John Tiptoft, 1st Baron Tiptoft
John Tiptoft, 1st Baron Tiptoft (died 27 January 1443) was a Knight of the Shire for Huntingdonshire and Somerset, Speaker of the House of Commons, Treasurer of the Household, Chief Butler of England, Treasurer of the Exchequer and Seneschal of Landes and Aquitaine.
This English nobleman was the eldest son and heir of Sir Pain Tiptoft (died c. 1413) by his spouse, Agnes, née Wrothe (d. bef. 1413). He was Lord of the Manors of Burwell and Eversden, in Cambridgeshire. In 1413 he was heir to his first cousin, Elizabeth Wrothe, wife of Sir William Palton, Kt., by which he inherited the manors of Nether Wallop, Hampshire, Worcesters (in Enfield), Middlesex, and Redlynch (in Downton, Wiltshire).
He was knighted in 1399. He was returned to Parliament as knight of the shire for Huntingdonshire in January and October, 1404 and again in 1406, when he was elected Speaker of the House of Commons. He represented Somerset in 1414.
He was appointed Treasurer of the Household (1406–1408), Chief Butler of England in 1407, Treasurer of the Exchequer (1408–1409), Seneschal of Aquitaine (1415–1423), Councillor of Regency to Henry VI (1422–1443) and Lord Steward of the Household (1426–1432).
On 7 January 1426 he was summoned to the House of Lords whereby he was created Baron Tiptoft.
Marriage and progeny
John Tiptoft married twice, leaving progeny by his 2nd marriage only:
- Firstly, before 24 February 1408, to a widow, Philippa Talbot (c. 1367–1417), daughter of Sir John Talbot, of Richard's Castle, Herefordshire. They had no issue.
- He married secondly, by royal licence dated 28 February 1422, to Joyce Charleton (c. 1404–1446), the younger daughter and co-heiress of Edward Charleton, 5th Baron Cherleton by his first wife Eleanor Holland. By Joyce Charleton he had the following children:
- John Tiptoft, 1st Earl of Worcester (1427–1470), whose only son Edward Tiptoft, 2nd Earl of Worcester died in 1485, a minor without issue.
- Philippa Tiptoft (c. 1423 – after January 1487), married Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros (1427–1464).
- Joanna Tiptoft (c. 1425 – 1494), married, in 1435, Sir Edmund Ingoldsthorpe (c. 1421 – 1456), of Burgh Green, Cambridgeshire.
- Joyce Tiptoft (aft. 1425 – c. 1470), married Sir Edmund Sutton.
Death and burial
Sir John, 1st Lord Tiptoft, was buried at Enfield in Middlesex, early in February 1443.
- As for example quartered by the Barons Scrope of Bolton, (the 2nd baron (d. 1403) married one of the co-heiresses of Robert Tiptoft, 3rd Baron Tibetot (d. 1372)) to be seen in quarterings of John Wyndham (1558–1645), Watchet Church, Somerset
- Royal licence required for marriages of heiress and widows of a tenant-in-chief
- Ward, J.S.M. (1912). Brasses. p. 27. Retrieved 17 February 2014.
- Lee 1920, p. 90.
- Kellys 1899 Directory for Middlesex pg.640
- History of Parliament TIPTOFT, Sir John (d.1443) of Burwell, Cambs
- "Complete Peerage" by G. E. Cokayne, et al.
- "Magna Carta Ancestry" by Douglas Richardson, Baltimore, Md., 2005.
- Lee, James Wideman (1920). The geography of genius. Fleming H Revell, Co. p. 90.
- Clark, Linda. "Tiptoft, John, first Baron Tiptoft (c. 1378–1443), administrator and speaker of the House of Commons". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/27470.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Mitchell, R. J. (1938). John Tiptoft (1427-70). London.
- Roskell, J. S. The Commons and their speakers in English parliaments, 1376–1523 (1965). pp. 147–9, 367–8.
- Roskell, J. S. (1983). Parliament and politics in late medieval England. 3. pp. 107–50.
- Roskell, J. S.; Woodger, L. S. (1993). "TIPTOFT, Sir John (d.1443), of Burwell, Cambs.". In Clark, Linda; Rawcliffe, Carole; Roskell, J. S. (eds.). The House of Commons 1386-1421. The History of Parliament Trust.
Sir William Esturmy
| Speaker of the House of Commons
| Lord High Treasurer
The Lord Scrope of Masham
| Chief Butler of England
The Lord Wenlock
|Peerage of England|
| Baron Tiptoft