John Douglas Hazen

Sir John Douglas Hazen, KCMG PC (June 5, 1860 – December 27, 1937) was a politician in New Brunswick, Canada.

Sir John Douglas Hazen
Sir Douglas Hazen
13th Premier of New Brunswick
In office
March 24, 1908  October 10, 1911
MonarchEdward VII
George V
Lieutenant GovernorLemuel John Tweedie
Preceded byClifford W. Robinson
Succeeded byJames K. Flemming
MLA for Sunbury
In office
February 18, 1899  October 10, 1911
Serving with Parker Glasier
Preceded byDavid Morrow
Succeeded byGeorge A. Perley
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for City and County of St. John
In office
March 5, 1891  June 23, 1896
Preceded byCharles Nelson Skinner
Succeeded byJohn Alexander Chesley
In office
October 27, 1911  October 11, 1917
Preceded byJohn Waterhouse Daniel
Succeeded byDistrict was abolished in 1914
Mayor of Fredericton, New Brunswick
In office
Administrator of New Brunswick
In office
October 31, 1917  November 6, 1917
Preceded byWilliam Pugsley
Succeeded byWilliam Frederick Todd
Personal details
Born(1860-06-05)June 5, 1860
Oromocto, New Brunswick
DiedDecember 27, 1937(1937-12-27) (aged 77)
Saint John, New Brunswick
Political partyConservative
Ada C. Tibbits (m. 1884)
ChildrenDouglas King, James Murray, Kate Elizabeth, Frances Edith and Ada Althea
Alma materUniversity of New Brunswick
Occupationlawyer, judge
Military service
Years of service1880-1898
Unit5th Company 71st York Battalion of Infantry and 3rd Battalion New Brunswick Regiment[1]

Known by his second name, Douglas, he entered politics in 1885 when he was elected as an alderman in Fredericton, New Brunswick. He became mayor in 1888.

Hazen was elected to the House of Commons of Canada as a Conservative candidate in the 1891 federal election. He lost his seat in the 1896 election that defeated the Conservatives and brought Wilfrid Laurier's Liberals to power.

He was elected to the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick in 1899, and became leader of the opposition. Hazen rebuilt the Conservative Party which had been out of power since 1883. He led the party into government in the 1908 provincial election.

As premier, Hazen fought political corruption and attempts by the federal government to reduce the Maritime provinces' representation in the federal House of Commons.

Douglas Hazen left provincial politics in 1911 to become federal Minister of Marine and Fisheries and Minister of the Naval Service in the government of Sir Robert Borden. During the First World War, he served in the Imperial War Cabinet. Hazen left politics in October 1917 to become Chief Justice of New Brunswick.

For his years of service to The Crown and to Canada, in 1918 Douglas Hazen was made a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George by King George V.

Hazen died in 1937 at age seventy-seven and was interred in the Fernhill Cemetery in Saint John, New Brunswick. Sir Douglas Hazen Park in Oromocto, New Brunswick and Sir Douglas Hazen Hall at the University of New Brunswick, Saint John are named in his honour.[2]


Further reading

  • Arthur T. Doyle, Front Benches and Back Rooms: A story of corruption, muckraking, raw partisanship and political intrigue in New Brunswick, Toronto: Green Tree Publishing, 1976.
  • "Former Chief Justice of N.B. Dead". The Ottawa Journal. 27 Dec 1937. p. 13. Retrieved 24 December 2016 via
Legal offices
Preceded by
Ezekiel McLeod
Chief Justice of New Brunswick
Succeeded by
John B. M. Baxter
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