John Caillaud

Brigadier-General John Caillaud (5 February 1726 – December 1812) was Commander-in-Chief, India.

John Caillaud
Born5 February 1726
Dublin, Ireland
DiedDecember 1812
Aston Rowant, Oxfordshire
Allegiance Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branchBritish Army
RankBrigadier General
Commands heldIndian Army
Battles/warsJacobite rising
Seven Years' War

Military career

Caillaud was commissioned into Onslow's Regiment in 1743.[1] In 1746, during the Jacobite rising, he took part in the Battle of Falkirk and the Battle of Culloden. In 1752 he was made a Captain in the Madras Army. During the Seven Years' War he was involved with skirmishes with the French.[1]

In 1759 he was made Commander of the Bengal Army.[1] Edmund Burke later claimed that, during the course of the Bengal War, Caillaud had set three official seals to a document expressing an intent to kill Ali Gauhar, the Mughal Crown Prince, allegations that Caillaud strongly denied.[1]

He subsequently became Commander of the Madras Army in which capacity he negotiated a treat with Nazim Ali which guaranteed Nazim Ali military support in return for occupation of the Northern Circars by the East India Company.[1]

In 1775 he retired[2] to Aston Rowant in Oxfordshire and died in December 1812.[1]


In 1763 he married Mary Pechell: they had no children.[1]


Military offices
Preceded by
Robert Clive
Commander-in-Chief, India
Succeeded by
John Carnac
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