Jongkong is a type of dugout canoe from Malay archipelago. Jongkong was the simplest boat from Riau-Lingga area, can be found widely though in small numbers throughout the area. The first record of jongkong comes from the 15th century Malay Annals, being used by Majapahit empire during the first Majapahit attack on Singapura (1350)[1] and during the fall of Singapura (1398).[2]


The name comes from two words, that is jong and kong or jegong. Jong means a boat or sampan, no matter large or small, while kong or jegong is the place where masts are set up to hold the sail. Thus the name can be translated as a sailing boat that is used by the coastline community.[3]


In this region it is essentially a small, inshore boat and it is rarely built to a length of more than about 12-14 feet (3.7-4.3 m). It is typically a one-man boat, with a length of 9-10 feet (2.7-3 m), with depth at the mid-section about 10-12 inches (25.4-30.5 cm). It consists of a dugout base, with the hull spread slightly, and the sides built up by the addition of a single plank.[4] Larger version has a small triangular sail, the smaller ones usually propelled by a short, single-bladed paddle or rarely by a double-bladed paddle.[5]

See also


  1. Sejarah Melayu, 5.4: 47: So the king of Majapahit ordered his war commander to equip vessels for attacking Singapore, a hundred jong; other than that a few melangbing and kelulus; jongkong, cecuruh, tongkang all in uncountable numbers.
  2. Sejarah Melayu, 10.4:77: then His Majesty immediately ordered to equip three hundred jong, other than that kelulus, pelang, jongkong in uncountable numbers.
  3. Darmawan (2012). Tradition of Sailing Boat "Jongkong" Festival in Buru Region, Karimun Regency. Pekanbaru: History Education Fkip-University Of Riau. p. 4.
  4. Gibson-Hill (1969). p.123.
  5. Gibson-Hill (1951). p.124.

Further reading

  • Gibson-Hill, C.A. (February 1951). "A Note on the Small Boats of the Rhio and Lingga Archipelagos". Journal of the Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. 24: 121–132 – via JSTOR.
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