John Costigan

John Costigan (February 1, 1835 September 29, 1916) was a Canadian judge and politician who served in the House of Commons of Canada and in the Cabinet of several Prime Ministers of Canada.

John Costigan
Member of the New Brunswick House of Assembly for Victoria
In office
Member of Parliament for Victoria
In office
Preceded byfirst member
Succeeded byPius Michaud
Senator for New Brunswick
In office
January 15, 1907  September 29, 1916
Personal details
BornFebruary 1, 1835
Saint-Nicolas, Lower Canada
Died September 29, 1916(1916-09-29) (aged 81)
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Political partyLiberal-ConservativeLiberal
ResidenceVictoria County, New Brunswick
Occupationphysiotherapist, health care administrator

Costigan was born on February 1, 1835, in Saint-Nicolas, Lower Canada, the son of Irish immigrants John Costigan and Bridget Dunn. He was educated at Collège de Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pocatière in Lower Canada from 1850 to 1852. In 1857, he became registrar of deeds and wills for Victoria County in New Brunswick and a judge of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas. He resigned from these posts in 1861 when he was elected to be a member of the 19th New Brunswick Legislative Assembly, representing the electoral district of Victoria.[1][2]

On September 20, 1867, he was elected to the 1st Canadian Parliament as a member of the Liberal-Conservative Party by the riding of Victoria in New Brunswick. He was re-elected nine times, and he became a member of the Liberal Party on February 6, 1906. During his time as a Member of Parliament, he was a Minister of Inland Revenue, a Secretary of State of Canada, a Minister of Marine and Fisheries, and an acting Minister of Trade and Commerce. He was Dean of the House from 1896 to 1907.

On January 15, 1907, he was appointed a member of the Senate of Canada for the senatorial division of Victoria, New Brunswick. He died in office on September 29, 1916, in Ottawa. He was interred in Grand Falls.


  1. Shanahan (2000).
  2. The elections for the 19th New Brunswick Legislative Assembly took place in 1861, but Costigan did not take his seat until the Assembly's first sitting on February 12, 1862.


  • Shanahan, David (2000). "Costigan, John". Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online. Retrieved October 13, 2011.
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