It's not really about can I do my guitar part now, it's more ... what will serve this song best? How do we not mess up this really good song? Part of the problem is Thom will sit at the piano and play a song like "Pyramid Song" and we're going to record it and how do we not make it worse, how do we make it better than him just playing it by himself, which is already usually quite great.
For his film soundtracks, Greenwood attempts to keep the instrumentation contemporary to the period of the story; for example, he recorded the Norwegian Wood soundtrack using a 1960s Japanese nylon-strung guitar and recorded it with period home recording equipment, attempting to create a recording that one of the characters might have made. Many of his compositions are microtonal.
Greenwood has cited influences from genres including jazz, classical rock, reggae, hip-hop, and electronic music. His jazz favourites include Lee Morgan, Alice Coltrane and Miles Davis. Along with the other members of Radiohead, he admires Scott Walker, Krautrock band Can, and Sonic Youth.
Greenwood first heard Olivier Messiaen's Turangalîla Symphony at the age of 15 and became "round-the-bend-obsessed with it". Messiaen was Greenwood's "first connection" to classical music, and remains an influence; he said: "He was still alive when I was 15, and for whatever reason I felt I could equate him with my other favourite bands – there was no big posthumous reputation to put me off. So I'm still very fond of writing things in the same modes of limited transposition that he used."
He is an admirer of Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki, and cited a concert of Penderecki's music in the early 90s as a "conversion experience". He is also a fan of Gyorgy Ligeti, Henri Dutilleux, and Steve Reich. Having performed Reich's composition Electric Counterpoint on guitar, he recorded a version for Reich's 2014 album Radio Rewrite.
Greenwood is a fan of the 80s post-punk band Magazine. He declined an offer to fill in for guitarist John McGeoch, who died in 2004, during the band's 2012 reunion tour. According to Radiohead collaborator Adam Buxton, "I think Jonny was just overwhelmed, cause he's the biggest Magazine fan in the world. He was just too shy, I think. I'm sure he's got all those licks in his locker."
Greenwood is married to Israeli visual artist Sharona Katan, whom he met in 1993 when Radiohead performed in Israel. Her work (credited as Shin Katan) appears on the covers of Greenwood's Bodysong and There Will be Blood soundtracks. Their first son, Tamir, was born in 2002; the album Radiohead released the following year, Hail to the Thief, was dedicated to him. Their daughter, Omri, was born in 2005, and a second son, Zohar, was born in February 2008. Katan said she considered themselves a Jewish family: "Our kids are raised as Jews, we have a mezuzah in our house, we sometimes have Shabbos dinners, we celebrate Jewish holidays. The kids don’t eat pork. It’s important to me to keep this stuff."
Greenwood is red-green colour blind. He is an avid video game player; his favourites include Ico, Elite, The Legend of Zelda and Red Dead Redemption. Upon actor Bob Einstein's passing on January 2, 2019, Greenwood paid tribute via Twitter.
- 2004 - smear for two ondes Martenots and chamber ensemble of nine players
- 2004 - Piano for Children for piano and orchestra (withdrawn)
- 2005 - Popcorn Superhet Receiver for string orchestra
- 2007 - There Will Be Blood live film version
- 2010 - Doghouse for string trio and orchestra
- 2011 - Suite from 'Noruwei no Mori' (Norwegian Wood) for orchestra
- 2011 - 48 Responses to Polymorphia for 48 solo strings, all doubling optional pacay bean shakers
- 2012 - Suite from 'There Will Be Blood' for string orchestra
- 2014 - Water for two flutes, upright piano, chamber organ, two tanpura & string orchestra
- 2015 - 88 (No 1) for solo piano
- 2018 - Three Miniatures from 'Water' for violin, piano, 2 tampuras, and cello/bass drone
- 2019 - Horror vacui for solo violin and 68 strings
- NME.COM. "The Greatest Guitarists Alive Today | NME.COM". NME.COM. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Jonny Greenwood - 100 Greatest Guitarists". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "SPIN's 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time | SPIN - Page 7". Spin. 3 May 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Jonny Greenwood - Biography & History - AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- Ross, Alex (20 August 2001). "The Searchers: Radiohead's unquiet revolution". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on 14 February 2008. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- "EP.22B - JONNY GREENWOOD (BONUSJONNYBITS)". SoundCloud. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Popcorn Superhet Receiver". Faber Music. Faber Music. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "Jonny Greenwood, The First Time With... - BBC Radio 6 Music". BBC. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
- "All Songs +1: A Conversation With Radiohead's Jonny Greenwood". Retrieved 4 August 2016.
- "Jonny Greenwood on Penderecki, Messiaen and the BBC Concert Orchestra". Archived from the original on 11 November 2013.
- David Fricke (26 April 2012). "Radiohead Reconnect – How the most experimental band in music learned to rock again". Rolling Stone. No. 115.
- Pask, Andrew (2 January 2014). "Mini Interview: Jonny Greenwood". Retrieved 4 January 2014.
- McLean, Craig (14 July 2003). "Don't worry, be happy". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 25 December 2007.
- Lewis, Luke (24 March 2013). "This Is What Radiohead Looked Like In The '80s". Buzzfeed. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Jones, Lucy (26 March 2013). "9 Photos Of Artists Before They Hit The Big Time". NME. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Randall, Mac (1 April 1998). "The Golden Age of Radiohead". Guitar World.
- "'The hardest member of Radiohead? Ed's probably tasty' – Jonny Greenwood answers readers' questions". The Guardian. 14 March 2018. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- "Q Magazine: The 100 Greatest British Albums of All Time - How many do you own? (Either on CD, Vinyl, Tape or Download)". List Challenges.
- "Radiohead's album best of all time – OK?". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
- "Radiohead's OK Computer named best album of the past 25 years". Telegraph.co.uk. 22 December 2010.
- "100 Greatest Guitar Solos: No. 34 "Paranoid Android" (Jonny Greenwood)". Guitar World. 28 October 2008. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- "Weird Fruit: Jonny Greenwoods Creative Contribution to 'The Bends'". PopMatters. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- Reynolds, Simon (July 2001). "Walking on Thin Ice". The Wire. Archived from the original on 4 February 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2007.
- Nic, Harcourt (12 October 2000). "Radiohead — Morning Becomes Eclectic". Morning Becomes Eclectic (Interview). Jonny and Colin Greenwood. KCRW.
- "Thom Yorke Talks About Life in the Public Eye". 12 July 2006. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- McNamee, David (12 October 2009). "Hey, what's that sound: Ondes martenot". the Guardian. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- Pappademas, Alex (9 March 2012). "Jonny Greenwood, Radiohead's Runaway Guitarist". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- Zoric, Lauren (October 2000). "Fitter, Happier, More Productive". Juice.
- "BBC - (none) - Hear And Now - Ether Festival". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "The Quietus | Features | A Quietus Interview | Music (For A Film): Jonny Greenwood Of Radiohead Interviewed". The Quietus. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "'Everything In Its Right Place' interview outtake: "Another outtake from my @Radiohead interview on @npratc with Thom and Ed. What's The King of Limbs about?"". All Things Considered. NPR. Archived from the original on 10 October 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
- "Radiohead Announce New Album Release Date, Share "Daydreaming" Video | Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- Larson, Jeremy D. "Radiohead's A Moon Shaped Pool: The 5 Most Important Things To Know". Pitchfork. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
- Jonathan, Emma. "BBC Worldwide takes exclusive Radiohead performance to the world". BBC. 3 May 2011. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
- Greene, Andy; Greene, Andy (30 March 2019). "Radiohead, Stevie Nicks, The Cure, Janet Jackson Enter Rock Hall at Epic Ceremony". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- "British Composer Awards 2006 – Nominations". Archived from the original on 4 July 2008. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- Beard, Matthew (25 November 2006). "Radiohead guitarist takes prize in Radio 3 awards". The Independent. London. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- "Best of British". 2 April 2008. Archived from the original on 22 April 2009. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- Tapley, Kris (15 October 2007). "Red Carpet District". Variety. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- Martin, Peter (22 January 2008). "Eight is Not Enough: Jonny Greenwood's 'Blood' Score DQ'ed". Retrieved 22 March 2009.
- "Best Films of the 2000s". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
- "I am Hans Zimmer, back on reddit once more. Ask me anything! • /r/IAmA". reddit. Retrieved 26 November 2016.
- "Jonny Greenwood Is The Controller". Stereogum. 22 February 2007. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- "Various Artists: Jonny Greenwood Is the Controller Album Review | Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- "Dead Air Space". radiohead.com. 22 June 2008. Archived from the original on 17 February 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2011.
- Carlick, Stephen (5 March 2010). "Radiohead's Jonny Greenwood Scoring Film Adaptation of Haruki Murakami's Norwegian Wood". exclaim.ca. Archived from the original on 7 May 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2010.
- Kemp, Stuart (14 February 2011). "Radiohead's Johny Greenwood to Score 'We Need to Talk About Kevin' (Berlin)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
- "Jonny Greenwood Scoring PT Anderson's The Master". Stereogum. 6 December 2011. Retrieved 2 October 2012.
- Michaels, Sean (23 January 2012). "Jonny Greenwood reveals details of Krzysztof Penderecki collaboration". The Guardian. London.
- Magnay, Jaquelin (26 September 2014). "Radiohead guitarist Jonny Greenwood and the ACO". The Australian.
- Kreps, Daniel (25 February 2015). "Listen to Thom Yorke's Minimalist 'UK Gold' Score Contributions". 25 February 2015. Rolling Stone. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
- Michaels, Sean (7 October 2014). "Radiohead's Jonny Greenwood hires Supergrass to cover Inherent Vice track". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 October 2014.
- "Radiohead's Jonny Greenwood Performs with the London Contemporary Orchestra | Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- Young, Alex (23 January 2018). "Jonny Greenwood earns first-ever Oscar nomination". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
- Beaumont-Thomas, Ben (23 May 2019). "The 1975 win two major awards at 2019 Ivor Novellos". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
- Lyttelton, Oliver (2 May 2017). "Jonny Greenwood Scoring Lynne Ramsay's 'You Were Never Really Here' With Joaquin Phoenix". IndieWire. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
- Lewis, John (11 September 2019). "Prom 70: Jonny Greenwood/BBCNOW /Daniel Pioro/Brunt review – challenging and intense". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
- Monroe, Jazz (16 September 2019). "Radiohead's Jonny Greenwood launches classical music label octatonic". Pitchfork. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
- "Blind Mr. Jones | Biography & History | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "The Quietus | Features | Rock's Backpages | A Pavement Interview: Terror Twilight, Radiohead, & Going Overground". Retrieved 25 June 2016.
- "Frantic - Bryan Ferry | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- "Jonny Greenwood, Flea, Roxy Music (Including Brian Eno!) Join Bryan Ferry On New Album". Stereogum. 12 July 2010. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
- Godrich, Nigel. "Flashback: making Band Aid 20". the Guardian. Retrieved 2 May 2015.
- "Break Yo' TV: Harry Potter's The Weird Sisters – "Do The Hippogriff"". Consequence of Sound. 18 November 2010. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Jonny Greenwood collaborates with Israeli singer". Idiomag.com. 17 January 2009. Retrieved 5 February 2009.
- "Hear Thom Yorke, Jonny Greenwood, and DOOM: "Retarded Fren"". Retrieved 28 April 2015.
- "Radiohead's Jonny Greenwood on performing with Shye Ben-Tzur at The". Evening Standard. 16 May 2014. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Screen Junkies". Screenjunkies.com. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Paul Thomas Anderson is making a documentary about Radiohead's Jonny Greenwood". The Verge. Retrieved 17 December 2015.
- "Junun | New York Film Festival". Film Society of Lincoln Center. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Frank Ocean's New Visual Album Endless Features Jonny Greenwood, James Blake, More | Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
- Needham, Alex; editor, US arts (20 August 2016). "Frank Ocean releases long-awaited album, Blond". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 21 August 2016.
- "Jonny Greenwood is the controller: Typewriters & washing machines". Sunday-guardian.com. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- Randall, Mac (April 1998). "The Golden Age of Radiohead". Guitar World.
- NME.COM. "50 Greatest Guitar Solos | NME.COM". NME.COM. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- Battaglia, Andy (6 March 2014). "Ondes Martenot: An Introduction". Red Bull Music Academy. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
- "Radiohead's Jonny Greenwood Talks A Moon Shaped Pool, Pixies, Pavement, More in New Interview | Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved 25 June 2016.
- Thorpe, Adam (18 May 2016). "In a room with Radiohead". The Times Literary Supplement. Archived from the original on 21 May 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
- Boilen, Bob (4 August 2016). "All Songs +1: A Conversation With Radiohead's Jonny Greenwood". NPR. Archived from the original on 5 August 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
- "The 14 pieces of software that shaped modern music". FACT Magazine: Music News, New Music. 1 October 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
- Astley-Brown, Michael (22 February 2017). "Recreate Jonny Greenwood's randomised stutter effect with new Feral Glitch pedal". MusicRadar. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
- Barrett, Neil (19 March 2015). "Jonny Greenwood's Creative Contribution to 'The Bends'". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- Reynolds, Simon (July 2001). "Walking On Thin Ice". The Wire. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
- "Radiohead Hail to the Thief – Interview CD" (Interview). 2003. Promotional interview CD sent to British music press.
- "Source". Citizeninsane.eu. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
- "Jarvis Cocker's Sunday Service: Colin Greenwood, Jonny Greenwood and Adam Buxton sit in". BBC 6 Music. BBC. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "Sonic Youth Dirty T Shirt". nostalgeec. Retrieved 31 May 2015.
- "'I'm going to drive everyone slightly crazy'". theguardian. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "'Don't box them in'". theguardian. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
- "Steve Reich: Radio Rewrite Album Review | Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved 29 August 2016.
- "Radiohead's Jonny Greenwood 'Too Shy' to Join Reunited Post-Punks Magazine". exclaim.ca. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
- "הכל במקום הנכון". ynet (in Hebrew). 14 July 2017. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
- "Album Artwork - all sleeve designs by Dustin Stanton (except Bodysong by Stanley Donwood) and based on original cinematography by the relevent [sic] filmmaker (except Bodysong and Penderecki, which is original work) | Shin Katan". Shinkatan.com. Retrieved 5 February 2017.
- "Radiohead's Jonny Greenwood lists his current top 10 video games, cherishes ICO". The Independent. London. 4 June 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2016.
While the list stretches all the way back to 1984 with the enormously influential Elite, there's also room for May 2010's Red Dead Redemption. Though ICO may be the all-time favorite, it's certainly Red Dead that's now taking up day-to-day gaming time.
- DeVille, Chris (2 January 2018). "Jonny Greenwood, AKA Marty Funkhauser, Pays Tribute To The Late Bob Einstein". Stereogum. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
- "smear". Faber Music. Faber Music. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "There Will Be Blood (live film version)". Faber Music. Faber Music. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "Doghouse". Faber Music. Faber Music. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "Suite from Norwegian Wood". Faber Music. Faber Music. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "48 Responses to Polymorphia". Faber Music. Faber Music. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "Suite from 'There Will Be Blood'". Faber Music. Faber Music. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "Water". Faber Music. Faber Music. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
- "Jonny Greenwood Debuts New Music Via Ensemble Signal Tiny Desk Concert". Stereogum. 20 May 2019. Retrieved 11 September 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jonny Greenwood.|
- Official website
- Jonny Greenwood on IMDb
- StringsReunited.com, a website by Plank, the guitar technician for Radiohead
- Greenwood's composer page on the Faber Music website