John FitzGerald, Baron FitzGerald

John David FitzGerald, Baron FitzGerald PC, PC (Ire) (1 May 1816 – 16 October 1889)[2] was an Irish judge and Liberal politician.

Background

Born in Dublin, he was the son of the merchant David FitzGerald and his wife Catherine, eldest daughter of David Leahy.[3] His sister Kate was married to Charles Robert Barry and his youngest sister Emily to Denis Caulfield Heron.[4] FitzGerald was educated at Trinity College, Dublin and was called to the bar by King's Inns in 1838.[3] In 1870, he received a Honorary Doctorate of Laws by the University of Dublin.[5]

Career

FitzGerald became a Queen's Counsel in 1847 and was judge of the Munster circuit.[3] He entered the British House of Commons in 1852, sitting for Ennis the next eight years.[6] In 1855, FitzGerald was first elected a Bencher, then nominated Solicitor-General for Ireland.[5] He became Attorney-General for Ireland a year later, on which appointment he was sworn of the Privy Council of Ireland.[3] FitzGerald held the former post until 1858 and after a break for a year, again until 1860, when he was appointed Judge on the Court of Queen's Bench (Ireland).[5] On 23 June 1882, he was created a Lord of Appeal in Ordinary with the title Baron FitzGerald, of Kilmarnock, in the County of Dublin.[7] Six days later, he was additionally sworn of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom.[5]

Judgements

  • Foakes v Beer [1884] UKHL 1, [1881-85] All ER Rep 106, (1884) 9 App Cas 605; 54 LJQB 130; 51 LT 833; 33 WR 233 - a leading case from the House of Lords on the legal concept of consideration

Family

In 1846, he married firstly Rose, second daughter of John O'Donohue, and had by her three sons.[8] She died in 1850 and FitzGerald remarried Hon. Jane Matilda Mary, daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Arthur Francis Southwell and Mary Ann Agnes Dillon and sister of Thomas Southwell, 4th Viscount Southwell.[8] By his second wife, he had four sons and six daughters.[8] Conservative politician Amber Rudd is his great-great-granddaughter.

References

  1. http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/content/fitzgeraldkil1882.htm
  2. "Leigh Rayment - Peerage". Retrieved 13 August 2009.
  3. Dod, Robert P. (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. p. 257.
  4. O'Malley, Liam. The Law Faculty. Galway: National University of Ireland, Galway. p. 45.
  5. Debrett, John (1886). Robert Henry Mair (ed.). Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench. London: Dean & Son. p. 284.
  6. "Leigh Rayment - Baronetage, Ennis". Retrieved 13 August 2009.
  7. "No. 25119". The London Gazette. 20 June 1882. p. 2848.
  8. "ThePeerage - John David FitzGerald, Baron FitzGerald of Kilmarnock". Retrieved 13 August 2009.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
James Patrick O'Gorman Mahon
Member of Parliament for Ennis
18521860
Succeeded by
William Stacpoole
Legal offices
Preceded by
William Keogh
Solicitor-General for Ireland
1855 – 1856
Succeeded by
Jonathan Christian
Preceded by
William Keogh
Attorney-General for Ireland
1856 – 1858
Succeeded by
James Whiteside
Preceded by
James Whiteside
Attorney-General for Ireland
1859 – 1860
Succeeded by
Rickard Deasy
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