John Maurice Hardman Campbell
John Maurice Hardman Campbell
|Died||7 August 1973 81) (aged|
|Known for||co-editorship of the|
British Heart Journal
After education at Winchester College, J. Maurice Campbell studied at New College, Oxford, where he graduated with a first-class honours degree in physiology. He was awarded a senior demyship at Magdalen College, Oxford and entered in 1914 Guy’s Hospital Medical School, where he graduated in 1916 BM BCh (Oxon.). He joined in 1916 the RAMC, served with the rank of captain in Mesopotamia and North Persia, and was twice mentioned in despatches. In June 1919 he was awarded the OBE for his services with a field ambulance.
In 1920 Campbell returned to Guy's Hospital as a medical registrar. He graduated DM in 1921 and qualified MRCP in 1921. He spent three years (from 1923 to 1925) in the department of physiology working with E. P. Poulton on oxygen therapy and with Marcus Pembrey. Campbell held from 1923 to 1927 a Beit memorial research fellowship, in 1925 resumed clinical work as a medical registrar, and in 1926 became an assistant physician at Guy's Hospital. He was elected FRCP in 1929.
His early publications included papers on respiratory and gastric physiology, paroxysmal atrial rhythm disturbances, complete heart block, the use of quinidine, the heart in thyroid disease, and the effects of exercise on the heart and digestion.
At the National Heart Hospital he began working in 1926 with the cardiologist John Parkinson and in 1930 became there a consultant physician. During WWII Campbell was superintendent of the Emergency Medical Service Hospital, Orpington. At St Guy's Hospital he was promoted in 1945 from assistant physician to general physician and became in 1948 a cardiologist and head of the newly founded cardiac department.
In 1938, he became the first editor of the British Heart Journal (along with Evan Bedford) which he continued to edit for 20 years until 1958.
The Worshipful Company of Clothworkers sponsored a visitor exchange of senior staff members between Guy’s Hospital and the Johns Hopkins Hospital. Under this sponsorship Campbell invited in 1947 Alfred Blalock to Guy's Hospital to perform the first "blue baby operation" in the UK. Campbell identified a number of patients with cyanotic heart disease as possible candidates for surgery.
This led to an intense period of surgical development and close collaboration with Russell Brock and Charles Baker that would make Guy's Hospital famous for its surgery on congenital heart disease and mitral stenosis.
Campbell delivered in 1946 the Lumleian Lectures. In 1958 he retired from active clinical practice but continued to write papers and attend medical conferences. He was president from 1956 to 1960 of the British Cardiac Society and was the chair of the British Heart Foundation upon its inception in 1961. The Royal College of Physicians award him the Moxon medal in 1966.
Campbell published in 1935 a book entitled Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson: A Medical Digression and was an active member of the Sherlock Holmes Society of London. In the autumn of 1972 he made a lecture tour of American medical centers.
J. Maurice Campbell's father was the mathematician John Edward Campbell. On 28 August 1924 in Nefyn, Caernarfonshire, Maurice Campbell married Ethel Mary Chrimes, a nurse at Guy’s Hospital. He was survived by his widow, two sons and three daughters.
- "Inversion of T waves after long paroxysms of tachycardia". Br Heart J. 4 (1–2): 49–56. January 1942. doi:10.1136/hrt.4.1-2.49. PMC 503483.
- with Charles Baker and R. C. Brock: "Valvulotomy for mitral stenosis". Br Med J. 1 (4665): 1283–1293. 3 June 1950. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.4665.1283. PMC 2037848.
- with D. Deuchar: "Results of the Blalock-Taussig operation in 200 Cases of mores caeruleus". Br Med J. 1 (4806): 349–358. 14 February 1953. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.4806.349. PMC 2015442.
- with Ralph Kauntze: "Congenital aortic valvular stenosis". Br Heart J. 15 (2): 179–194. April 1953. doi:10.1136/hrt.15.2.179. PMC 479484.
- "Simple pulmonary stenosis pulmonary valvular stenosis with a closed ventricular septum". Br Heart J. 16 (3): 273–300. July 1954. doi:10.1136/hrt.16.3.273. PMC 479528.
- with D. C. Deuchar and Russel Brock: "Results of pulmonary valvotomy and infundibular resection in 100 Cases of Fallot's tetralogy". Br Med J. 2 (4880): 111–122. 17 July 1954. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.4880.111. PMC 2079269.
- with D. C. Deuchar: "The left-sided superior vena cava". Br Heart J. 16 (4): 423–439. October 1954. doi:10.1136/hrt.16.4.423. PMC 503904.
- with Charles Baker and Russell Brock: "Mitral Valvotomy: A Follow-up of 45 Patients for Three Years and Over". Br Med J. 2 (4946): 983–991. 22 October 1955. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.4946.983. PMC 1981177.
- with Margaret Turner-Warwick: "Two more families with cardiomegaly". Br Heart J. 18 (3): 393–402. July 1956. doi:10.1136/hrt.18.3.393. PMC 479602.
- with Catherine Neill and S. Suzman: "The prognosis of atrial septal defect". Br Med J. 1 (5032): 1375–1383, 1390-1–1390-2. 15 June 1957. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.5032.1375. PMC 1973624.
- with L. Brotmacher: "The natural history of ventricular septal defect". Br Heart J. 20 (1): 97–116. January 1958. doi:10.1136/hrt.20.1.97. PMC 492796.
- "Place of maternal rubella in the aetiology of congenital heart disease". Br Med J. 1 (5227): 691–696. 11 March 1961. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.5227.691. PMC 1953381.
- with P. E. Polani: "Factors in the ætiology of atrial septal defect". Br Heart J. 23 (5): 477–493. September 1961. doi:10.1136/hrt.23.5.477. PMC 1017820.
- "Death rate from diseases of the heart: 1876 to 1959". Br Med J. 2 (5356): 528–535. 31 August 1963. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.5356.528. PMC 1872652.
- "The main cause of increased death rate from diseases of the heart: 1920 to 1959". Br Med J. 2 (5359): 712–717. 21 September 1963. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.5359.712. PMC 1872892.
- "Causes of malformations of the heart". Br Med J. 2 (5467): 895–904. 16 October 1965. doi:10.1136/bmj.2.5467.895. PMC 1846412.
- with Richard Emanuel: "Six cases of congenital complete heart block followed for 34-40 years". Br Heart J. 29 (4): 577–587. July 1967. doi:10.1136/hrt.29.4.577. PMC 487836.
- "Natural history of persistent ductus arteriosus". Br Heart J. 30 (1): 4–13. January 1968. doi:10.1136/hrt.30.1.4. PMC 459200.
- "The natural history of congenital aortic stenosis". Br Heart J. 30 (4): 514–526. July 1968. doi:10.1136/hrt.30.4.514. PMC 487660.
- "Calcific aortic stenosis and congenital bicuspid aortic valves". Br Heart J. 30 (5): 606–616. September 1968. doi:10.1136/hrt.30.5.606. PMC 487689.
- Silverman, M. E. (December 2003). "Obituary. Maurice Campbell: first editor of Heart". Heart. 89 (12): 1379–1381. doi:10.1136/heart.89.12.1379. PMC 1767969.
- "John Maurice Hardman Campbell". Munk's Roll, Volume VI, Royal College of Physicians.
- "Obituary. Maurice Campbell, O.B.E., M.A., D.M., F.R.C.P." Br Med J. 3 (5876): 412–414. 18 August 1973. doi:10.1136/bmj.3.5876.412. PMC 1586687.