John Stewart, 1st Earl of Angus

John Stewart, 1st Earl of Angus, Lord of Bonkyl, jure uxoris Lord of Abernethy Kt (died 9 December 1331) was a medieval Scottish nobleman.[1]

Stewart was the son of Sir Alexander Stewart of Bonkyll, great-grandson of Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland, and Jean Fitz James, daughter of Alexander Fitz James. Sir Alexander died around 1319, and Stewart inherited his father's estates in Berwickshire, centered upon the barony of Bonkyll and Preston.[2]

In 1328, he married Margaret de Abernethy, heiress to the Lordship of Abernethy. Her father Sir Alexander de Abernethy was the last of the Gaelic lords of Abernethy, descendants of Gille Míchéil, Earl of Fife. Stewart assumed his wife's titles, and was further ennobled by Robert I of Scotland in 1329, being created Earl of Angus.[3] The Earldom of Angus had been forfeited by the previous holder, Robert de Umfreville, before 1314, for choosing the losing side during the Wars of Scottish Independence, although he continued to style himself Earl until his death in 1325.[2]

It is through John Stewart's granddaughter, Margaret's illicit relationship with William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas, that the Earldom of Angus, Lordship of Abernethy, and the comitatus associated with it passed on to the Douglases in the person of George Douglas (the first Red Douglas). This close connection of the Douglas Earls of Angus with the House of Stewart was to have large implications for the latter's future struggles with the Black Douglases.

Stewart was knighted on 24 November 1331 on the coronation of King David II, but died just two weeks later. He was succeeded by his son Thomas Stewart, 2nd Earl of Angus.[1]

See also

References

  1. Selby, Walford Dakin (1884). The Genealogist. George Bell & Sons. p. 95. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  2. Balfour Paul, James (1904). The Scots Peerage. Edinburgh : D. Douglas. pp. 169–171.
  3. Stewart, John Hope J. (1880). The Stewarts of Appin. p. 48. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
New creation
Earl of Angus
1329–1331
Succeeded by
Thomas Stewart
Preceded by
Alexander de Abernethy
Lord of Abernethy
jure uxoris

1328–1331
Succeeded by
Thomas Stewart
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