John Hill Maccann

John Hill Maccann, or Professor Maccann (variously rendered as Maccann, MacCann or McCann[1]) was a concertina player and designer from Plymouth, England. In 1884, Maccann patented a new design of Duet concertina, which became the first successful and most widely accepted layout of that instrument.[2] Maccann's layout was a refinement of the earlier "Duette" system developed by Charles Wheatstone, inventor of the concertina.[3]:37 Initially called the "New Chromatic Duet English Concertina", it was to later be called simply the "Maccann system".

In addition to his designing, Maccann also played the concertina for earlier recordings, and toured as a musician playing the concertina (as did his mother as well[4]). Historical records note his playing blocks of shows in Glasgow in 1888,[5] a command performance for the Prince of Wales, an 1890-1891 North American tour,[6] and an early 20th century tour of Australia.[3]:110



  2. Denis Arnold (1983). The New Oxford companion to music. Oxford University Press. p. 461. ISBN 978-0-19-311316-9.
  3. Dan Michael Worrall (1 January 2009). The Anglo-German Concertina: A Social History. Dan Michael Worrall. ISBN 978-0-9825996-0-0.
  4. The Era Almanack. Era. 1895. p. 94.
  5. Frank Bruce (1 January 2000). Scottish Showbusiness: Music Hall, Variety, and Pantomime. National Museums of Scotland. p. 82. ISBN 978-1-901663-43-3.
  7. George A. Copeland; Ronald Dethlefson (2004). Edison, Lambert Concert Records & Columbia Grand Records and Related Phonographs: Or, "the 5-inch Cylinder Book". Mulholland Press. p. 129.
  8. The Zon-o-phone record: a discography of recordings produced by the International Zonophone Company and associated companies in Europe and the Americas, 1901-1903. Kinnear, Michael. 1 January 2001. p. 156. ISBN 978-0-9577355-2-1.
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