John Westlake (4 February 1828 – 14 April 1913 [ age 85 ] ) was an English law scholar.
Profile portrait of John Westlake by Marianne Stokes, 1902
|Born||4 February 1828|
|Died||14 April 1913 85) (aged|
|Education||Trinity College, Cambridge|
|Occupation||Academic lawyer and writer|
|Employer||University of Cambridge|
|Known for||Work in public international law|
|Title||Whewell Professor of International Law|
|Predecessor||Sir Henry Maine|
|Successor||Lassa Francis Lawrence Oppenheim|
He was born at Lostwithiel, Cornwall, the son of a Cornish wool-stapler. He was educated at Lostwithiel and, from 1846, at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated BA (6th Wrangler and 6th Classic) in 1850. He was a fellow of Trinity from 1851 to 1860, called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1854, and became a bencher of the Inn in 1874. In 1885 he was elected to Parliament as Liberal member for the Romford Division of Essex; from 1888 to 1908 he held the Whewell Chair as professor of international law at Cambridge; in 1900-06 he was a member for Great Britain of the International Court of Arbitration at The Hague.
He was connected with the Christian Socialist Movement, being a member of the Committee of Teaching and Publication. He is considered to be one of the founders of the Working Men's College in 1854, where he taught mathematics for many years. He was an honorary president of the Institute of International Law.
His works, of the highest importance in their field, include:
- A Treatise on Private International Law (1st ed.). London: W. Maxwell. 1858. Retrieved 3 July 2018 – via Internet Archive.; Second edition, rewritten, 1880; fifth edition, 1912.
- Chapters on the Principles of International Law. Cambridge: At the University Press. 1894. Retrieved 3 July 2018 – via Internet Archive.
- International Law Part I - Peace (1st ed.). Cambridge: At the University Press. 1904. Retrieved 3 July 2018 – via Internet Archive.; International Law Part II- War (1st ed.). Cambridge: At the University Press. 1907. Retrieved 3 July 2018 – via Internet Archive.; International Law Part I - Peace (2nd ed.). Cambridge: At the University Press. 1910. Retrieved 3 July 2018 – via Internet Archive.; International Law Part II- War (2nd ed.). Cambridge: At the University Press. 1913. Retrieved 3 July 2018 – via Internet Archive..
- Jno.W. (1910). "International Law (Private )". The Encyclopaedia Britannica; A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. XIV (HUSBAND to ITALIC) (11th ed.). Cambridge, England and New York: At the University Press. pp. 701–705. Retrieved 16 July 2018 – via Internet Archive.
- His Collected Papers on Public International Law were edited by L. Oppenheim in 1914.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "R" (part 2)
- Gilman, Daniel Coit; Peck, Harry Thurston; Colby, Frank Moore, eds. (1903). "WESTLAKE John (1828- )". The New International Encyclopaedia. XX. New York: Dodd, Mead and Company. p. 440. Retrieved 5 February 2019 – via HathiTrust Digital Library.
- "Westlake, John (WSTK845J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- J. F. C. Harrison, A History of the Working Men's College (1854-1954), Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1954
Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). . Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York.
- Oppenheim, L., ed. (1914). The Collected Papers of John Westlake on Public International Law. Cambridge: At the University Press. Retrieved 3 July 2018 – via Internet Archive.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. Missing or empty
- Memories of John Westlake. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1914. Retrieved 15 February 2019 – via Internet Archive.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by John Westlake
- Works by or about John Westlake at Internet Archive
- Painting(s) by or after John Westlake at the Art UK site
- Portraits of John Westlake at the National Portrait Gallery, London
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for Romford
1885 – 1886