John Irwin (British Army officer)

General Sir John Irwin KB (1727/28 – May 1788) was an Irish soldier who served in the British Army.

Sir John Irwin
Dublin, Ireland
DiedMay 1788
Parma, Italy
Allegiance Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branchBritish Army
Battles/warsSeven Years' War
AwardsKnight of the Order of the Bath


Educated in Ireland, Irwin was commissioned into the 5th Regiment of Foot in 1736.[1] He served in an attack on the French coast in 1758 and then fought under Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick in Germany in 1760.[1]

He served as Member of Parliament (MP) for East Grinstead from 1762 to 1783, Governor of Gibraltar from 1765 to 1767, member of the Irish privy council, and as Commander-in-Chief, Ireland from 1775 to 1782.[1] Losing the last of these posts on the fall of Lord North's administration in March 1782, he moved back into his house in Piccadilly and his place in parliament, rising to full General and retiring from parliament in 1783.[1] In debt, in 1783 he moved to France and then Parma, where he was welcomed by Ferdinand, Duke of Parma and Maria Amalia, Duchess of Parma, and hosted British ex-patriates and visitors to the city until his death.[1]


He married three times: to Elizabeth Henry in 1749, to Anne Barry in 1753 and finally to Caroline with whom he had two children.[1]


Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Charles Sackville
Sir Thomas Hales, Bt
Member of Parliament for East Grinstead
With: Earl of Middlesex 1762–1765
Sir Charles Farnaby 1765–1767
Lord George Sackville 1767–1782
Henry Arthur Herbert 1782–1783
Succeeded by
Henry Arthur Herbert
George Medley
Military offices
Preceded by
Edward Cornwallis
Governor of Gibraltar
Succeeded by
Robert Boyd
Preceded by
Sir David Cunynghame
Colonel of the 57th (West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot
Succeeded by
John Campbell
Preceded by
George Augustus Eliott
Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
Succeeded by
John Burgoyne
Governor of Londonderry
Succeeded by
John Hale
Preceded by
Sir William Augustus Pitt
Colonel of the 3rd Regiment of Horse (Carabiniers)
Succeeded by
The Earl of Carhampton

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